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In many states, if you receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), you’re automatically eligible for Medicaid, the government health care program for low-income people. Those benefits can provide a crucial lifeline, medically and financially, if you become unable to work because of an illness or injury. If you are able to return to work, your SSI payments could stop because of your earnings — but that might not mean losing Medicaid.
That’s because of a program called Medicaid While Working, one of several work incentives the Social Security Administration (SSA) offers to help people with disabilities transition back into the labor force. These policies allow some beneficiaries to test the workforce waters without immediately losing their benefits.
How income affects SSI
Social Security administers SSI, a safety-net benefit for people who have disabilities, are vision-impaired, or are 65 and older and have limited financial means. To qualify, your “countable income” cannot exceed a strict cap set by the federal government and adjusted annually for inflation. In 2023, the federal limit is $914 a month for an individual and $1,371 per month for a married couple. (The caps can vary by state because most states offer additional payments to supplement federal SSI benefits.)
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Countable income includes a portion of your work earnings as well as money from other sources, such as investments, government benefits and cash aid from friends or family. Social Security can approve your application for SSI if your income is below the cap, but if it subsequently rises above the limit, you no longer qualify for monthly SSI payments.
However, even in this situation, Medicaid coverage that started as a result of you getting SSI can continue if you meet these criteria.
- You were eligible for SSI for at least a month.
- You still have the same medical condition that qualified you for SSI in the first place.
- You meet all SSI eligibility requirements outside of those involving income.
- You need Medicaid coverage in order to work.
- Your gross earnings from work are not enough to replace your SSI, Medicaid and any government-funded personal or attendant care (for example, assistance at work or paid home caregiving services) you would no longer receive.