En español | Governors across the country are issuing orders and recommendations to their residents on the status of schools, businesses and public services as their states respond to the coronavirus outbreak.
All states have taken coronavirus-related actions, but restrictions vary, and so does the length of time the measures are in place. Here’s a look at each state’s restrictions:
• Alabama: At the direction of Gov. Kay Ivey (R), the state health officer has extended a safer-at-home order until 5 p.m. on March 5. People over age 6 must wear masks in indoor public spaces, when using a transportation service or when outdoors in gatherings of 10 or more. Nonwork get-togethers are allowed, but individuals from different households must maintain a 6-foot distance from one another. Restaurants, bars and breweries can offer dine-in service, but party size is capped at eight people. Tables or booths must be placed 6 feet apart or, if within 6 feet, must be separated by partitions. Hair salons and similar personal-care businesses must also keep clients 6 feet apart or separate clients by partitions if within 6 feet. Retail stores and gyms are among the businesses that must implement sanitation and social distancing practices. Beaches are open, but patrons must practice social distancing. As of Oct. 2, hospital, nursing and long-term care facilities have been allowed to permit residents to receive one visitor at a time, subject to other restrictions.
• Alaska: Gov. Mike Dunleavy (R) modified a travel mandate that requires those arriving in Alaska to show a negative COVID-19 test or agree to be tested on arrival ($250). Self-quarantining for 14 days is no longer an option for nonresidents (Alaska residents returning to the state can opt to self-quarantine for two weeks). Critical infrastructure workers are exempt. Previously, Dunleavy permitted all businesses, including restaurants, hair salons, gyms, museums and entertainment venues to reopen at 100 percent capacity. Safeguards are recommended. In group gatherings, individuals from separate households are encouraged to maintain a 6-foot distance from one another. Local authorities and private businesses can enact stricter requirements.
• Arizona: Gov. Doug Ducey (R) signed an order allowing restaurants to extend their premises for outdoor dining services. Restaurants can offer indoor dining service but must limit occupancy and must separate parties by at least 6 feet. Ducey also modified the rules for large gatherings. Organized events with more than 50 people are prohibited, but local authorities can approve them if certain safety precautions are met. Once approved, the local jurisdiction must post the mitigation efforts on its website and submit its plan to the state health department. Previously, Ducey and the Arizona Department of Health Services released requirements and guidelines for bars, gyms, movie theaters and water parks to reopen. Under the new guidance, the businesses can operate at a limited capacity if certain benchmarks are met. Travelers are free to visit the state without quarantining or providing proof of a negative COVID-19 test.
On Dec. 30, Ducey extended an order on driver’s license renewals. A standard driver’s license in Arizona expires when individuals turn 65, and renewal requires an in-office visit. Ducey’s extension will allow seniors with a license that expires between March 1, 2020, and Feb. 28, 2021, to defer renewal for one year from the expiration date.
• Arkansas: Under the direction of Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R), the health department modified a directive pertaining to indoor venues, such as movies theaters, museums and recreational facilities. With an approved plan, indoor entertainment venues can have events at up to 66 percent of capacity if physical distancing can be maintained. No approved plan is required for gatherings of 10 people or fewer (down from 100 people). The new directive took effect Jan. 2 and lasts until March 1.
The state moved to phase 2 of its reopening plan on June 15. Restaurants can expand to 66 percent seating capacity for indoor or outdoor dining services, as long as other restrictions are followed. Until Feb. 3, restaurants, bars and similar establishments that serve alcohol must close by 11 p.m. Gyms, fitness centers, hair salons and spas can operate if they have safety precautions in place. Visitor centers at state parks and shops can reopen, and residents can rent cabins and lodges. Gatherings of more than 10 people in an indoor or outdoor space aren’t allowed. (The directive doesn’t apply to unenclosed outdoor spaces, such as hiking trails or driving ranges, if people practice social distancing.) Everyone 10 or older must wear a mask, whether indoors or outdoors ,if they are with non-household members and social distancing cannot be maintained. (Face coverings aren’t required at private residences.) Previously, Hutchinson issued an order protecting businesses from liability for damages or injury relating to coronavirus exposure. There is an exception for “willful, malicious or intentional misconduct.”
• California: Under the direction of Gov. Gavin Newsom (D), the health department has lifted a regional stay-at-home order that would go into effect if a region’s intensive care unit availability fell below 15 percent. All regions are now under the state’s Blueprint for a Safer Economy, where each county falls into one of four color-coded tiers: purple (where the virus is most widespread), red, orange and yellow (where the virus is least prevalent). Individuals who live in a purple tier county are prohibited from engaging in activities outside the home or gathering with others between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m.
Previously, Newsom permitted gatherings statewide, but no more than three households could attend, and the space had to be big enough to allow people to practice social distancing. In purple tier areas, only outdoor gatherings are allowed. Restaurants can offer only outdoor dining, and retail stores must limit capacity to 25 percent. Hair salons and barbershops can offer indoor service, with restrictions. Gyms and fitness centers can open only outdoors. Many other nonessential businesses — such as nightclubs, theme parks and concert venues — remain closed.
In red tier counties, restaurants can resume indoor dining at 25 percent capacity or 100 patrons, whichever is fewer. Retail stores may operate at 50 percent capacity, and museums can open indoors at 25 percent capacity. For counties in the orange tier, bars and breweries that don’t serve food are among businesses that can open for outdoor service. For counties in the yellow tier, most businesses can reopen but must follow safety precautions.
For a full list of restrictions, visit covid19.ca.gov. Newsom has ordered everyone to wear a face mask in public spaces; children under age 2 and people with certain medical disabilities are among those exempt. He also signed a bill into law that requires businesses to report COVID-19 outbreaks to local officials as well as any employees who may have been exposed to the virus while at work.
