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En español | As a traveler, Theresa Blanding has always considered herself a hotel person. But in the age of coronavirus, a bustling hotel lobby and crowded elevators give her pause. “I'm confident that hotels will be careful about cleaning, but I'm not sure how it's possible to avoid contact with other guests, not to mention staff,” says the 71-year-old Boulder, Colorado, resident. So while Blanding has been reluctant to book Airbnbs and similar options in the past, she says she will be more open to them when we can all travel again. “They don't always deliver what they promise, but they feel like the safer choice right now,” she notes.
As coronavirus lockdowns slowly begin to ease, people are slowly starting to contemplate future vacation plans. Many, like Blanding, are rethinking old travel habits. They're also armed with a lot more questions. “I'm normally a very trusting person, but whether I stay at a hotel or a rental property, I want to know exactly how they're cleaning between guests and whether I'm going to have to travel with Clorox wipes,” she says.
Donna Racette, a 70-year-old retiree in Niwot, Colorado, was traveling in California in early March when the coronavirus-related travel alarms started. “I noticed the hotel staff weren't cleaning the doorknobs,” she says. “I became fastidious about having my own wipes and would go into a hotel before my husband to wipe down the doorknobs and elevator buttons.” When she starts to travel again, Racette says she'll definitely book through Airbnb or Vrbo. “I like knowing I am in control of cleaning all the rooms and surfaces in a home during my stay,” she says. “I can't have that control in a hotel.”
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A recent survey conducted by market research company OmniTrak examined travel-related perceptions of risk related to the coronavirus pandemic and found that hotels (46 percent) were seen as a greater risk than an Airbnb or vacation rental (39 percent). The survey of 2,500 people did not ask participants to go into detail about their travel confidence, but Chris Kam, OmniTrak's president, surmises that respondents perceived home shares as less risky because the volume of travelers to a vacation rental is likely smaller than at a hotel. “A vacation rental is also less likely to have common areas frequented by guests,” he adds.
Increased safety precautions
Despite lower foot traffic perhaps translating to fewer germs, guests need to realize that companies such as Airbnb, HomeAway and Vrbo do not oversee the cleaning standards of individual properties. Homeowners have always been responsible for maintenance and cleaning. But with the pandemic, all three companies have taken extra measures to provide hosts with cleaning guidance based on recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, including washing hands thoroughly before and after each cleaning, emptying vacuum cleaners after every use, and disposing of or washing cleaning supplies. They have also updated their sites with helpful information for hosts, including listing EPA-approved products for use against the COVID-19 virus and recommending ways to make guests feel safe, such as stocking extra hand sanitizer and antibacterial hand washes. “We encourage partners to update their listings with their cleaning procedures,” says Alison Kwong, a Vrbo spokesperson. The company also encourages travelers to read reviews and ask owners about their cleaning protocols before booking, she says.
Amy Varain, an Airbnb and Vrbo host with homes in Lake Tahoe, California, and Maui, Hawaii, has updated her listings to include her cleaning regimen and precautions. “I already have high cleaning standards, but I've decided to get rid of decorative throw pillows,” she says. “Blankets that I store in the closet are now in zipped enclosures with a note that asks people to leave them on the bed to be laundered if used."
Airbnb spokesperson Liz DeBold Fusco says Airbnb hosts opening their doors to medical first responders as part of the company's Frontline Stays program have implemented stringent safety standards, in partnership with Larry Brilliant, M.D., an epidemiologist and chair of Ending Pandemics, a nonprofit that aims to improve how countries detect and respond to outbreaks. Examples include enhanced cleaning procedures such as wearing protective gear and ventilating rooms prior to cleaning, disinfecting with EPA-registered products after cleaning, and requiring 72 hours between stays. When normal travel resumes, she predicts many of these hosts will continue these rigorous standards.
Essential Questions to Ask Your Home-Stay Host
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Experts weigh in on the questions that safety-conscious travelers should ask before booking a vacation home. With cancellation policies and state and country travel restrictions in constant flux, it's key to get the facts ahead of time.
1. Is your home professionally cleaned and disinfected in between rentals? Cleaning removes germs and dirt, but disinfecting is when you use chemicals to kill germs, says Brian Sansoni, head of communications for the American Cleaning Institute in Washington, DC.
2. Does your cleaning crew disinfect light switches, appliance handles, remote controls, kitchen and bathroom faucets and game consoles? Sansoni encourages guests to get very specific when it comes to which high-touch surfaces are being cleaned.
3. Do you have an adequate supply of cleaning products — hand soap, dish soap, disinfectant spray or wipes — available in your unit for the length of the booking? It's also good to know the closest store to purchase these items, just in case you need more, he says.
