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Court Orders VA to Reopen Agent Orange Claims of Blue Water Veterans

Up to 15,000 Vietnam vets who served offshore or their survivors could receive retroactive benefits

A plane is getting ready to take off from an aircraft carrier

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Planes are readied for an airstrike off the coast of Vietnam.

A U.S. District Court in California ordered the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to reevaluate thousands of denied benefit claims for exposure to Agent Orange filed by so-called Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans, service members who were stationed on ships in deep waters off the coast of Vietnam during the war.

The ruling could impact 2,000 to 15,000 veterans and their survivors, who could receive an average of $28,000 in benefits. This could potentially result in hundreds of millions of dollars in relief for Blue Water veterans, according to estimates from to the National Veterans Legal Services Program (NVLSP), a nonprofit that filed the motion.

Based on the court's decision, the VA has until March 5, 2021, to reevaluate previous claims that were denied on the basis that the veterans did not set foot on land in Vietnam or serve in its inland waterways.


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By July 3, 2021, the VA must determine the amount of retroactive compensation, if any, a veteran or a survivor is entitled to, provided that the veteran served in the territorial waters of Vietnam during the war.

NVLSP executive director Bart Stichman said that the compensation amount will be based on the veteran's disability rating. The amount of money that would go to a surviving spouse is determined by a separate statute.

However, it is unclear if the VA plans to appeal the ruling. When asked by AARP on Nov. 13, the department said it is “reviewing the decision."

Legal fight over Blue Water benefits spans decades

An estimated 90,000 Blue Water veterans were ineligible for Agent Orange-related benefits until January 2020, after the Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans Act of 2019 was signed into law. Previously, only Vietnam War veterans who served on the ground or within inland waterways were eligible to receive disability compensation based on a presumption of exposure to the chemical defoliant.

The court's recent ruling determined that a consent decree from a 1991 decision in Nehmer v. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs should have applied to decisions made by the VA regarding benefit claims related to Agent Orange filed by Blue Water veterans.

"The objective and reasonable intent of the consent decree was to require automatic readjudications for all persons entitled to benefits under the Acts,” U.S. District Judge William Alsup said in the ruling. “The Acts extended benefits to all those military personnel who had served within ‘the Republic of Vietnam.’ “

Between 1991 and 2002 the VA retroactively gave benefits to Blue Water veterans under the consent decree using a Vietnam War service medal as the basis for assuming Agent Orange exposure.

In 2002 the VA changed its policy to provide benefits only to service members who had served on land or on inland waterways.

"We applaud the Court's recognition that Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans and their survivors have been wrongly denied retroactive disability and death benefits ever since 2002, when VA reversed its prior position and denied the presumption of Agent Orange exposure to veterans who served in the territorial seas of Vietnam,” said the NVLSP's Stichman in a press statement. “These veterans and their surviving family members have already been waiting years for benefits to which they are entitled under the Consent Decree simply because they did not set foot in the land mass of Vietnam."

If you believe you were wrongly denied a benefit claim related to Agent Orange, contact the NVLSP at AgentOrange@nvlsp.org or call its Nehmer hotline at 855-333-0677.

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