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En español | Governors across the country are issuing orders and recommendations to their residents on the status of schools, businesses and public services as their states respond to the coronavirus outbreak. Many states are closing schools, along with public and private colleges and universities.
All states have taken coronavirus-related actions, but restrictions vary, and so does the length of time the measures are in place. Here’s a look at each state’s restrictions:
• Alabama: Gov. Kay Ivey has issued a public health order banning nonwork-related gatherings of 10 or more people, or nonwork-related gatherings of any size where people cannot maintain a 6-foot distance from one another. Restaurants, bars and breweries are limited to takeout or delivery. Ivey also closed all public and private beaches. The prohibitions are effective until 5 p.m. April 17.
• Alaska: Gov. Michael Dunleavy issued a mandate barring travel between communities within the state unless it’s critical for personal needs or work. Dunleavy also issued a social-distancing mandate requiring people to stay at home and not gather in groups of any size, public or private, that include individuals outside the household. People can leave home for essentials (food, gas, vet services and exercise); however, they must maintain a 6-foot distance from each other. Dunleavy has closed food establishments to dine-in services. Entertainment facilities such as theaters and gyms are also closed. The intrastate travel mandate will be reevaluated by April 21, and the social distancing mandate will be reevaluated by April 11. Previously, Dunleavy issued a mandate requiring all people arriving in Alaska to self-quarantine for 14 days. People entering the state must travel directly from the airport to their self-quarantined location. Workers who support critical infrastructure are exempted but must submit a plan detailing how they will avoid spreading COVID-19. That mandate will be reevaluated April 21.
• Arizona: Gov. Doug Ducey has issued a stay-at-home order that lasts until April 30. Arizonans can leave to obtain necessary supplies for household members and pets, to get equipment for working at home and to exercise outdoors. Businesses that provide essential services can remain open, including hospitals, grocery stores, gas stations, financial institutions and critical trades, such as plumbers and electricians. Nonessential businesses that don’t require in-person, on-site transactions can continue to operate. Previously, Ducey delayed expiration dates on Arizona driver’s licenses and stopped all elective surgeries in the state. The governor also activated the National Guard to help grocery stores and food banks handle the increasing demand.
• Arkansas: Gov. Asa Hutchinson has ordered a prohibition on gatherings of more than 10 people in confined indoor or outdoor spaces. Those living within a single household are excepted. Gatherings in unenclosed outdoor spaces, such as trails and golf courses, are permitted, as are gatherings in places of worship, but social distancing is advised. He ordered the closure of in-dining services at restaurants and bars. Pickup and delivery are still allowed. Hutchinson didn’t say how long the ban would last.
• California: Gov. Gavin Newsom on March 18 issued a stay-at-home order for all of California’s 40 million residents. Essential services — gas stations, pharmacies, food stores, banks and laundry services — will remain open. So will essential state and local government functions.
• Colorado: Gov. Jared Polis has ordered a statewide stay-at-home mandate to last through April 11. Critical businesses like grocery stores can remain open with social distancing measures in place. Bars and restaurants are limited to takeout or delivery. Cannabis and liquor stores remain open, but theaters and churches are closed.
• Connecticut: Gov. Ned Lamont has issued a stay safe, stay home order directing businesses to have their employees work from home. Groceries, gas stations, pharmacies and other essential businesses can stay open. The order lasts through April 22. Previously, Lamont asked the state’s tribal casinos, which are operated by sovereign nations, to close.
• Delaware: Gov. John Carney has ordered travelers from outside states to self-quarantine for 14 days. It doesn’t apply to those simply passing through, to individuals commuting into Delaware for an essential business, or to those traveling to care for a family member, friend or pet. He has already ordered Delawareans to shelter in place and nonessential businesses to close. Approved activities include trips to the grocery store, doctor office visits and exercising outside while practicing social distancing. The order lasts through May 15 or until the threat of COVID-19 is eliminated. Previously, Carney ordered his state’s three racetrack casinos to cease operations.
• District of Columbia: Mayor Muriel Bowser ordered D.C. residents to stay at home through April 24. People can leave to work at an essential business or to obtain essential items, like food and household goods. Walking, biking, tennis, golf and other outdoor activities are permitted, but people must apply social distancing practices and can enjoy outdoor recreation only with members of their own households.
