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6 Ways Magic Johnson Changed Basketball — and So Much More

The sports legend gets his ‘Last Dance’ moment this season in two high-profile new shows — see why there’s a whole lot of Magic worth talking about

NBA legend Magic Johnson at the Los Angeles premiere of They Call Me Magic

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If 2020 was dominated by the Emmy-winning Michael Jordan docuseries The Last Dance, think of 2022 as the Year of Magic Johnson. In March, HBO debuted its sports drama Winning Time: The Rise of the Lakers Dynasty, which chronicles the rise of the 1980s Los Angeles squad and features newcomer Quincy Isaiah as the all-time great point guard. And this month, Apple TV+ will release its four-part documentary series They Call Me Magic, which — much like The Last Dance — features a slew of interviews with the likes of President Barack Obama, Larry Bird, Michael Jordan and Samuel L. Jackson. “Everybody wants to credit Michael Jordan for changing the NBA,” Jordan says in the first episode, “but when Magic Johnson came in, that’s where the game changed.” Here, six ways Johnson made magic and transformed the NBA (and American culture) forever.​​

Magic Johnson speaks at the podium at a press conference announcing  his retirement from basketball after being diagnosed HIV positive

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Magic Johnson speaking a press conference on Nov. 7, 1991 announcing his retirement from the NBA after testing positive for HIV.

1. He changed the way Americans thought about HIV/AIDS

On Nov. 7, 1991, Johnson stunned the basketball world when he announced that he had tested positive for HIV and would be immediately retiring from the NBA. At that time, the disease was closely associated with homosexuality and intravenous drug use, and Johnson changed the face of the disease in the minds of many Americans. He reported that he had contracted the virus through unprotected heterosexual sex. “I think sometimes we think only gay people can get it… I am saying that it can happen to anybody — even me,” Johnson told reporters. “Life is going to go on for me, and I’m going to be a happy man.” Dr. Anthony Fauci, who was on the front lines of battling the epidemic in its early days, later told Time that the announcement “really jolted people into a much more empathetic view towards people who were living with HIV,” and calls to AIDS hotlines and testing centers more than doubled in the days following Johnson’s announcement.

Magic Johnson holds his trophy after winning Most Valuable Player at the 1992 NBA All Star Game

Andrew D. Bernstein/NBAE via Getty Images

Magic Johnson holds his MVP trophy following the 1992 NBA All Star Game on Feb. 9, 1992.

​2. And he fought back against bigotry by being himself

On Feb. 9, 1992, just a few short months after his big announcement, Johnson came out of his early retirement to play in the All-Star Game, though his decision wasn’t met with support from all of his leaguemates. Utah Jazz forward Karl Malone, for instance, said that he thought being on the court with Johnson posed a health risk if he had any open wounds on his body. When Magic took to the court, he was greeted with a standing ovation and eventually scored 25 points. As the clock was winding down, Johnson made a three-pointer, and the game ended with both his teammates and his opponents swarming him at center court with hugs. “It’s the first game ever to be called on account of hugs,” Johnson said. “This was the perfect end to the story. I’d been trying to write this story all week, and that was like I was at my typewriter and I said, ‘Here’s my ending. Period.’” He was named the MVP, and the game is still remembered fondly by sports writers, like Mike Bianchi of The Orlando Sentinel: “We watched Earvin ‘Magic’ Johnson rise from the dead — or at least from the perceived near-dead — on that NBA All-Star Weekend 25 years ago to put a face on a controversial, misunderstood and destructive disease. And not just any face, but that grinning, winning, endearing, enduring Magic face.”

Don’t miss this: Meet the Grandfather of Black Basketball

Magic Johnson dribbling a basketball during an NBA game in 1991

Andrew D. Bernstein/NBAE via Getty Images

Magic Johnson dribbles to the basket during an NBA game in 1991 at the Great Western Forum in Inglewood, California.

3. He inspired use of the term “triple-double” in NBA stats talk

In basketball lingo, a “triple-double” occurs when a player achieves double-digit numbers in a single game in three of five statistics: points, rebounds, assists, steals and blocked shots. Though Oscar “The Big O” Robertson often achieved the feat in the 1960s, it was Magic’s penchant for regularly pulling off the statistically improbable that caused Lakers PR director Bruce Jolesch to reportedly coin the term. During his time in the NBA, Johnson was responsible for just over one-quarter of all the league’s triple-doubles, and there was a steep drop-off in them after his retirement. Johnson ranks third in regular-season triple-double leaders with 138 (after Russell Westbrook’s 194 and Oscar Robertson’s 181), and he’s the all-time leader for postseason games, with 30.

