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List of Coronavirus-Related Restrictions in Every State

Most states have dropped COVID-related restrictions; several put limits on vaccine mandates

a sign is posted at the entrance of a store telling people not to enter without a mask

Chris Delmas / AFP

En español | Throughout the coronavirus pandemic, governors and health departments across the country have issued orders and recommendations on the status of schools, businesses and public services. 

With the arrival of COVID-19 vaccines, the closures, capacity limits and large-scale mask orders that marked earlier phases of the pandemic gave way to vaccine and testing mandates and more targeted face-covering rules, which many states extended or reinstated as the delta and omicron variants spread. As those waves receded, pandemic restrictions have largely subsided as well. 

Some states are requiring government and health care workers to get vaccinated or routinely tested. Others have resisted restrictions, barring or limiting mask and vaccine mandates and other requirements through legislation or executive action.

At the national level, President Joe Biden signed an executive order that requires all health care workers and federal executive branch employees to get the vaccine. A federal order that mandated masks on public modes of transportation, including commercial flights, and in transit hubs such as airports and bus and train stations was struck down by a federal judge April 18. The Department of Justice has appealed the ruling. 

There are no longer any states with general mask orders, but several still require face-covering in certain high-risk settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes and shelters. Private businesses and venues may require masking or proof of vaccination as a condition for entry.

Here’s a look at each state’s vaccine, testing and mask requirements.


Alabama

Vaccine and testing regulations: State law bars local governments, schools and businesses from requiring proof of COVID-19 vaccination as a condition for admission or to receive goods or services and grants workers broad rights to get religious or medical exemptions to workplace vaccine mandates.

Gov. Kay Ivey (R) issued an order prohibiting any state executive branch agency from penalizing a business or individual for not complying with President Biden’s federal vaccine mandate.

More information: Check the state public health department’s COVID-19 page.

Alaska

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Mike Dunleavy (R) issued an order in April 2021 banning all executive branch departments from requiring anyone to provide proof of vaccination to travel to or around the state.

Mask regulations: Masks are required for all employees, contractors and visitors indoors in state government buildings and other state-owned facilities.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Arizona

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Doug Ducey (R) signed legislation in April that prohibits state and local government entities from requiring Arizonans to get a COVID-19 vaccine, enshrining in law executive orders Ducey issued in 2021. Government-owned or -operated health care institutions are exempt. State officials also are barred from requiring COVID-19 vaccines at schools, per legislation Ducey signed in May.

Mask regulations: Ducey also signed a measure in April banning mask mandates for minors. School districts and local governments are barred from requiring anyone under age 18 to wear a mask without parental consent. In May, he signed legislation barring mask mandates in buildings run by state or local government.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page

Arkansas

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) signed a bill that prohibits state and local agencies from requiring proof of vaccination to travel, participate in education or receive services.

Mask regulations: Hutchinson signed a bill that bans state and local mask mandates, but it was overturned by a state judge in December.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

California

Vaccine and testing regulations: As of April 1, vaccination verification or a negative COVID-19 test is no longer required to attend indoor events with more than 1,000 people. The state Department of Public Health recommends that venues check vaccination or test status for such “mega events.” 

State employees and health care workers must show proof of COVID-19 vaccination or submit to regular testing (once a week). Employees who work in high-risk congregate settings, such as jails and long-term care facilities, were required to get a booster dose by March 1. School staff must be vaccinated or submit to weekly testing.

On May 3, Oakland stopped requiring proof of vaccination to enter restaurants, bars, entertainment venues, gyms and large indoor events. Proof of vaccination still is mandated at assisted living facilities and senior centers.

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required statewide for people age 2 and older in health care and long-term care facilities, emergency and homeless shelters, and jails and prisons.

In Los Angeles County, masks are mandatory on public transit and in transportation hubs such as airports and bus and train stations. The San Francisco Bay Area's BART rail system reinstated a mask requirement for riders April 28. In Oakland, masks are required indoors when 2,500 or more people have gathered. And a temporary mask mandate for San Jose city workers took effect May 6 and is expected to end May 20.

More information: Read California’s current safety measures.

Colorado

Vaccine and testing regulations: Health care workers were required to be vaccinated by Oct. 31, 2021. Individuals could seek a medical or religious exemption. State employees who interact with vulnerable populations, such as corrections and health department staff, must be fully vaccinated. Other state workers and contractors must be either fully vaccinated or receive COVID-19 tests twice per week.

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required in long-term care facilities and group homes; in health care settings, homeless shelters and correctional facilities in areas rated by the CDC as having medium or high community COVID-19 levels; and by health care workers who are unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated, regardless of local transmission levels.

More Information: Check the state’s department of health COVID-19 page.