• Florida: Gov. Ron DeSantis announced he will sign a stay-at-home order to take effect midnight April 2 and last for 30 days. Previously, he ordered a ban on vacation rentals for two weeks. He also banned recreational boats from having more than 10 people aboard and ordered that the boats must be at least 50 feet apart. DeSantis has also ordered all people who arrive in Florida from Connecticut, New Jersey or New York to self-isolate for 14 days. The order doesn’t apply to airline employees or those performing military, health or emergency response services. On Friday, DeSantis added Louisiana to the list. He has halted all dine-in restaurant sales and closed all gyms and fitness centers. Restaurants can keep their kitchens open for takeout and delivery services.
• Georgia: Gov. Brian Kemp issued an executive order last Monday that directed the Department of Public Health to require individuals who are at risk of complications from COVID-19 to isolate, quarantine or shelter in place. That includes those in nursing homes or long-term care facilities, those with chronic lung disease, and those undergoing cancer treatment. The order also closed bars, and Kemp banned gatherings of 10 or more people unless a 6-foot distance can be maintained.
• Hawaii: Gov. David Ige issued a statewide stay-at-home mandate except for essential workers. The stay-at-home mandate lasts until April 30. People can leave home for various needs, such as for groceries and medical supplies, to take care of the elderly, or for outdoor exercise. Ige has mandated that all people entering the state on or after March 26 must self-quarantine for 14 days, except for those who perform emergency response or critical infrastructure functions and have been exempted by the director of Emergency Management.
• Idaho: Gov. Brad Little ordered residents to work from home. The order went into effect March 25 and lasts for 21 days. Essential businesses such as grocery stores and health care facilities are exempt. Restaurants can remain open for takeout or delivery only. Bars and nightclubs are closed, as are indoor gyms, nail salons and entertainment venues. People can go outside near their home for walks, bike rides and other exercise.
• Illinois: Gov. J.B. Pritzker issued a stay-at-home order for the entire state, continuing through at least April 7. People will still be able to go to grocery stores, pharmacies and outside for walks. All nonessential businesses must stop operating.
• Indiana: Gov. Eric Holcomb issued a stay-at-home order that lasts until April 7. Essential employees, who include health care, grocery and transit workers, may leave their homes, and all residents may go outdoors to exercise. The governor had already announced that restaurants, bars and nightclubs must stop offering sit-down service.
• Iowa: Gov. Kim Reynolds issued an order expanding a ban on business operations. Previously, she issued an order prohibiting eating and drinking at restaurants and bars but still allowing takeout and delivery. The order also closed fitness centers, theaters and casinos. The latest order shutters retail stores such as those that sell books, clothing or cosmetics. It also prohibits elective surgeries, including dental work, except in emergency cases. In addition, Reynolds has prohibited social gatherings of more than 10 people, including social, religious and sporting events. The order is effective through April 7.
• Kansas: Gov. Laura Kelly issued a stay-at-home order that lasts until at least April 19. People can leave home to get household necessities, seek medical care or perform an essential work function. Kelly had already banned public gatherings of 10 or more people until May 1, but she stopped short of ordering bars and restaurants to close, as long as they can preserve a 6-foot distance between tables, booths and barstools. While movie theaters, gyms and museums are closed, religious gatherings and funeral services are permitted if social distancing can be maintained.
The state Department of Health mandated a 14-day home quarantine for all Kansans who traveled to a state with widespread transmission on or after March 27. The mandate also applies to anyone who traveled internationally or on a cruise ship on or after March 15.
• Kentucky: Gov. Andy Beshear mandated all businesses to cease operations unless they are life-sustaining, which include grocery stores, drug stores, banks and laundromats. Non-life-sustaining businesses can operate virtually. Previously, he ordered the end of in-person dining at restaurant and bars, and the closing of all government offices in Kentucky to in-person services. He waived the state’s waiting period for accessing unemployment insurance benefits.
• Louisiana: Gov. John Bel Edwards ordered a stay-at-home order effective until Monday, April 13. The order closes state agencies but allows grocery stores, pharmacies and day-care centers to remain open, allows takeout at restaurants, and people to go to medical appointments. Public gatherings are limited to 10 people.
• Maine: Gov. Janet Mills ordered all people living in Maine to stay at home. The order takes effect April 2 and lasts until at least April 30. People can leave to pick up necessary items, such as food or medical supplies, or for an essential job. Mills also banned the use of public transportation except when absolutely necessary for an essential job or reason. She placed limits on the number of customers allowed inside an essential business, such as gas stations and supermarkets, but the limits vary depending on the square-footage of the building. Outdoor exercise is permitted, but social distancing must be maintained. Previously, Mills ordered restaurants and bars to close, but allowed takeout and delivery services.
