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Preparing the Middle Eastern Dish Koukou

This simple, slow-cooked egg recipe connects chef Nasim Alikhani to her Iranian culture

spinner image Nasim Alikhani, 59, is the owner of Sofreh restaurant in Brooklyn, New York.
Nasim Alikhani, 59, is the owner of Sofreh restaurant in Brooklyn, New York.
Christopher Testani

I’ve been making koukou for as long as I can remember. It’s very important in Iranian culture, especially around the time of the Persian New Year, which coincides with the spring equinox in late March. When I left Iran and came to the United States by myself, at age 23, I missed this dish so much. 

spinner image Chef Nasim Alikhani prepares Koukou which is an important food in Iranian culture.
Christopher Testani

What’s special about koukou is that every Iranian household makes this frittata differently. Some people puree the vegetables or add flowers, but I prefer the rustic interpretation, cooking the dish as slowly as possible to keep the integrity of the herbs. That doesn’t mean you have to stand watch over the pan for two hours. You simply lower the heat and let the vegetables cook down.

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My mother put walnuts in her recipe, and I always thought it needed a little sour note, so I added dried barberries, which you can find in gourmet stores or order online. (Chopped frozen cranberries are a good substitute.) 

Nobody taught me to cook, but I was always in the kitchen, so I came to this country with bits of information about how to make traditional Persian dishes. I had to supplement that by calling or writing to my mother or aunts to ask for their recipes. Persian food became a way for me to connect with what I had left behind, the women I loved so much and the culture I missed so much. It became an anchor for me. 

So I remain connected to that tradition, yet at the same time, I have been exposed to New York City, with all its incredible food options, and I enjoy sharing other chefs’ cultural heritage. I have incorporated a few ideas from other cultures into my own cooking — I’m proud to be part of the melting pot. And I’m happy to share my culture with others. My grandfather always told me the story of a poor shepherd in his village who had once housed my grandfather when he had nowhere else to go. The shepherd served him a meal, and my grandfather later learned that this shepherd had served him instead of serving his own family. This is who we are. Guests are first; they are everything. 

—As told to Shayla Martin

Koukou Recipe

(Persian herb frittata)

Serves 4


½  cup dried barberries

1  ?cup (4 ounces) chopped parsley

1  ?cup (4 ounces) chopped cilantro

1  ?cup (4 ounces) chopped scallions, white part only

⅔  cup chopped romaine lettuce

4  ?large eggs

2  teaspoons kosher salt

2  teaspoons black pepper

½  ?cup olive oil

½  cup walnuts, coarsely chopped

Yogurt for serving (optional)

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  • In a small bowl, soak barberries in cold water for 20 minutes. Meanwhile, chop parsley, cilantro, scallions and romaine; combine in a large bowl. In a medium bowl, combine eggs, salt and pepper. Whisk just until frothy. Drain barberries, discarding any small stones.
  • Put ¼ cup plus 2 tablespoons olive oil in an 11-inch skillet over medium heat; heat until shimmering. To chopped greens, add egg mixture, barberries and walnuts. Stir well; pour into skillet. Cover and cook until set, about 10 minutes.
  • Uncover, reduce heat to low, and cook 30 minutes. Cut into 4 wedges, separating slightly so liquid can evaporate. Cook until underside is browned, about 10 minutes.
  • Turn wedges over. Drizzle remaining oil around pan edge and between wedges. Cook un­cov­ered until compact and crisp, about 40 minutes. Serve hot or at room temperature, with yogurt if desired.

Nutrients per serving: 487 calories, 11g protein, 18g carbohydrates, 6g fiber, 43g fat, 186mg cholesterol, 1,269mg sodium.