Connecticut

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Ned Lamont (D) mandated COVID-19 vaccines for state employees and staff at schools and childcare facilities. Certain employees may be eligible to forgo the vaccine and opt for weekly testing. In some circumstances, individuals with a medical condition or sincerely held religious beliefs may be exempt. A similar mandate applies to long-term care employees. 

On Jan. 6, Lamont signed an order that requires state hospital employees and workers at long-term care facilities to get a COVID-19 vaccine booster.

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required for people age 2 and older in health care facilities, long-term care facilities and shelters.

More information: Read Connecticut’s COVID-19 response.
 

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Delaware

Vaccine and testing regulations: State government workers and staff at health care and long-term care facilities must be fully vaccinated or submit to weekly testing. The same restrictions apply for employees and volunteers in K-12 schools.

Mask regulations: A mask mandate for K-12 schools and childcare facilities ended March 31. Face-covering is still required in hospitals, long-term care facilities and state government buildings.

More information: Read Delaware’s COVID-19 guidance.  

District of Columbia

Vaccine and testing regulations: District government employees, contractors and interns must be fully vaccinated and get a booster shot when eligible. Health care workers and employees and volunteers in K-12 schools also must meet vaccination requirements. Individuals may be exempted from the vaccine mandates because of religious beliefs or medical conditions.

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required in health care facilities; group residential settings such as nursing homes, assisted living facilities, shelters and prisons; and in D.C. government buildings where employees interact directly with the public.

More information: Read the District of Columbia’s latest COVID-19 situational update.

Florida

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Ron DeSantis (R) issued an executive order in April 2021 barring businesses from requiring “vaccine passports” for entry. The prohibition has been codified into state law. 

Another set of state laws adopted in November bars vaccine mandates for state government workers and requires private companies that mandate staff vaccination to allow a wide range of exemptions for unvaccinated workers.

Mask regulations: DeSantis signed orders in May 2021 prohibiting local governments and school districts from mandating masks. State law vests parents with authority to choose whether their children wear a mask in schools.

More information: Read about Florida’s COVID-19 response.

Georgia

Vaccine and testing requirements: Gov. Brian Kemp (R) signed an order in August 2021 that prohibits local governments from mandating COVID-19 restrictions such as vaccination requirements for private businesses. A bill before the state legislature would bar state and local governments from requiring proof of vaccination to attend colleges and universities and access other public facilities.

Mask requirements: Kemp's August 2021 order also barred local mask mandates. He signed legislation March 29 that allows parents to decide whether their children wear a mask in school, even if the local district implements a mandate. 

More information: Check the state department of health’s COVID-19 page.

Hawaii

Vaccine and testing regulations: Democratic Gov. David Ige’s order that state employees show proof of vaccination or undergo regular testing was lifted March 25, as were all vaccine, testing and quarantine requirements for travel to Hawaii.

Mask regulations: Hawaii’s statewide mask mandate, the last in the country, expired March 25. 

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page for updates.

Idaho

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Brad Little (R) signed an order banning state entities from requiring people to show a vaccine passport to receive services or to enter buildings, but he vetoed legislation that would have barred most private businesses from imposing vaccine mandates on employees for one year, calling it “government overreach.”

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page for more information.

Illinois

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. J.B. Pritzker (D) mandated that employees who work in licensed day care centers get the COVID-19 vaccine or submit to weekly testing. Health care workers, K-12 employees and workers at state-operated congregate facilities such as veterans homes and detention centers are also required to be fully vaccinated or submit to testing.

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required for people over age 2 in health care facilities, long-term care facilities and congregate settings such as prisons and homeless shelters.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Indiana

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Eric Holcomb (R) signed a bill banning state and local governments from requiring vaccine passports.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Iowa

Vaccine and testing regulations: A state law enacted last year expands employees’ rights to claim religious or medical exemptions to workplace vaccine mandates. A bill that would have banned such mandates was voted down by the Iowa House March 16.

Mask regulations: Gov. Kim Reynolds (R) signed legislation in May 2021 that prohibits local governments from ordering businesses to impose mask rules. And on May 16 a federal appeals court panel ruled that Iowa school districts cannot issue mask mandates unless they’re needed to comply with other federal or state laws.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Kansas

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Laura Kelly (D) signed a bill requiring employers that mandate vaccines to allow for a medical or religious exemption.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Kentucky

Vaccine and testing regulations: Workers in state health care facilities who were not fully vaccinated by Oct. 1, 2021, must be regularly tested for COVID-19.

Mask regulations: Masks are required in some health care and childcare settings. 

More information: Check the state public health department’s COVID-19 page.