• Colorado: Under the direction of Gov. Jared Polis (D), the health department amended and extended the state’s safer-at-home and stay-at-home orders. Counties fall into one of six color-coded levels of risk, depending on the incidents of COVID-19. Level green is the least restrictive, under which businesses can operate at 50 percent capacity or 500 people, whichever is smaller. In level-blue counties, public and private gatherings cannot exceed 10 participants or people from more than two households. Restaurants, indoor event venues and houses of worship can operate at 50 percent capacity or 175 people, whichever is smaller. In yellow counties, public and private gatherings cannot exceed 10 participants or people from more than two households. Restaurants can operate at 50 percent capacity, with a maximum of 50 people per room (the maximum might be higher for larger establishments). In orange counties, public and private gatherings cannot exceed 10 participants or people from more than two households. Restaurants can operate at 25 percent capacity, with a maximum of 50 patrons per room. In red counties, restaurants must halt indoor dining, but outdoor table service, delivery and takeout are permitted. Gatherings with members outside the household are prohibited, and indoor events are closed. Limited exceptions include gatherings at houses of worship, which can operate indoors at 25 percent capacity or 50 people (whichever is smaller). Outdoor events are limited to 25 percent capacity or 75 people (whichever is smaller). Retail stores can operate at 50 percent capacity and personal care services at 25 percent capacity. Gyms can operate at 10 percent capacity, with a maximum of 10 people. No counties are in the most restrictive purple level. The amended order took effect Jan. 6 and will last for 30 days.
A mask mandate remains in effect. People 11 and older must wear a face covering in indoor public spaces or while using public transportation or ride-hailing services. Workplaces can deny service or admission to customers who aren’t wearing a face mask. An organization can request a waiver from the state for certain indoor activities if wearing a mask during an activity is not practical.
• Connecticut: Gov. Ned Lamont (D) rolled the state back to Phase 2.1 (from Phase 3) of its reopening plan. Restaurants must restrict indoor dining to 50 percent capacity and close by 10 p.m., among other restrictions. Events at commercial venues and entertainment venues, such as movie theaters and bowling alleys, must also close by 10 p.m. Personal-service businesses and libraries can remain at 75 percent capacity, among other Phase 3 rules. Indoor performing arts centers can operate at 50 percent capacity, with a cap of 100 people, and participants must maintain a 6-foot distance from others. At private residences, indoor and outdoor gatherings are capped at 10 people. At commercial venues, indoor events are capped at 25 people and outdoor gatherings are capped at 50. Lamont authorized local health directors to impose a $10,000 fine per violation on businesses that hold events over capacity limits. Previously, he ordered anyone over age 2 to wear a face covering in public places, indoors or outdoors, when social distancing cannot be maintained. Masks must be worn at gyms and fitness centers even with social distancing. Most recently, the governor amended a travel mandate. Visitors arriving from out of the state or country must fill out a health form and self-quarantine for 10 days. To avoid self-quarantine, travelers can show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken 72 hours prior to arrival. Essential workers are exempt, as are travelers arriving from New York, New Jersey or Rhode Island.
• Delaware: Gov. John Carney (D) modified and extended restrictions on phase 2 reopenings. As of Jan. 8, restaurants no longer have to close on-premises dining between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. However, restaurants must limit indoor dining to 30 percent of the venue’s fire occupancy. Only customers from the same household can sit together at a table. Parties cannot exceed more than four adults and six people total. Retail stores, gyms and most other businesses can operate at limited capacity, depending on square footage, with restrictions. Indoor gatherings at private residences cannot exceed 10 people. Public indoor gatherings are limited to 30 percent of the venue’s fire occupancy or 10 people (whichever is smaller). Outdoor public gatherings are capped at 50 people, but larger groups can gather with permission from the health department. Individuals must wear a face covering when in indoor public places, including grocery stores and on mass transit, and when in outdoor public spaces where social distancing cannot be maintained.
Carney extended an advisory that encourages individuals to stay at home except for work, school or other essential activities, but that does not require it. He also advised individuals to refrain from socializing with anyone outside the household. The advisory, originally due to expire Jan. 11, is now in place until further notice.
• District of Columbia: According to a tweet by John Falcicchio, chief of staff to Mayor Muriel Bowser (D), indoor dining can resume at 25 percent capacity on Jan. 22. In December, Bowser had suspended some Phase 2 activities. The closure of museums and libraries is also set to expire Jan. 22, allowing them to reopen at 25 percent capacity. Grocery stores and big-box retailers can continue to operate, but retail food sellers must implement social distancing and limit occupancy to safe levels.
Previously, Bowser prohibited high-contact team sports, such as basketball, football and soccer. High schools, recreation centers and sports clubs must suspend all physical sports and organized athletic activities for high schoolers. Middle schoolers and younger students can continue with drills or clinics for high-contact sports, as long as there is no physical contact among players and groups don’t exceed 12 people.
Individuals visiting Washington from areas with a high rate of infection must either get a coronavirus test 72 hours before arrival and be tested again three to five days after arrival or must self-quarantine for 14 days. District residents returning from other states must limit their activities for two weeks or get tested upon their return; residents of Maryland and Virginia are exempt. Bowser ordered people older than 2 to wear a mask when leaving their residence if more than fleeting contact with others is likely.
• Florida: Gov. Ron DeSantis (R) signed an order lifting most coronavirus-related restrictions and moving the state to Phase 3 of its reopening plan, under which all businesses can reopen. Restaurants and bars are no longer subject to occupancy restrictions. However, city or county governments can impose occupancy limits on restaurants and bars (to as low as 50 percent capacity) if authorities state in the local order why the restriction is necessary for public health. DeSantis’ new order also removes fees or penalties for individuals who don’t follow social distancing practices, including mask mandates. The order went into effect Sept. 25.
• Georgia: Gov. Brian Kemp (R) signed an order extending restrictions related to COVID-19 through Jan. 31. People living in long-term care facilities and other at-risk individuals, such as those with severe lung or heart disease, must continue to shelter in place. Kemp has strongly encouraged all residents to wear a face mask while outside their home but stopped short of requiring it. Gatherings of up to 50 people are allowed, but participants must maintain a 6-foot distance from one another. Restaurants must adhere to strict sanitation and social distancing guidelines. Gyms, hair salons and movie theaters are among businesses that can operate, with restrictions.