4. Do you have a washer and dryer available, and detergent? Per the CDC, items should be laundered on the warmest possible setting for the items and dried completely, Sansoni says.
5. How much flexibility do I have with deposits? Leah Smith, president of Tafari, a travel agency with offices in New York and Denver, says home-share seekers should negotiate terms prior to booking. “Postponing deposits is ideal with all of this uncertainty,” she says.
6. What is your cancellation policy, and has it changed due to the pandemic? Brian Kelly, founder and CEO of ThePointsGuy.com, says travelers need to understand all of the details of a host's cancellation policy: whether they are entitled to a refund or simply a voucher for future credit; whether they'll receive back the full value of their stay or just a portion; how much notice they need to give before canceling; and how the current policy compares to the standard policy. Travelers should make sure they understand both, and which one will apply to their reservation.
7. How easy is it to maintain social distancing at your property? Airbnb and Vrbo typically don't give a lot of information about the neighborhood, but in the age of social distancing, it's worth asking a host about the local area, Kelly says. He suggests asking: Are the local grocery stores busy urban locations, or are they smaller footprint suburban stores? Is it a busy neighborhood with houses directly next to each other and lots of pedestrian traffic, or is it more of a suburban format?
On April 27, Airbnb announced that in May it would be launching a heightened cleaning protocol for hosts, with guidance from the former U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy, M.D., and leading experts in hospitality and medical hygiene. The new guidelines include a learning and certification program that covers COVID-19 prevention measures such as the use of personal protective equipment for hosts or their cleaners, disinfectants approved by regulatory authorities, and the CDC-recommended 24-hour wait period before entering after previous guests leave. Guests will be able to identify and book accommodations included in the program as soon as hosts enroll, DeBold Fusco says.
More selective hosts
Travelers opting for home stays can expect safety-minded hosts to be more particular and inquisitive. Varain says she has many more questions for potential guests and is grateful that Airbnb sent messaging to use. Queries include: “In the last two weeks, have you or anyone you live with traveled to any areas impacted by COVID-19?” and “Do you currently have any travel restrictions in your area due to COVID-19?”
Traditionally, Varain's Maui property sees three-night bookings, but she'd now prefer longer stays to lessen the foot traffic. Indeed, DeBold Fusco notes that Airbnb has seen a 20 percent increase in bookings for longer-term stays (defined as 28 days or longer) as compared to last year, and that 80 percent of Airbnb hosts now accept longer stays.
Finding rentals may be trickier for travelers, as well. States including Florida and Hawaii have deemed vacation rentals a nonessential business, making it illegal for homeowners in these states to rent on platforms like Airbnb and HomeAway until further notice from local governments. Portland, Maine, and other cities have also banned short-term vacation rentals.
Travelers who do book home rentals will find more flexible cancellation policies. Unlike with a hotel booking, guests must pay for the bulk of their home rental in advance. In March, Airbnb said it would give 100 percent refunds to guests who had already booked reservations between then and April 14, writing that “Airbnb's Extenuating Circumstances policy allows hosts and guests to cancel eligible reservation with no charge or penalty.” The policy has since been extended to May 31.
Vrbo said it would ask hosts to refund a minimum of 50 percent of what customers paid, if they are not willing to rebook at another date. “We expect vacation homeowners and property managers to be flexible with travelers who had to cancel,” Kwong says. Vrbo recently created a cancellation badge for properties with flexible policies, plus it's also refunding 100 percent of traveler service fees (a nominal fee collected by the company, not the homeowner) for trips canceled due to the coronavirus.
Last month, Airbnb introduced some tools and programs called More Flexible Reservations to help hosts and guests navigate uncertainty as plans are canceled or postponed. If guests need to cancel bookings made through June 1, Airbnb will also refund its nominal guest service fee as a travel coupon redeemable on a future trip.
Still, no guarantees
Despite the extra cleaning measures, host-guest education and flexibility, companies like Airbnb, HomeAway and Vrbo aren't liable in the same way hotels are, stresses David Sherwyn, a hospitality professor at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Ultimately, the homeowners, not the booking platform, decide how thoroughly they clean their home and whether to issue a refund, Sherwyn says. “Home rental companies can say, “We tell our people to follow these procedures,” but they cannot guarantee it,” he notes. “You are counting on the homeowner."
For that reason, “hotels will definitely be my preferred accommodation for the foreseeable future,” says Bill Cummings, a 67-year-old retiree who lives in the Villages, a Central Florida retirement community. “I'm reluctant to believe every homeowner is going to follow proper cleaning standards. It's a gamble I don't want to take.” Cummings has found emails from hotel brands such as Hilton and Marriott touting extraneous cleaning steps and flexible cancellation and change fees reassuring.