• Maryland: Gov. Larry Hogan has directed a stay-at-home order. Grocery stores, pharmacies, banks and other essential businesses may remain open. Previously, Hogan issued an order prohibiting retailers from price gouging certain items, such as food, fuel and personal hygiene products. The prohibition on dine-in service continues.
• Massachusetts: Gov. Charlie Baker extended an order that all nonessential businesses close and a stay-at-home advisory to residents until May 4. He limited hotels, Airbnb and other short-term rentals to stays used only for COVID-19-fighting efforts. Restaurants can continue to provide only takeout or delivery food, and gatherings of more than 10 people are still prohibited. Baker has ordered grocery stores and pharmacies to provide special shopping hours for adults 60 and older. He also ordered the Registry of Motor Vehicles to give a 60-day extension of renewal deadlines for driver’s licenses and other documents that have expired or will expire between March 1 and April 30.
• Michigan: Gov. Gretchen Whitmer issued a “Stay Home, Stay Safe” executive order that directs all businesses and operations to close unless they provide essential services. It will continue until April 13. Carryout and delivery service from restaurants will be available, as will drive-through orders or pickups from windows, and people may leave the house to go to pharmacies or doctors’ offices, take walks and do other physical activity, as long as they remain at a 6-foot distance from others.
• Minnesota: Gov. Tim Walz has ordered Minnesotans to stay at home to stop the spread of the coronavirus. It’s permissible to leave to pick up essential items, like groceries. Walz encouraged outdoor activities, such as running, biking or fishing. Supermarkets, pharmacies and workers who provide critical services are not affected. The order lasts until 5 p.m. on April 10. Previously, Walz ordered bars and restaurants to temporarily close to dine-in customers. Delivery and curbside takeout services may continue. The temporary closure also applies to other places of public amusement, including theaters, museums, fitness centers and community clubs.
• Mississippi: Gov. Tate Reeves issued an executive order banning Mississippi residents from gathering in groups of more than 10 where social distancing cannot be maintained. The limit doesn’t apply to grocery stores, retail and department stores, airports or essential businesses. Reeves also restricted services at restaurants and bars, but stopped short of closing them. Establishments must limit their dine-in services to no more than 10 people at once. The order prohibits people from visiting nursing homes, hospitals and other health care facilities except in limited circumstances, such as to provide critical assistance. The order lasts until April 17.
• Missouri: Gov. Mike Parson directed the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services to ban social gatherings of more than 10 people. As long as precautions are taken — keeping a 6-foot distance from non–family members — people may go to places like grocery stores, parks and banks. Restaurants and bars are closed to dine-in services but may offer pickup and delivery options. The order remains in effect until April 6.
• Montana: Gov. Steve Bullock directed individuals living in Montana to stay at home except for necessities. He banned social gatherings of any size unless individuals can maintain a 6-foot distance, and temporarily closed nonessential businesses. The directive lasts through April 10.
• Nebraska: Gov. Pete Ricketts announced that public events and gatherings will be limited to 10 people or fewer. Businesses can stay open and the crowd limit does not include grocery stores. Ricketts has limited restaurants to takeout service in certain areas.
• Nevada: Gov. Steve Sisolak mandated nonessential businesses to close, including casinos and gaming operations. Pubs, wineries and bars that don’t serve full meals must close, but restaurants that do serve meals can provide delivery or pick-up services. Essential businesses such as grocery stores, hardware stores and pharmacies can also remain open. Sisolak encouraged places of worship to close.
• New Hampshire: Gov. Chris Sununu issued a stay-at-home order for New Hampshire citizens and directed nonessential businesses to close their workplaces. People can leave home to get fresh air, run essential errands and pick up food, among other reasons. The order lasts until May 4.
• New Jersey: Gov. Phil Murphy issued a stay-at-home order for residents that lasts until he revokes or modifies it. Exceptions include going out for food, goods and services, to seek medical care or to exercise. The order expands the closure of casinos, gyms and movie theaters to include the storefront premises of any nonessential retail businesses. Essential businesses, including supermarkets, pharmacies, banks and certain repair shops, may remain open, and nonessential enterprises may operate online. Dining establishments are limited to takeout and delivery services.