• Hawaii: Gov. David Ige (D) mandated that people arriving in Hawaii from out of state must show a negative COVID-19 test result obtained within 72 hours pre-travel or self-quarantine for 10 days. Some islands require a second test, post-arrival. As of Dec. 2, travelers arriving in Kauai must quarantine for 14 days with or without a negative test. A statewide mask mandate requires individuals age 5 and over to wear a face mask in public spaces. Most of the state is under the Act With Care plan for reopening, which allows many businesses to resume operations, with restrictions. Each county has its own restrictions on gatherings.
• Idaho: On Dec. 30, Gov. Brad Little (R) signed an order that outlines restrictions in response to the coronavirus. The state is in stage 2 of its reopening plan. Indoor or outdoor gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited, and social distancing must be maintained at gatherings that are allowed. Religious and political gatherings are exempt, as are gatherings among individuals who live in the same household. Restaurants, bars and nightclubs can operate. Tables must be spaced 6 feet apart, and customers must remain seated unless arriving, leaving or using the restroom. Little has not issued a statewide mask mandate, but individuals over age 5 must wear a mask at long-term care facilities. Businesses may remain open but must take steps to limit close interactions when serving patrons, among other restrictions. The order remains in effect until it’s amended, superseded or rescinded.
• Illinois: After placing all of the state in Tier 3 mitigation measures last November, Gov. J.B. Pritzker (D) announced that regions that have met certain benchmarks can move to looser Tier 2 or Tier 1 restrictions. For regions remaining in Tier 3, businesses should have employees work remotely as much as possible. Restaurants and bars must close between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and cannot offer indoor service. Outdoor dining is permitted, but reservations are required, tables must be spaced 6 feet apart and party size is limited to six people. Movie theaters, bowling alleys and other indoor recreational venues must close. Grocery stores must limit capacity to 50 percent, and retail stores may not surpass 25 percent capacity. Gyms and fitness centers must also limit capacity to 25 percent and cannot hold indoor classes. Personal-care services must limit capacity to 25 percent, with a maximum of 25 people. People are encouraged to gather only with those in their household.
Under Tier 2, restaurants and bars must follow the same rules as Tier 3. People are encouraged to limit gatherings to 10 people. Cultural institutions can reopen with restrictions, and indoor fitness classes of up to 10 people are allowed. Under Tier 1, restaurants and bars may offer indoor service at 25 percent capacity or 25 guests, whichever is smaller. Party size is limited to four, with a two-hour time limit. The 11 p.m. curfew still applies. Most businesses in Tier 1 fall under the Phase 4 rules of the original Restore Illinois plan, established last year.
A statewide mask mandate requires anyone over age 2 to wear a face covering when indoors in a public space or when outside if a 6-foot distance between people cannot be maintained.
• Indiana: Gov. Eric Holcomb (R) extended an order through Jan. 31 that implements a county-by-county approach to restrictions. Counties designated as red (with the highest risk of coronavirus spread) must limit social gatherings to 25 people. Counties designated as orange must limit social gatherings to 50 people. Counties designated as yellow must limit social gatherings to 100 people, and counties designated as blue to 250 people. A statewide mask mandate remains in effect. People must wear a face covering when in an indoor public space, when outdoors if social distancing cannot be maintained, and when using public transportation. As of Jan. 3, hospitals no longer had to suspend in-patient elective medical procedures, but hospitals should postpone such procedures if doing so is necessary to provide sufficient capacity for COVID patients. Previously, Holcomb lifted nearly all restrictions on businesses.
Indianapolis Mayor Joe Hogsett (D) previously announced that in Marion County, indoor bars, gyms, museums and other entertainment venues must limit capacity to 25 percent. Restaurants must limit indoor dining services to 50 percent capacity and may not seat parties larger than six.
• Iowa: Gov. Kim Reynolds (R) signed an order extending a mask mandate and other restrictions through Feb. 6. Individuals age 2 and older must wear a mask in public indoor spaces if they’re within 6 feet of others from outside their household for 15 minutes or longer. Exceptions include when exercising, when participating in a religious gathering, or when eating or drinking at a restaurant. Restaurants, bars and similar food and drink establishments must seat parties 6 feet apart and cannot seat groups with more than eight people. Other nonessential businesses, such as amusement parks, movie theaters, museums, hair salons, barbershops, gyms, retail stores and massage parlors, can resume operations if safety precautions are taken. Mass gatherings and events have no limits on size, but people must practice social distancing.
• Kansas: Gov. Laura Kelly (D) issued a mask mandate, effective Nov. 25. Individuals over age 5 must wear a face covering in indoor public spaces, when obtaining health care services, while using transportation services, or in outdoor public spaces if a 6-foot distance between non-household members cannot be maintained. Businesses must also require employees, customers and visitors to wear a face mask when in an enclosed space where social distancing cannot be maintained, or when in an area where food is being prepared or packaged, among other circumstances. Counties can opt out of the mandate or issue their own. Previously, Kelly announced that counties should come up with their own plans to reopen businesses. A statewide plan to restart the economy in phases offers guidance, but counties aren’t required to follow it. The state Department of Health and Environment mandated a 14-day home quarantine for people arriving in Kansas who traveled to certain states or countries with widespread transmission or attended an out-of-state mass gathering and didn’t wear a mask and practice social distancing. The mandate also applies to anyone who traveled on a cruise ship on or after March 15.
• Kentucky: After forcing restaurants to close indoor dining in early December, Gov. Andy Beshear (D) signed an order permitting restaurants and bars to reopen for indoor dining at 50 percent capacity. Restaurants and bars must stop food and drink service by 11 p.m. and close by midnight. Delivery and pickup may continue after those hours. A restriction on private indoor gatherings has expired, but Beshear continues to recommend a cap of 8 people and no more than a mix of two households. Indoor event venues, theaters and gyms must limit occupancy to 50 percent capacity. Retail stores and personal care services, such as hair salons, must also limit capacity to 50 percent. Previously, Beshear extended a mask mandate that requires anyone over age 5 to wear a face covering while inside a public space, while using public transportation or while outdoors if social distancing cannot be maintained.
