The only way to know for sure if you have prediabetes is to take a blood test.
If you score 5 or higher on the prediabetes risk test, it’s important to make an appointment with a health care practitioner to get a blood test.
There are several different blood tests a health care practitioner can order to determine if you have diabetes. The 3 most common tests are described below.
If you know you have prediabetes, certain lifestyle changes may prevent prediabetes from developing into type 2 diabetes. Here’s what you need to do: maintain a healthy weight, eat well, and get moving!
One clinical trial found that overweight participants with prediabetes who made modest changes to their diet and exercised more lost an average of 7% body weight and reduced their risk of type 2 diabetes by 58% (NEJM. 2002 Feb 7;346(6).)
People with prediabetes usually have no symptoms...that’s why nearly 90% of those with prediabetes don’t know they have it.
Sometimes people with prediabetes have the same symptoms as people with diabetes: increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue and blurred vision.
People with type 2 diabetes have blood sugar levels that are too high because their bodies don’t respond well to insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
Some people can manage their type 2 diabetes with healthy eating and exercise but some need to inject insulin or take other medications to help control blood sugar and prevent complications.
Complications of diabetes include blindness, kidney disease, heart disease and, sometimes, the need for amputations.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) can help you learn about and adopt healthy lifestyle changes. The program is offered at YMCAs, community centers, churches and hospitals across the country. To find one near you, enter your zip code into the CDC’s program finder tool.
Medicare now reimburses qualifying health care practitioners who provide the DPP program to their patients. To find a Medicare-covered DPP class near you, enter your zip code here.
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