Refresh, remodel or relocate?
Expert advice for wise home renovation decisions
En español | Should you remodel your home and stay for the long run or just update it because you're planning to sell within five years?
That's the question facing those who are planning to retire soon.
To make the decision, think about how long you plan to stay in your home, experts say. If it's less than five years, update your home and spend less. If it's longer, consider creating your dream home so you can enjoy it.
"If you are here for the long haul, you should turn the house into your house,” says Vince Butler, president of Butler Brothers Corp. in Clifton, Virginia. “If you sell, they're going to want to renovate again. Don't go so radical that it will take your house off the market.” Unless the market tanks in your area, the home is likely to appreciate over time.
That's what Karen and Thomas Hampton decided to do — improve their 1938 home — including the most recent project, remodeling their kitchen for the first time. They had to gut it and “have everything new,” she says.
Hampton, 58, a college adviser, and her husband, Thomas, 60, an insurance consultant, planned on staying for at least five years, and they looked farther ahead, too. “We considered the resale value of the house,” Karen Hampton says. “We want to downsize to something smaller and maybe the convenience of not having to walk up a lot of steps.
In total, the Hamptons spent $60,000 to remodel their 200-square-foot kitchen. When they met with David Waguespack, director of project development at Case Design/Remodeling Inc., they told him they wanted a lot of counter space, a lot of cabinets, a dishwasher and easy access to storage so they wouldn't have to store items in the basement or in a closet.
Also on their wish list: a microwave, a garbage disposal, rollout cabinets and new appliances. A stainless steel sink replaced the cast-iron one, luxury vinyl tile updated the linoleum floor, and quartz counters and Thermofoil (heat-sealed plastic with a metallic sheen) cabinets were installed. “We had the time, and we also had the financial resources,” she says.
Karen Hampton had lived without a dishwasher her whole life. “We wanted to treat ourselves,” she says. “We always had a family home, a working home with two parents working. We have become empty nesters. We thought about how much we would spend to make it enjoyable for us.” They wanted a kitchen that was “nicer, easier and simpler” and, three or four months later, that's what they got.
If you're planning to stay, a major remodeling project can be worth it because you'll be able to enjoy living in your home and sell it later. “You're never going to get 100 percent of your investment back unless you stay long enough so that it appreciates,” says Vince Butler.
What percentage of the value of your home should you spend on remodeling? “There is not a single good answer,” says David Pekel, CEO of the National Association of the Remodeling Industry, a nonprofit organization. He compares it to asking how much you should spend on a vehicle. “In different areas, municipalities limit the remodeling cost not to exceed 50 percent of the value of the house,” he says.
Otherwise, if you're in for the short run — less than five years — updating your home and improving its curb appeal is the way to go, experts say.
"The way your home looks from the street can impact the value,” says Bill Millholland, executive vice president of Case Design/Remodeling Inc. in Washington, D.C., Maryland and Virginia. “It's not one thing but the overall aesthetic,” he says.
For example, rather than remodel your kitchen or bathroom, update it, Pekel says. “You don't have to gut your kitchen to have a stunning result."
Instead, he says, you can color match your appliances, replace the floor, refinish the cabinets, install new countertops, update the backsplash, improve the lighting or any one or combination of these options.
Yet, in the Hanley Wood Media 2019 Cost vs. Value report, nine of the top 10 remodeling projects for recouping cost are exterior replacement projects, says Clayton DeKorne, editor of Remodeling magazine. The report evaluates how much a project is likely to increase resale value.
Remodeling Guidelines Whether You're Staying or Selling Your Home
1. Figure how much you are willing to spend.
2. Decide which type of professional you need — an architect, a design/build firm, a certified kitchen and bath designer, a general contractor, big-box store, a specialty kitchen store, a high-end design firm, or DIY.
3. Get everything in writing so all parties understand the scope of the work and the cost.
4. Request a schedule including start and completion dates.
5. Put down 10 percent to 15 percent up front in a construction contract for the work to start, recommends Bill Millholland of Case Design/Remodeling. Some states regulate home improvement contracts.
6. For homes built before 1978, make sure lead-safe work practices are used for painting, sanding and other work that disturbs lead-based paint; even a small amount of lead dust can be harmful to children and adults, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.
Top 10 projects for cost recouped, in the national 2019 Cost vs. Value report
- Garage door replacement: 97.5 percent
- Manufactured stone veneer: 94.9 percent
- Minor kitchen remodel: 80.5 percent
- Outdoor wood deck addition: 75.6 percent
- Siding replacement: 75.6 percent
- Steel entry door replacement: 74.9 percent
- Vinyl window replacement: 73.4 percent
- Grand entrance, fiberglass: 71.9 percent
- Wood window replacement: 70.8 percent
- Composite Deck Addition: 69.1 percent
"Use it as a guide,” Butler says. The report is just a starting point for thinking about the cost of remodeling your home, experts say. “A lot of this stuff is subjective,” Millholland says. How much any project will add to the resale value of your home “depends on the market and the value of the house,” he says. “If you're only going to be in it for five years or less, you're probably going to spend less money.”
In deciding whether to remodel or just update, it's not just about the money, experts say.
The Hamptons got a kitchen they love and the expectation that they've improved the resale value of their home for the long run.
"A big focus of it is quality of life,” Butler says.