• Louisiana: Gov. John Bel Edwards (D) extended a modified version of phase 2 restrictions of the state’s reopening plan until Feb. 10. Restaurants must reduce indoor dining capacity to 50 percent and must stop serving alcohol by 11 p.m., among other restrictions. Bars must suspend indoor food and drink consumption in parishes with a high rate of COVID-19. Outdoor service is permitted, but seating is capped at 50 patrons. For parishes with a low positivity rate, bars can reopen for indoor dining at a limited capacity, and alcohol service must stop at 11 p.m. Hair salons, beauty shops and gyms are among businesses that must reduce capacity to 50 percent (down from 75 percent) and close waiting areas, among other restrictions. Retail stores must also limit capacity to 50 percent. Amusement parks, concert halls and children’s indoor play centers are among businesses that must remain closed. Indoor social gatherings are capped at 75 people or 25 percent capacity of the facility. Outdoor social gatherings are capped at 150 people or 25 percent capacity unless individuals from separate households can maintain a 6-foot distance from one another. People 8 and older must wear a mask in public spaces, indoors or outdoors, unless social distancing can be maintained.
• Maine: Gov. Janet Mills (D) extended an order imposing tighter restrictions to curb the spread of the coronavirus until further notice. Restaurants, bars, movie theaters and performing arts venues are among businesses that must close by 9 p.m. The state is in phase 4 of its reopening plan. Indoor gatherings are limited to 50 people, including at restaurants, movie theaters and other businesses with indoor seating. A 6-foot distance between seating areas is required, among other precautions. Bars and tasting rooms can offer outdoor dining but no indoor service. Gyms and other indoor businesses without seating must cap occupancy at 50 people. Retail businesses can allow five people per 1,000 square feet. Outdoor gatherings will remain limited to 100 people. Face coverings are mandatory statewide for anyone 5 and older in public spaces, even if social distancing can be maintained. A travel mandate requires those visiting Maine to show a negative COVID-19 test or opt to self-quarantine for 10 days. Travelers from some states, including Vermont and New Hampshire, are exempt.
• Maryland: Gov. Larry Hogan (R) rolled back some of the state’s reopening plans in response to a spike in cases. Effective Nov. 20, retail stores and religious centers had to restrict operations to 50 percent of the venue’s maximum occupancy (down from 75 percent). Fitness centers and personal-service businesses, such as beauty salons and barbershops, can operate at 50 percent capacity, with restrictions. Senior centers remain closed. Restaurants must restrict dine-in service to 50 percent capacity (down from 75 percent) and close for on-premises dining between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Restaurants continue to be prohibited from offering buffets, among other measures. Under Hogan’s direction, the health department has recommended a cap of 25 people on private indoor and outdoor gatherings. Previously, Hogan issued a mask mandate requiring people over age 5 to wear a face covering in the public spaces of all businesses or areas outdoors where social distancing cannot be maintained.
In Montgomery County, new restrictions went into effect Dec. 15 after they were unanimously approved by the County Council. County Executive Marc Elrich’s (D) order prohibits indoor dining, reduces capacity for retail stores to one customer per 200 square feet and caps indoor gatherings for nonprofessional sports to 10 people, and outdoor gatherings to 25.
• Massachusetts: Gov. Charlie Baker (R) extended until 5 a.m. on Feb. 8 an order on capacity limitations and gathering restrictions. Indoor gatherings are capped at 10 people, and outdoor get-togethers are limited to 25, whether at a private residence, at an event venue or in a public space. Restaurants, retail stores, offices, places of worship, gyms and museums are among businesses that must reduce capacity to 25 percent. Movie theaters can operate at 25 percent capacity, with a 50-person limit per room. Indoor performance venues must remain closed. Everyone over age 5 must wear a mask in public places, indoors and outdoors. Masks must also be worn in gyms and athletic facilities at all times.
Previously, Baker ordered travelers entering the state, including returning residents, to self-quarantine for 10 days or show a negative COVID-19 test result. Visitors from states with low rates of COVID-19 are among those who are exempt.
• Michigan: Effective as of Jan. 16, the health department updated restrictions on group exercise classes and non-contact sports. Gyms, pools and ice rinks are among fitness venues open for individual exercise and can now allow indoor group classes. Non-contact sports can also resume. Indoor gatherings are prohibited at nonresidential venues. Indoor gatherings at private residences are limited to 10 people and cannot include people from more than two households. Outdoor gatherings at private residences are capped at 25 people with members from no more than three households. Limits on outdoor gatherings at nonresidences vary depending on whether there is fixed seating, but max out at 25 people. Restaurants, bars and other food establishments must continue to shutter indoor dining. Outdoor dining, takeout and delivery are allowed. Movie theaters, bowling alleys and casinos can reopen with restrictions, but nightclubs must remain closed. Personal-care businesses, such as hair salons, can remain open but must follow contact tracing requirements. The order lasts through Jan. 31. A mask mandate remains in effect. Individuals age 5 and older must wear a face mask at gatherings. Exceptions include while eating or drinking or while exercising outdoors if a 6-foot distance from others can be consistently maintained.
On Oct. 2, the Michigan Supreme Court struck down orders from Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) outlining pandemic-related restrictions. The court ruled that a 1945 law Whitmer relied on to issue the orders was unconstitutional, and that the governor thus lacked the authority for her actions. In response to the ruling, the state health department has issued the new orders by drawing on another law.
• Minnesota: Gov. Tim Walz (D) signed an order that loosens restrictions for businesses, effective at 11:59 p.m. on Jan 10. Restaurants can reopen indoor dining at 50 percent capacity, with a maximum of 150 people. Parties are limited to six people and in-dining services must close by 10 p.m. Takeout and delivery are permitted. Gyms and fitness centers can continue to operate at 25 percent capacity or 150 people, whichever is smaller. Group workout classes of up to 25 people are allowed under the new order, and masks must be worn in gyms and fitness centers at all times. Outdoor entertainment venues can operate at 25 percent capacity, with a maximum of 250 people. Social distancing must be maintained. Indoor entertainment venues can reopen at 25 percent capacity, with a maximum of 150 people. Personal care businesses, such as hair salons and tattoo parlors, can remain open, but customers must make an appointment; capacity is limited to 50 percent and social distancing practices must be implemented.
Gathering restrictions at private residences and non-venue settings remain in place. Members from no more than two households can gather indoors, with a maximum of 10 people. Outdoors, members from no more than three households can gather, with a maximum of 15 people. Previously, Walz ordered people over age 5 to wear a mask when inside a business or public space or when using public transportation, a taxi or a ride-hailing service. Workers must wear a mask outdoors if social distancing cannot be maintained.
