En español | It may start with a nightly glass of wine to unwind. Soon enough, one glass becomes two or maybe three ... and you begin to associate your evening walk through the door with the sound of the wine pouring into the glass. Maybe you begin to look forward to that moment all day.
Beware when a drinking habit escalates, says George F. Koob, director of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland: “There's nothing inherently wrong with a 5 o'clock drink, but it can be a problem if you take it further. Two is not better than one, and four is not better than two.”
Alcohol-use disorders range in severity from mild to moderate to severe. “You can have a disorder and not fit the stereotype of a drunk falling down in the street,” says Austin Lin, a psychiatrist with McGovern Medical School at UTHealth Houston. “You can be a high-functioning alcoholic.”
Lin cites these danger signs that you may have a problem:
- Increased tolerance: Does it take more alcohol to get the same effect?
- Trouble stopping: Do you have a hard time cutting off your drinking once you start?
- Unhealthy focus: Do you spend time thinking about drinking?
- Solo style: Do you drink alone?
- Morning maintenance: Do you drink when you wake up?
- Harm to relationships: Do you get into more arguments with loved ones when you drink?
- Decreased productivity: Have you neglected other things because drinking has taken its place? Have you missed work because of drinking?
- Physical symptoms: Has a withdrawal from alcohol caused you to become shaky, nauseous and sweaty?
- Dangerous behavior: Are you more promiscuous when you drink, or have you driven a car after drinking?
What to do
If you answer yes to even one or two of these questions, Lin recommends speaking to your primary care physician or seeing an addiction specialist. Treatments can include medication and counseling, and it may be possible for you to moderate your drinking rather than quit altogether.
Though it can be difficult to take those first steps toward getting help, the payoffs can be huge. “Once we see people start to make headway with their drinking,” says Lin, “we often see their mood and anxiety, their sleep, their relationships with family members, and their job functions improve.”
He adds, “Alcohol is a dirty drug that affects so many parts of the human body, from the heart to the gastrointestinal system. So don't wait. There are good treatments out there.”
1. The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services’ Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has a National Helpline for individuals and family members facing substance abuse or mental health issues. It offers referrals and support at 800-662-HELP (4357).
2. The NIAAA Alcohol Treatment Navigator offers extensive resources for alcohol problems.
3. Find an Alcoholics Anonymous recovery group near you.
Read the Full Series on Alcohol and Your Health