• New Mexico: Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced that under a public health order, the gathering of five or more people is prohibited and residents must stay at home. The order exempts those who live together as well as places of worship. Nonessential businesses must cease operations or have employees telecommute. Essential businesses, such as those providing food or health care services, remain open. State parks are closed, but residents are allowed outside to hike or walk. The order lasts through April 10. Lujan Grisham also ordered any travelers arriving in New Mexico by air to self-quarantine for 14 days.
• New York: All schools, casinos, gyms and movie theaters were already ordered closed and Gov. Andrew Cuomo had also limited bars and restaurants to takeout and delivery. Beauty salons, nail salons, barber shops and tattoo parlors have been ordered closed. Groceries, gas stations, pharmacies and some other essential businesses can stay open. Cuomo said all businesses must have 100 percent of their employees working from home, except those that need to provide essential services. He has encouraged, but not yet ordered, businesses to close each day at 8 p.m. The governor also plans to order that beginning sometime next week all noncritical elective surgeries be postponed.
New York Mayor Bill de Blasio ordered all senior centers in the city to close.
• North Carolina: Gov. Roy Cooper ordered residents to stay at home starting at 5 p.m. March 30. Restaurants can remain open for pickup or delivery and food trucks can still operate as long as social distancing is in place. People can leave their residence for essentials such as getting supplies, to volunteer for charitable organizations and for outdoor activities where social distancing can be maintained. Bookstores that sell educational materials can remain open, but libraries and other nonessential businesses must close. The stay-at-home order lasts until April 29.
• North Dakota: Gov. Doug Burgum has closed restaurants, cafes and similar food establishments. Takeout and delivery options are still permitted. He also closed entertainment and fitness venues, such as movie theaters and health clubs, as well as spas and salons.
• Ohio: Gov. Mike DeWine announced a stay-at-home order that lasts until April 6. Trips are still allowed to grocery stores, pharmacies and gas stations, and for other essential tasks and work. Restaurants can remain open for takeout or delivery, as can other essential businesses like funeral homes, religious entities and hotels. Everyone using shared outdoor spaces must keep a distance of at least 6 feet, except for family members.
• Oklahoma: Gov. Kevin Stitt ordered travelers from six states (California, Connecticut, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York and Washington) to self-quarantine for 14 days upon entering Oklahoma. Previously, he signed an order recommending that people avoid social gatherings in groups of more than 10 and that older people stay at home.
• Oregon: Gov. Kate Brown ordered people to stay home and has prohibited nonessential gatherings of any size if a 6-foot distance cannot be maintained. She has closed many businesses, such as gyms, museums, spas and boutiques, that don’t offer pick-up or delivery services. The business prohibition exempts places like grocery stores and pharmacies. Previously, she closed the state’s bars and restaurants except for takeout and delivery options. The ban is scheduled to last until further notice.
• Pennsylvania: Gov. Tom Wolf extended a stay-at-home order to apply to 26 counties and last until April 30. He ordered nonessential businesses statewide to close. Those businesses include day programs for senior citizens, gyms, hair salons and concert venues, according to state guidance. Nail salons and tattoo parlors have also been ordered closed. The governor also announced that the tollbooths along the Pennsylvania Turnpike will stop taking cash. Pennsylvanians who lose work due to the coronavirus or the efforts to slow its spread may be eligible for unemployment or worker’s compensation.
• Rhode Island: Gov. Gina Raimondo ordered Rhode Island residents to stay and work at home until April 13. Exceptions are made for those getting necessities such as food, medicine or gas, or to exercise or traveling to work if telecommuting isn’t possible. She has prohibited public or private gatherings of more than five people. She also ordered any person arriving in Rhode Island from New York to self-quarantine for 14 days. Previously, she ordered all dine-in food and beverage service stopped for all restaurants, bars, coffee shops and other Rhode Island businesses at least until March 30. Drive-through, delivery and takeout service will continue. Raimondo also closed all Division of Motor Vehicle offices until further notice and all driving tests have been suspended. Residents whose licenses will soon expire will be given a 30-day grace period.
• South Carolina: Gov. Henry McMaster has ordered the closure of public beach access points, docks, boat ramps and piers for recreational use. He also ordered any individual entering South Carolina from Connecticut, New Jersey, New York or the city of New Orleans to self-quarantine for 14 days. Previously, he authorized law enforcement to prohibit public gatherings of more than three people if the officers determine a threat to public health. The order doesn’t apply to private businesses. McMaster ordered restaurants and bars to stop in-house services.