• Mississippi: Gov. Tate Reeves (R) extended a mandate until Feb. 3 that requires people in counties with high infection rates to wear a face mask in public spaces. Individuals statewide must wear masks when inside a school. The order also extends restrictions on social gatherings. When social distancing cannot be maintained, indoor gatherings are limited to 10 people and those held outside are restricted to 50. Some gatherings are exempt, such as those of religious organizations or students meeting in classrooms. Bars and restaurants may serve alcohol only to seated patrons and not after 11 p.m. Customers must be screened for illness prior to entry, and party size cannot exceed 10. Movie theaters and auditoriums must limit ticket sales to 50 percent of seating capacity. Most other businesses must limit customers or visitors to 75 percent capacity and implement safety precautions. Health care facilities that perform nonelective procedures must reserve 10 percent of their capacity for COVID-19 patients.
• Missouri: Gov. Mike Parson (R) announced that the state will fully reopen on June 16. According to a press release issued by the governor’s office, “All statewide restrictions will be lifted, though local officials will still have the authority to put further rules, regulations or ordinances in place.” Parson encouraged people to maintain social distancing and take precautions, such as practicing good hygiene and avoiding large crowds.
• Montana: Gov. Greg Gianforte (R) issued a directive that lifts most coronavirus-related restrictions put in place by his predecessor, Steve Bullock. Effective Jan. 15, restaurants, bars and casinos no longer have to close by 10 p.m. Businesses no longer have to abide by capacity restrictions but instead should develop and implement appropriate social distancing, safety and sanitation practices. The directive also lifts the 25-person cap on public gatherings and states that public gatherings or events should follow CDC guidelines. The governor said he is keeping a mask mandate in place for now. Individuals age 5 and older should wear a mask in indoor public spaces or at outdoor organized activities where social distancing cannot be maintained.
• Nebraska: Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) announced changes to the state’s directed health measures. Effective Dec. 24, the state moved from the yellow to the blue phase of its reopening plan. Restaurants, bars, gyms, fitness centers and salons are among businesses that can operate at 100 percent capacity and without restrictions; however, guidance remains in place. For example, Ricketts recommends that restaurants limit parties to eight people and keep patrons seated except in limited circumstances, such as when placing an order or using the restroom. Gatherings at theaters, arenas, stadiums, auctions and similar establishments can increase to 75 percent capacity if indoors (up from 50 percent) and 100 percent capacity if outdoors. Parties are encouraged to maintain a 6-foot distance from one another but are not required to. Businesses are encouraged to follow recommended guidance. Elective medical procedures can resume.
• Nevada: As cases of COVID-19 continue to rise, Gov. Steve Sisolak (D) announced that he will extend current restrictions another 30 days. The mitigation measures were due to expire Jan. 15. Private gatherings cannot exceed more than 10 people and cannot include members from more than two households. Public gatherings are capped at 25 percent capacity or 50 people, whichever is smaller. Large events are temporarily suspended. Businesses can remain open, but restaurants, bars and gyms are among those that must operate at 25 percent fire-code capacity. Retail and grocery stores can continue to operate at 50 percent fire-code capacity, with other safety and sanitation protocols in place. People over age 9 must wear a face covering whenever they leave home, indoors or outdoors, including at private gatherings or at an indoor gym, fitness center or dance studio.
• New Hampshire: Gov. Chris Sununu (R) extended a mask mandate through March 26. The order requires individuals over age 5 to wear face coverings in indoor or outdoor public spaces if social distancing with people from other households cannot be maintained. Exceptions include people who are exercising, in school, or eating or drinking. Restaurants can offer both indoor and outdoor service, but tables should be spaced 6 feet apart, among other guidelines. Gyms can reopen at 50 percent capacity. Previously, Sununu permitted retail stores, hair salons, barbershops and similar businesses to reopen, with restrictions. Travelers, visitors and residents arriving in the state must meet self-quarantine restrictions. Exceptions include those arriving from another New England state who traveled for essential purposes.
• New Jersey: Gov. Phil Murphy (D) let restrictions for youth and adult indoor sports and outdoor gatherings expire Jan. 2. Indoor practices and games for organized sports can now resume with a 10-person limit (indoor interstate youth sports are still prohibited). Gyms and fitness centers can continue to offer classes and lessons. As of Dec. 7, indoor gatherings are capped at 10 people and outdoor gatherings cannot exceed 25 people. Weddings, funerals, religious and political activities are exempt from the outdoor gathering limits and, if indoors, are limited to 25 percent of the room’s capacity or 150 people. Movie theaters and other indoor entertainment venues must also limit capacity to 25 percent or 150 people (whichever is smaller).
Previously, Murphy ordered restaurants, bars and other food establishments to stop offering indoor service between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. (outdoor dining, takeout and delivery are allowed). Seating at bar areas is prohibited. Restaurants and similar establishments must also limit capacity to 25 percent; however, they can place tables closer than 6 feet apart if a physical barrier is in place. Personal care businesses, such as nail salons and barbershops, must take appointments and perform temperature checks, among other requirements. Murphy ordered people to wear face coverings when outside in public spaces if social distancing cannot be maintained. Wearing cloth masks is required in grocery stores and other indoor public spaces, including indoor gatherings.
• New Mexico: Under the direction of Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham (D), the health department moved to a color-coded framework where a county’s restrictions depend on virus risk. In high-risk red counties, indoor dining isn’t permitted, outdoor dining is limited to 25 percent capacity and food establishments that serve alcohol must close by 9 p.m. Most businesses can operate at 25 percent capacity with maximum customer limits that depend on the type of establishment (for example, close-contact businesses are capped at 10 people). Gatherings are limited to 5 people. In yellow counties, gathering limits increase to 10 people. Restaurants can operate at 25 capacity indoors, 75 percent capacity outdoors and, if they serve alcohol, must close by 10 p.m. Customer limits at other businesses can increase. In green counties, gatherings of up to 20 people are allowed. Restaurants can operate at 50 percent capacity indoors and 75 percent capacity outdoors. Most other businesses can operate at 50 percent capacity. Essential businesses aren’t subject to capacity restrictions. Individuals statewide must wear a mask when in a public space.