Louisiana

No current regulations: Gov. John Bel Edwards (D) ended the state’s emergency public health order March 14. There are no state vaccine or mask mandates in force, nor any prohibitions of mandates. 

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Maine

Vaccine and testing regulations: Health care workers had to be fully vaccinated by Oct. 29, 2021.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Maryland

Vaccine and testing regulations: Employees at state-operated residential health care, correctional and juvenile facilities must be fully vaccinated or undergo weekly COVID-19 testing. A similar mandate applies to nursing home and hospital employees.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Massachusetts

Vaccine and testing regulations: Long-term care providers and home care workers are among those who had to be vaccinated by Oct. 31, 2021. Exemptions are available to those with certain medical conditions or sincerely held religious beliefs. Gov. Charlie Baker (R) issued a similar order for executive branch employees.

Mask regulations: Masks are mandatory in long-term care facilities, medical facilities, prisons and shelters. Baker lifted a statewide mask mandate for K-12 public schools on Feb. 28.

More information: Read Massachusetts’ COVID-19 updates.

Michigan

Vaccine and testing regulations: A state budget law enacted in September 2021 prohibits publicly funded agencies from requiring employees or customers to be vaccinated.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Minnesota

Vaccine and testing regulations: State employees must get vaccinated or submit to regular testing.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Mississippi

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Tate Reeves signed legislation in April that bars state agencies and local governments from imposing COVID-19 vaccine requirements on employees or people seeking services.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Missouri

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Mike Parson (R) issued an order that prohibits state agencies from compelling an individual to receive a COVID-19 vaccine or penalizing a business for noncompliance with federal vaccine mandates. State law prohibits local governments from requiring residents to show proof of vaccination to access public services.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page

Montana

Vaccine and testing regulations: In April 2021, Gov. Greg Gianforte (R) signed an executive order prohibiting vaccine passports in Montana. Employers, including private companies, are barred by state law from discriminating based on vaccination status.

Mask regulations: State law restricts local jurisdictions’ authority to impose mask orders, and Gianforte announced an emergency rule in August 2021 directing schools to allow parents and students to opt out of face-covering mandates.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Nebraska

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) signed legislation on Feb. 28 requiring employers to allow for exemptions from workplace vaccine mandates for medical or religious reasons.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.
 

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Nevada

Vaccine and testing regulations: A requirement that state employees who aren’t fully vaccinated submit to weekly testing was lifted on March 25.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

New Hampshire

Vaccine and testing regulations: Most state and local government agencies are prohibited from imposing workplace vaccine requirements (the prohibition does not apply to state hospitals and correctional facilities and county nursing homes).

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

New Jersey

Vaccine and testing regulations: Employees at health care facilities and congregate living facilities such as nursing homes, group homes and prisons must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Workers and contractors at schools, childcare centers and state government agencies must be fully vaccinated or get tested regularly. 

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required in health care settings, prisons and homeless shelters. 

More information: Read New Jersey’s COVID-19 information hub.

New Mexico

Vaccine and testing regulations: A vaccine mandate is in place for employees who work in high-risk settings, such as hospitals and congregate care facilities. Those with a qualifying medical or religious exemption must undergo weekly COVID-19 testing. School workers who are not fully vaccinated also must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test weekly. On Dec. 2, the health department added a booster shot requirement to the vaccine mandates.

Mask regulations: Masks are required in hospitals, long-term care facilities and other congregate settings.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

New York

Vaccine and testing regulations: State employees must show proof of vaccination or submit to regular testing. Patient-facing state health care employees are also required to be vaccinated, without a test-out option. 

In New York City, most workers in both the public and private sectors must show proof of vaccination if they work in person (at a workplace, rather than at home) or interact with the public in the course of business. 

Mask regulations: Statewide, masks are required in “high-density settings” such as hospitals, nursing homes, shelters and detention facilities. New York City mandates face-covering on public transit, including subways, buses, taxis and rideshares.

More information: Read York’s new phase of COVID-19 response.

North Carolina

Vaccine and testing regulations: Employees of state government cabinet agencies who aren’t vaccinated must wear a mask and submit to weekly testing.

Mask regulations: Masks are required at health care and long-term care facilities.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

North Dakota

Vaccine and testing regulations: State and local governments are barred from requiring employees to be vaccinated. Private employers with vaccine mandates must allow exemptions on the basis of an employee’s medical condition; a recent COVID-19 infection; religious, philosophical or moral objections to vaccination; or agreement to submit to periodic testing. Businesses are prohibited from requiring documentation of a customer’s vaccination status. 

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Ohio

No current regulations: Gov. Mike DeWine (R) ended Ohio’s pandemic state of emergency in June 2021. There are no state vaccine or mask mandates in force, nor any prohibitions of mandates. 

