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En español | Although you may hear a lot about smart speakers such as Amazon Echo, Apple HomePod and Google Home, the truth is that Alexa, Siri and Google Assistant are pretty dumb.
To turn them into fully functional digital butlers, you’ve got to do some extra work to allow them to use the knowledge that already exists elsewhere.
A virtual assistant right out of the box is limited by design. When you ask for the news, you want a brief summary of top stories, not a question from Alexa asking what type of news you want.
Once you “teach” your smart speaker the ropes by linking it to services you already use, your assistant can become a lot smarter — and attuned to you and your family.
Give your digital assistant ‘skills’
• Amazon’s Alexa initially focused on preprogrammed commands it dubbed “skills” to reduce the kind of confusion early voice recognition systems once caused.
These basically are phrases associated with another app, device or service that can in turn be controlled by Alexa. To enable these services, you usually have to search for the skill, like Spotify, in the Alexa app and then sign into the other service to link it to Alexa.
After that, you can use Alexa’s voice commands to control the other service or device.
• Google Home works in a similar fashion; just follow the Setup or add option in the service’s smartphone app. You then can connect music services or other devices in your house to the Google voice assistant.
• Apple HomePod, which features Siri, needs to be set up in your iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch’s Home app — no computers or Android devices allowed.
Though HomePod is designed to work with Apple apps, it can work with some other services, including Spotify, through its AirPlay streaming protocol. But you won’t be able to control those third-party services with your voice, just your phone.
And the HomePod doesn’t have the same breadth of skills available on various Amazon Echo or Google Home devices.
Think about access you want to allow
To really tap into the convenience and power of these digital factotums, you have to give them more access to your digital life. And the more access you grant (such as to your contacts, web browsing history, even your YouTube habits), the more helpful Amazon’s Alexa, Apple’s Siri and Google Home’s Assistant become.
• Google Home’s Assistant does most of this by tethering everything to your Gmail account. Once you give it access, it can tap into your contacts and your online calendar.
And so can you. Google not only can announce what’s on your agenda for the day, it also can understand spoken commands to enter new appointments — such as, “Call the vet tomorrow.” The additions then will simultaneously show up in your online calendar.
Want to call a friend? With access to your address book, just say “Call my daughter” or “Call Mark Vanderlay,” and Google will pull the number from your list of contacts and place the call over its internet connection, essentially turning your smart speaker into a speaker phone. You also can say the phone number.
• Amazon’s Alexa works in a similar fashion although it revolves around your Amazon shopping and Prime sign-in information.
The program periodically uploads your contacts to Amazon to improve calls. It also will let you leave messages.
If you want to grant it access to your calendar, it can be linked to Apple’s iCloud, Google’s Calendar or Microsoft Outlook.
• Apple HomePod links to your iPhone so you can make and receive calls by asking Siri to call a name from your contacts.
As long as you’re comfortable with such cozy digital relationships, these voice assistants can seamlessly handle daily chores and tasks, trading information between your smart speaker and smartphone so that you’re never at a loss.
For example, the services let you dictate a shopping list at home, which then will show up on the assistant’s app on your smartphone. You can ask Alexa or Google Assistant to print the shopping list it saved in your app, but you have to own a compatible printer and connect your digital helper to it via the assistant’s app.
The same goes for recipes.
Set up a morning ‘routine’
Suppose you want to teach your digital assistant new tricks? Both Amazon and Google include tools for coordinating several common tasks under a single spoken command.
• Google calls them “Routines,” a series of actions you can associate with a single phrase. When I say “Good morning,” the phone can be set to do things such as take itself off silent mode, read the weather forecast, tell me the appointments I have today and then read the news.
A handful of canned routines such as Bedtime allow you to associate actions simply by clicking on option boxes. Or you can create custom routines.
• Apple calls its routines Siri Shortcuts.
• Amazon’s Alexa also lets you set up routines although it’s not as straightforward. Select Routines from the app’s main menu, and it will walk you through the process. Just don’t use any punctuation in the commands, and you’ll be fine.
A couple of preset routines also are available. After you’ve shut off an alarm, you can have your smart speaker wish you a good morning and read the news to you.
Voice assistants continue to add new features, so you’ll want to check for new options regularly.
Several car and television manufacturers now let you use Alexa to remotely start your SUV or change TV channels. It’s sure a long way from The Clapper, invented in 1985.
John R. Quain is a contributor to the New York Times and editor-in-chief of OntheRoad.
5 great things you can do with a smart speaker
1. Get weather forecasts. Smart speakers know where you live, so just ask for the weather forecast. Want to know what it’s like at a travel destination? You can ask for that, too.
2. Set timers and reminders. You can set timers for everything from boiling an egg to retrieving your laundry. You can even say things like, “Alexa, set a daily reminder for me to take my vitamins.”
3. Play music. Ask your speaker to play a genre of music, such as big band or jazz, or one of your favorite streaming services, like “Play my Cake channel from Pandora.”
4. Hear news reports. Smart speakers will read news summaries and you can select the source, such as NPR, the BBC, etc., as well as get local headlines by adding your zip code.
5. Find your phone. Can’t find your smartphone?Just ask your smart speaker to call your phone. With luck, you left the ringer on.