• New York: Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) shut down indoor dining in New York City restaurants, effective Dec. 14. Outdoor dining, takeout and delivery is still allowed. Previously, Cuomo announced new statewide restrictions in response to the spike in COVID-19 cases. Effective Nov. 13, indoor and outdoor private gatherings are limited to 10 people. Restaurants and gyms are among businesses that must close between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. Out-of-state travelers arriving in New York who want to opt out of a 14-day quarantine requirement must get tested within three days before arriving, quarantine for three days upon arrival and get tested again on day four. Both tests must be negative to avoid a 14-day quarantine. Essential workers and travelers from bordering states are exempt. Individuals over age 2 must wear a face mask in public if social distancing cannot be maintained. The governor also issued an order permitting businesses to deny entry to anyone who is not wearing a mask. Cuomo extended a pause on evictions for those who cannot pay rent because of a COVID-19 hardship.
The state is in phase 4 of its reopening plan. Restaurants in regions outside of New York City can resume dine-in service at 50 percent capacity. Zoos, nature parks, outdoor museums and other low-risk outdoor arts and entertainment venues can reopen at 33 percent capacity; indoor arts and entertainment venues can open at 25 percent capacity; and gyms and fitness centers can operate at 33 percent capacity. Movie theaters can reopen in some counties at 25 percent capacity, with no more than 50 people per theater. Areas that fall within a micro-cluster zone must follow tighter restrictions. For example, in red cluster zones, all nonessential businesses must close. In orange cluster zones, high-risk nonessential businesses, such as gyms, can open at 25 percent capacity. And in yellow cluster zones, all nonessential businesses can open with guidelines.
• North Carolina: Gov. Roy Cooper (D) and the state health department extended a modified stay-at-home order through 5 p.m. on Jan. 29. Individuals must stay home between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. Exceptions include leaving the home for work, food or medical care. Certain businesses, such as restaurants, entertainment venues and most retail businesses, must also close during those hours. Restaurants can continue to offer takeout and delivery after 10 p.m. Alcohol service for on-premises consumption is prohibited between the hours of 9 p.m. and 7 a.m. Grocery stores and gas stations are among businesses exempt from the nighttime closures. The order also extended gathering restrictions. Indoor gatherings are capped at 10 people. Outdoor gatherings are capped at 50 people. Social distancing must be practiced.
Previously, Cooper amended a mask mandate. Unless at home, individuals age 5 and older must wear a face covering in any indoor place when around people outside of their household whether or not social distancing can be maintained. Individuals must also wear a mask outdoors unless a physical distance of 6 feet among those outside the household can be consistently maintained. Masks must be worn while exercising in gyms or exercising outdoors within 6 feet of a non-household member.
• North Dakota: Under the direction of Gov. Doug Burgum (R), the state health officer extended a mask mandate that requires individuals age 5 and older to wear a mask in indoor public spaces and businesses or when outdoors when social distancing cannot be maintained. The mandate lasts until Jan. 18. Burgum also extended until Jan. 8 restrictions on certain businesses amid a surge of COVID-19 cases. Restaurants and other food establishments must limit services to 50 percent capacity or 150 people, whichever is smaller. In-person dining is prohibited between 10 p.m. and 4 a.m., but takeout and delivery is still allowed during that time. Event venues, such as ballrooms, are limited to 25 percent capacity with a cap on the number of people. The cap differs based on the designation for each county under the state’s Smart Restart plan.
• Ohio: Gov. Mike DeWine (R) announced he will extend a curfew past Jan. 23, when the order is set to expire, but he did not say how long the extension will last. Individuals must stay in their homes between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. Exceptions include leaving to go to work, to the grocery store or for other emergencies or essentials. People statewide are required to wear face coverings when inside a location that is not a residence, when using public transportation or when outside if a 6-foot distance between non-household members cannot be maintained. Children younger than 10 and individuals with certain medical conditions are among those exempt. Stores are required to have signs about face coverings and to ensure that employees and customers wear masks. A retail compliance unit will conduct inspections to make sure stores are complying with the order. Gatherings of more than 10 people have been prohibited since April.
Under the current health advisory to reopen the state’s economy, gyms and other fitness venues can resume operations if they follow safety protocols. Restaurants can offer table service indoors, with restrictions. Restaurants and bars are banned from selling alcohol after 10 p.m. Retail stores may reopen, but certain sanitation and social distancing practices must be implemented. Hair salons and other close-care businesses can reopen, provided they abide by strict sanitation rules. Nonessential medical procedures may resume, and nonessential offices and construction and manufacturing businesses may restart operations. Some sports competitions can resume, but strict restrictions, such as daily symptom assessments, must be in place. DeWine also advised travelers arriving in Ohio from states with a high rate of COVID-19 to self-quarantine for 14 days, but he stopped short of requiring it.
• Oklahoma: Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) announced in November that restaurants and bars must space tables 6 feet apart and close in-dining service by 11 p.m. (takeout and delivery are still allowed). A group of business owners sued Stitt over the restrictions. On Jan. 8, a county judge extended a temporary restraining order that allows the restaurants and bars to remain open past the curfew. Most counties are in the moderate (orange) phase for COVID-19 risk. Guidance for individuals in this phase encourages small gatherings, limiting travel and wearing a face mask in public spaces. Guidance for businesses includes offering teleworking options for employees when possible. Businesses should also implement sanitation and social distancing practices. Previously, Stitt ordered that individuals wear masks in state buildings.