4. His sense of showmanship made the NBA cool even for non-basketball fans

Known for his wide smile, his charisma and his lightning-fast style of play, Johnson ushered in a new era for the NBA marked by a flair for the fun. “The Showtime Lakers, as the team was known, set a new template for how professional basketball came to be viewed on and off the floor,” Sopan Deb recently wrote in The New York Times. “The team crossed over into pop culture consciousness in a way no NBA franchise had.” And it had a financial impact as well on the league, which was facing low attendance numbers and falling ratings. “They helped save the league,” Deb says. Quincy Isaiah, the young actor who plays Johnson in HBO's Winning Time, told the Times, “He wanted to put on a show. But he definitely wanted to make everyone in that arena feel good while watching, including his teammates.”

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Boston Celtics star Larry Bird and Los Angeles Lakers star Magic Johnson pose for a portrait together while they both hold a Spalding NBA basketball

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Larry Bird (left) of the Boston Celtics poses for a portrait with Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers on Jan. 1, 1983 in Los Angeles, California.

5. And his rivalry with Larry Bird didn’t hurt

One of the fiercest rivalries in NBA history kicked off before either of the players entered the league, when Larry Bird’s Indiana State took on Magic Johnson’s Michigan State in the 1979 NCAA Championship Game. The game attracted an estimated 40 million TV viewers — by some counts, the most-watched game in American basketball history. Michigan State ultimately came out on top, 75 to 64, and the two rivals were immediately drafted to two storied franchises, the Lakers and the Celtics. They represented so much more than just the game: Black vs white, urban vs rural, West Coast vs East Coast. They faced off against one another in three NBA finals, and together earned half the MVPs given out during the 1980s. The rivalry lit a fire under the waning league and made the NBA must-see TV. As Andy Katz wrote on, “When Magic and Bird entered the league in 1979, the NBA Finals were broadcast on a tape-delayed basis. You had to stay up until 11:30 p.m. to watch Brent Musberger call the play-by-game. The league was riddled with drug problems and attendance was sagging.” Katz argues that the duo “gave the NBA star power,” and the media ate up the rivalry narrative.

Stan Kasten, Mark Walter, Magic Johnson, Peter Guber, and Todd Boehly stand side by side posing for a photo at a press conference introducing them as the new owners of the Los Angeles Dodgers

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(Left to right) Stan Kasten, Mark Walter, Magic Johnson, Peter Guber and Todd Boehly at a press conference introducing them as the new owners of the Los Angeles Dodgers on May 2, 2012 at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.

6. He later became one of America’s most influential Black business leaders

On the 2013 special Advancing the Dream: Live From the Apollo, Johnson told a story about cleaning offices as a teenager: “I would go clean the first six floors, but on the seventh floor, that’s where the CEO’s office was, so I would bust in and I would pretend like I was the CEO, and I would put my feet on the desk. I grew up poor, but I didn’t have poor dreams.” Rather than blow his fortune on frivolous purchases, Johnson has a reputation for being one of the most business-savvy former athletes out there, with a current net worth estimated at $600 million. As part of a group of investors, he bought the Los Angeles Dodgers and the WNBA team, the L.A. Sparks, but he isn’t only interested in big-ticket purchases: According to FranchiseWire, Johnson also owns Burger Kings, TGI Fridays, 24-Hour Fitnesses and a slew of Starbucks. “We, as Black people, had never really understood generational wealth and passing that wealth on,” he said in a Guardian interview last year. “We’re finally starting to understand that. It empowers our community… Now these kids dream that they can become not only a basketball player or a football player, but they can become a businessman. So that’s what’s important, that we have power and that we have a seat at the table.” In 2020, he put his money where his mouth is, when his EquiTrust Life Insurance Co. donated $100 million in capital to fund federal loans for minority- and women-owned businesses during the pandemic.

Nicholas DeRenzo is a contributing writer who covers entertainment and travel. Previously he was executive editor of United Airlines’ Hemispheres magazine and his work has appeared in the New York Times, Conde Nast Traveler, Travel & Leisure, Sunset and New York magazine.