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Oklahoma

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) signed an order that prohibits state agencies from requiring a visitor to show proof of vaccination to enter public buildings. The order exempts agencies that conduct medical activities requiring patient interaction.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Oregon

Vaccine and testing regulations: Health care workers and school staff must be fully vaccinated. A vaccine mandate for state government employees was lifted April 1. 

Mask regulations: A statewide indoor mask mandate expired March 12. Masks are still required in congregate settings, like health care and correctional facilities.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Pennsylvania

Vaccine and testing regulations: State health care employees and workers in high-risk congregate-care facilities were required to be vaccinated by Sept. 7, 2021, or undergo regular testing. Those hired after that date had to be fully vaccinated.

Mask regulations: Philadelphia ended a citywide indoor mask mandate April 22, four days after it was imposed. City health officials said COVID-19 case counts had plateaued after a sharp rise triggered the short-lived order.

More information: Visit the state department of health’s COVID-19 page.

Puerto Rico

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Pedro Pierluisi (D) issued an executive order in March lifting workplace vaccine and booster mandates except for those necessary to comply with Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services vaccination rules.

Mask regulations: Pierluisi ended the territory’s general indoor mask order in March. Face-covering remains mandatory in schools and childcare centers, medical and long-term care facilities, prisons and group facilities serving people with intellectual disabilities.

More information: Check the Puerto Rico health department’s COVID-19 page (Spanish and English).

Rhode Island

Vaccine and testing regulations: Health care workers were required to be vaccinated by Oct. 1, 2021, unless they were medically exempt.

Mask regulations: Face-covering is required for workers in health care settings where COVID-19 patients are treated.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

South Carolina

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Henry McMaster (R) signed legislation April 25 that bars the state, local governments and school districts from requiring COVID-19 vaccination as a condition for employment or attendance and prohibits places of public accommodation such as hospitals, restaurants, theaters and stores from denying service based on vaccination status. The measure took effect immediately and will remain in force through at least the end of 2023.

Mask regulations: There is no statewide requirement, and McMaster issued an executive order in May 2021 invalidating local mask orders in effect at the time. A local mandate covering indoor public spaces in in unincorporated parts of Richland County expired May 1.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

South Dakota

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Kristi Noem (R) issued an executive order in April 2021 barring state and local governments from issuing or requiring the use of vaccine passports.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Tennessee

Vaccine and testing regulations: State law prohibits private employers from compelling workers to provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination and from taking “adverse action” or discriminating against those to object to getting vaccinated.

Mask regulations: Gov. Bill Lee (R) signed legislation in November restricting local governments’ authority to institute face-covering orders.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Texas

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Greg Abbott (R) issued executive orders barring government entities from compelling anyone to get vaccinated or requiring proof of vaccination as a condition for receiving services. Private business may require vaccination for employees or customers but must allow exemptions on grounds of religious belief, personal conscience or medical condition, including prior recovery from COVID-19. 

Mask regulations: Abbott signed an order in May 2021 prohibiting local governments and school districts from instituting mask requirements. 

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Utah

Vaccine or testing regulations: State agencies and public universities are prohibited from requiring proof of vaccination. Private employers with workplace vaccine requirements must allow exemptions for medical reasons, prior COVID-19 infection, or religious or personal beliefs.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Vermont

Vaccine or testing regulations: State employees are required to get vaccinated or submit to weekly testing.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Virginia

Vaccine or testing regulations: Upon taking office in January, Gov. Glenn Youngkin (R) rescinded his predecessor’s executive order mandating vaccination for state employees.

Mask regulations: State legislation adopted in February effectively bars school mask mandates by allowing parents to decide whether or not their children wear masks in public schools and early childhood programs. 

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Washington

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Jay Inslee (D) issued an order that mandates vaccines for state employees, including teachers, health care providers and contractors. The order allows an exemption for those with a disability or sincerely held religious beliefs.

Mask regulations: An indoor mask mandate was lifted March 12. Masks are still required in congregate settings, like health care and correctional facilities.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

West Virginia

Vaccine and testing regulations: State law prohibits government entities from requiring proof of vaccination as a condition for entering their premises or utilizing services. Employers with workplace vaccine mandates are required to except employees with valid medical or religious exemptions.

More information: Check the state’s COVID-19 page.

Wisconsin

Vaccine and testing regulations: Executive branch employees who are unvaccinated must submit to weekly testing.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Wyoming

Vaccine and testing regulations: Gov. Mark Gordon (R) issued a directive in May 2021 that prohibits state bodies from requiring proof of vaccination to access facilities and services and encouraging, but not requiring, local governments and private business to do the same.

More information: Check the state health department’s COVID-19 page.

Editor’s note: This story has been updated to reflect new information.