• South Dakota: Gov. Kristi Noem ordered South Dakotans to implement social distancing measures. She ordered enclosed retail businesses that require 10 or more people to gather to suspend or modify their business practices unless people can maintain a physical separation of 6 feet.
• Tennessee: Gov. Bill Lee has issued a stay-at-home advisory but stopped short of mandating it. He ordered nonessential businesses to close access or use by the public, but encouraged them to remain open for delivery and curbside business or telephone orders. He has suspended in-person dining at restaurants and closed gyms and fitness centers. Restaurants and other food establishments can still offer takeout and delivery. Lee has also prohibited social gatherings of 10 or more people, and he ordered people to not visit nursing homes or similar facilities except to provide essential assistance. He limited dental services and banned elective medical procedures.
• Texas: Gov. Greg Abbott issued an order mandating that all people who fly to Texas from Connecticut, New Jersey, New York or the city of New Orleans must self-isolate for 14 days. Travelers from the designated areas must fill out a form naming their quarantine location. The order remains until modified or rescinded. Previously, Abbott issued an executive order limiting social gatherings to 10 people and prohibiting eating and drinking at restaurants and bars but still allowing takeout. The order, effective through midnight on April 3, also closes gyms and bans people from visiting nursing homes except for critical care.
• Utah: Gov. Gary Herbert directed Utah residents to stay home until April 13. Previously, he ordered restaurants, bars and taverns to close. Takeout and drive-through service is still allowed. He also banned gatherings of more than 10 people.
• Vermont: Gov. Phil Scott ordered Vermonters to stay home until April 15. Activities outside the home are limited to essential reasons. He previously closed restaurants and bars except for takeout and delivery.
• Virginia: Gov. Ralph Northam has ordered that all individuals in Virginia stay at home until June 10. Exceptions include leaving to get food, seek medical care or visit the home of a family member. Outdoor recreation is acceptable as long as people abide by social distancing practices. Public beaches are closed to all activity except exercising or fishing. Restaurants are limited to carryout, curbside pickup or delivery. All recreation and entertainment services, such as bowling alleys, theaters, gyms and racetracks, remain closed. Nonessential retail shops can stay open if they allow fewer than 10 patrons and follow social distancing procedures.
• Washington: Gov. Jay Inslee issued a “Stay Home, Stay Healthy” order prohibiting people from social, spiritual or recreational gatherings of any size through April 6. People can leave home to participate in essential activities, such as getting food, pet supplies or work supplies. Outdoor exercise is permissible if social distancing practices are followed. The order also prohibits people from leaving home for work except for those employed in essential business services. Nonessential businesses must cease operations, except for basic minimum operation, through April 8. Inslee encouraged essential businesses to remain open while practicing appropriate social distancing and sanitation practices. The prohibition doesn’t apply to businesses where people can work from home and don’t come in contact with others.
• West Virginia: Gov. Jim Justice has issued a stay-at-home order. All residents should leave home only for essential needs. Taking a walk, riding a bike and other outdoor exercise are allowed, but people should stay at least 6 feet away from others. All nonessential businesses should close, and restaurants should offer only takeout, delivery or drive-through service.
• Wisconsin: Gov. Tony Evers has issued a “safer at home” order, which includes closing all nonessential businesses. It lasts until April 24. The order exempts people who provide essential services. “Folks need to start taking this seriously,” he said. The governor had previously ordered closures of theaters, museums, stadiums, conference rooms, meeting halls, bars, health and fitness centers and places of worship. The order exempts grocery stores, food pantries, childcare centers, pharmacies and hospitals.
• Wyoming: Under the direction of Gov. Mark Gordon, the Department of Health has prohibited gatherings of 10 people or more in a confined space, whether indoors or outdoors. Exemptions include grocery stores, pharmacies and live auctions. The Health Department closed bars, gyms, theaters, nightclubs, coffee shops, employee cafeterias, self-serve buffets, salad bars, unpackaged self-serve food services, conference rooms, museums and many other public spaces until April 17. Restaurants can still provide takeout and delivery. Hair salons, nail salons and other businesses that offer cosmetology services are also closed until April 17.
Editor’s Note: This story has been updated to reflect new information.