En español | No. Social Security only counts income from employment towards the retirement earnings test. Other kinds of income — including income from rental properties, lawsuit payments, inheritances, pensions, investment dividends, IRA distributions and interest — will not cause benefits to be reduced.
In 2020, for people who claimed benefits before full retirement age (currently 66 and gradually rising to 67), Social Security withholds $1 in benefits for every $2 earned above the annual limit of $18,240. (A different formula applies for the year a beneficiary reaches full retirement age.) Earnings made as an employee, net earnings from self-employment, and work-related bonuses and awards count toward the limit.
The earnings cap goes away after full retirement age — from then on, income level has no effect on Social Security benefits.
Updated March 25, 2020