• Oregon: After a two-week freeze that ended on Dec. 2, Gov. Kate Brown (D) announced a new framework to determine coronavirus-related restrictions. Current restrictions depend on a county’s risk level. In red counties, businesses must require remote work if possible. Indoor dining is prohibited. Outdoor dining is capped at 50 people and cannot include more than six individuals in a party. Retail stores can operate at 50 percent occupancy. Houses of worship may operate at 25 percent occupancy with a maximum of 100 people indoors or 150 people outdoors. Movie theaters, gyms and other indoor entertainment and recreational venues must close. Private gatherings, indoors or outdoors, cannot exceed six people. In orange counties, up to eight people are permitted for outdoor private gatherings. Restaurants can offer indoor dining at 25 percent capacity or 50 people, whichever is smaller. Indoor entertainment and fitness facilities can also operate at 25 percent capacity or 50 people. In yellow counties, restaurants can offer indoor dining at 50 percent capacity with a maximum of 100 people, and outdoor dining with up to 150 people. Indoor private gatherings cannot exceed eight people and outdoor private gatherings are capped at 10. In green counties, indoor private gatherings of up to 10 people are allowed, while outdoor private gatherings are limited to 12 people. Restaurants, gyms and entertainment venues are among businesses that can operate at 50 percent capacity. In red, orange and yellow counties, food and drink establishments must close by 11 p.m. In green counties, food and drink establishments must close by midnight.
Previously, Brown ordered people 5 and older to wear face coverings in outdoor areas where a 6-foot distance cannot be maintained and in indoor public spaces.
• Pennsylvania: Gov. Tom Wolf’s (D) restrictions that shuttered many businesses over the holidays have expired. As of Jan. 4, restaurants, bars and other food businesses can resume indoor dining at limited capacity. Alcohol sales must stop after 11 p.m. each night. Gyms, fitness centers, movie theaters, museums and other indoor entertainment venues can also reopen at limited capacity. Caps on gathering limits are to be determined by using an occupancy calculator. Travelers and returning residents must show a negative COVID-19 test or opt to self-quarantine for 10 days. A mask mandate remains in effect. Individuals age 2 and older must wear a face covering in indoor public zones. Masks are also required outdoors if a 6-foot distance between non-household members cannot be maintained. Previously, the governor announced that Pennsylvania Turnpike tollbooths will stop taking cash.
• Rhode Island: Gov. Gina Raimondo’s (D) pause order ended Dec. 20 and new restrictions took effect Dec. 21. Closed businesses can reopen with limited capacity. Indoor dining at restaurants can operate at 50 percent capacity (up from 33 percent), but bar areas must remain closed. Only members of a single household can be seated at an indoor table. If seated outdoors, members of two households per table is allowed. Gyms, athletic facilities and venues of assembly, such as bowling alleys, can allow one person per 150 square feet. Retail stores can allow one person per 100 square feet. Houses of worship can offer indoor or outdoor services at 25 percent capacity, with a maximum of 125 people. Social gatherings should be limited to members of a single household, whether indoors or outdoors. Single parents or adults who live alone can gather with one other household, with a maximum of five people. Events with a licensed caterer or at a restaurant are capped at 15 people if indoors and 50 people if outdoors.
Previously, Raimondo issued a stay-at-home advisory between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m., Sundays through Thursdays, and 10:30 p.m. to 5 a.m., Fridays and Saturdays. Restaurants, gyms, athletic facilities and personal-services businesses must close early in accordance with the hours of the advisory. Individuals older than 2 must wear a face covering in public spaces, whether indoors or outdoors, if social distancing cannot be maintained. Face masks are also required when using taxis, ride-hailing services or similar transportation services. Anyone arriving in Rhode Island from an area with a high community COVID-19 spread rate must self-quarantine for 14 days or provide results of a negative coronavirus test.
• South Carolina: Gov. Henry McMaster (R) issued an order lifting occupancy limits on restaurants. Eateries can operate at 100 percent capacity but must continue to require patrons to wear a face covering when inside except when they are eating or drinking. Tables must be spaced at least 6 feet apart, and alcohol sales are prohibited after 11 p.m., among other restrictions. Restaurant patrons and staff must wear masks except when eating or drinking. Entertainment venues, such as theaters and concert halls, can reopen at 50 percent occupancy or 250 people (whichever is smaller). Masks are required at large gatherings. Other nonessential businesses can reopen; guidelines are recommended. Beaches are open, but the governor has authorized local authorities to close or restrict public access points if it’s necessary to protect visitors’ health.
• South Dakota: Gov. Kristi Noem signed an order putting the state’s “Back to Normal” plan in effect. The plan encourages employers to sanitize high-traffic areas and screen employees for illness. Retail businesses should operate in a manner that promotes social distancing and should consider limiting the number of customers inside their stores. The plan also encourages, but doesn’t require, older adults and other vulnerable individuals to stay at home.
• Tennessee: Gov. Bill Lee (R) signed an order limiting public gatherings to 10 people. Weddings, funerals and worship services are exempt. He encouraged business owners to permit employees to work from home. The order remains in effect through Jan. 19. Lee asked people to wear masks but stopped short of requiring it. Previously, Lee removed many coronavirus-related restrictions for businesses and gatherings in 89 counties. The state’s other six counties are subject to the restrictions of their health departments. People with COVID-19 or its symptoms are required to stay at home. Social distancing is still encouraged when individuals interact with others outside the household. Long-term care facilities may receive visitors if certain requirements are met. Lee extended a provision that permits local authorities to issue a face mask requirement.
• Texas: Gov. Greg Abbott (R) issued an order rolling back reopening plans in counties with a high COVID-19 hospitalization rates. Most businesses in areas with large numbers of hospitalizations must limit occupancy to 50 percent capacity. Abbott’s order also closes bars and suspends elective medical procedures in those areas. In areas with a low number of COVID-19 cases, most businesses can operate at 75 percent capacity. Religious services, local government operations and recreational sports programs are among organizations with no occupancy limits. Personal care establishments, such as barbershops and nail salons, also don’t have limits on the number of customers; however, there must be a 6-foot distance between workstations, among other precautions. Anyone 10 or older must wear a mask in indoor public spaces or when outside if a 6-foot distance from others cannot be maintained. Counties with no more than 20 active COVID-19 cases can apply for an exemption. Gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited in most circumstances unless local government officials approve them.
• Utah: Former Gov. Gary Herbert (R) lifted a ban that prohibits restaurants from serving alcohol after 10 p.m. A mask mandate remains in effect. Individuals over age 2 must wear a mask and socially distance from non-household members when in an indoor public setting. People over age 2 must also wear a mask when outdoors if within 6 feet of a person from another household. Masks aren’t required when an individual is actively eating or drinking, exercising outdoors or exercising indoors if not within 6 feet of a non-household member, among other exceptions. A previous order on gathering limits has expired and was not renewed. All businesses can reopen if they take precautions.
• Vermont: Gov. Phil Scott (R) extended until Jan. 15 tighter coronavirus-related restrictions. Social gatherings between multiple households are prohibited (immediate family members who reside in different households can still get together). Bars are closed. Restaurants can continue to operate at 50 percent capacity but can now only seat one household per table and must close in-person dining by 10 p.m. (takeout and delivery is allowed). Scott put recreational sports on pause and announced that businesses must reinstate teleworking policies as much as possible. Previously, Scott ordered people 2 and older to wear a face covering in public spaces, indoors or outdoors, when physical distancing isn’t possible. Hair salons and barber shops can reopen, but they must take appointments and limit occupancy. Hotels, inns, bed-and-breakfasts and other lodging areas were allowed to resume operations May 22, but all nonessential travelers must follow a self-quarantine mandate. Alternatively, nonessential travelers can quarantine for 7 days followed by a negative COVID-19 test.
• Virginia: Gov. Ralph Northam (D) ordered a modified stay-at-home mandate, effective Dec. 14. People in Virginia must stay home between 12 a.m. and 5 a.m. Individuals can leave the residence during those hours for food, meds and other essentials, to exercise, or to go to work, among other exceptions. Under the new restrictions, indoor and outdoor gatherings, whether public or private, must be capped at 10 people (down from 25). Northam expanded a mask mandate. All Virginians aged five and over are required to wear face coverings in indoor public spaces. Private residences are exempt. Individuals must also wear masks outdoors if social distancing cannot be maintained. The new order lasts until Jan. 31. Virginia is in Phase 3 of its reopening plan. Restaurants can offer indoor service at full capacity, but parties must be separated by 6 feet and restaurants must stop serving alcohol by 10 p.m. Restaurants are required to close on-premises dining by midnight, but delivery and takeout are permitted. Indoor and outdoor swimming pools, gyms and fitness centers can operate at 75 percent capacity and follow other guidelines. Movie theaters, concert venues and other entertainment areas can reopen but must follow strict guidelines.
• Washington: Gov. Jay Inslee (D) announced a road to recovery plan, effective Jan. 11. All regions will start in Phase 1 of the 2-phase plan (Phase 1 closely resembles restrictions currently in place). In Phase 1, indoor social gatherings at private residences are prohibited, and outdoor social gatherings at private residences are limited to 10 people. Restaurants and bars must shutter indoor service. Outdoor dining is permitted, but no more than six people can be seated at a table and no more than individuals from two households. Outdoor dining must close by 11 p.m. Grocery stores, retail stores, places of worship and personal care businesses, such as hair salons, are among places that must restrict occupancy to 25 percent. Gyms and indoor fitness establishments can operate with restrictions, such as training sessions by appointment. Previously, Inslee required masks in indoor public spaces or outdoors when social distancing cannot be maintained.
• West Virginia: Gov. Jim Justice (R) revised a statewide mask mandate. Effective Nov. 14, individuals age 9 and older must wear a face covering in all indoor public spaces whether or not social distancing can be maintained. The mandate doesn’t apply when alone in a room, or when eating or drinking in a restaurant.
Previously, Justice rescinded an order prohibiting the general public from visiting nursing homes. New guidelines for visiting rules depend on the number of active COVID-19 cases in the community. The state is using a color-coded map to determine certain restrictions. Social gatherings of up to 25 people are permitted in green and yellow counties. Gold, orange and red counties must limit social gatherings to no more than 10 people. Religious services, weddings or events for essential businesses are among gatherings that are exempt. Restaurants can offer indoor service at 50 percent capacity, among other restrictions. Hair salons, gyms, museums and other businesses should follow safety and sanitation protocols.
• Wisconsin: Gov. Tony Evers (D) issued a stay-at-home order recommending — but not requiring — actions Wisconsinites should take to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Individuals should stay at home. Exceptions include leaving the house to go to work, buy groceries or pick up medications. Businesses should encourage remote work and take precautions where telecommuting isn’t possible, such as avoid congregating in conference rooms. For social gatherings, Evers recommended avoiding get-togethers with anyone outside the household. Previously, Evers ordered everyone age 5 and older to wear a face covering when indoors or in an enclosed space (other than his or her private residence) when other people are present. When outdoors, individuals are encouraged, but not required, to wear masks.
In May, the Wisconsin Supreme Court struck down the state Department of Health Services’ safer-at-home order, issued under Evers’ direction. Private businesses can enforce their own restrictions, such as requiring patrons to follow social distancing practices.
• Wyoming: Under the direction of Gov. Mark Gordon (R), the state health officer updated coronavirus-related restrictions on businesses, effective Jan. 26-Feb. 14. Restaurants, bars and other eateries may offer indoor and outdoor services. Parties are limited to six people (larger parties are permitted when individuals live within the same household). Other restrictions on food establishments include a prohibition on buffet services and a requirement that the businesses provide hand sanitizer. Gyms can operate with capacity restrictions (1 person per 120 square feet). Sanitation and other safety measures must also be in place, such as regularly disinfecting workout equipment and locker rooms. Group workout classes are capped at 25 people. Movie theaters, performance theaters and similar indoor venues may operate, but individual groups must remain 6 feet apart, whether seated or standing in a waiting area. Hair salons and other personal care businesses may continue to operate, as long as service stations are 6 feet apart, among other restrictions. Indoor and outdoor get-togethers of 10 people in a single, confined space are allowed. If social distancing and other restrictions are in place, indoor events of up to 25 percent of a venue’s capacity, with a maximum 250 people, are permitted. Outdoor gatherings of up to 50 percent of a venue’s capacity, with a maximum of 500 attendees, are permitted. Gatherings at hotels, livestock auctions, grocery stores and faith-based organizations are among those that are exempt.
The health officer also extended a mask mandate through Feb. 14. Individuals 12 and older must wear a mask inside businesses and government facilities that are open to the public, while obtaining services at a health care facility, or when using public transportation or alternatives such as taxis or ride-hailing services. Masks aren’t required when in a personal office or when exercising at a gym, among other exceptions.
Editor’s note: This story has been updated to reflect new information.