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How Much Do You Know About Diabetes Care?

Test your knowledge about tests, blood sugar levels, diet and more

spinner image How to care for someone with diabetes
Jon Krause

Question 1 of 10

What are some of the first signs of diabetes?

In addition to these, early signs of diabetes include being very thirsty, feeling very tired, having dry skin and having more infections than usual.

Question 2 of 10

Which of these tests is used to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes?

A1C (HbA1C) measures your blood sugar over the past three months. Fasting plasma glucose tests measure your blood sugar levels when you have not eaten overnight. Glucose tolerance tests measure your blood sugar before and after you drink a liquid containing glucose.

Question 3 of 10

In a fasting plasma sugar test, which of these glucose levels is considered healthy?

A glucose level of 100 to 125 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) is considered prediabetes; 126 mg/dL or higher is diabetes. Between 70 and 100 is considered a healthy blood sugar level. A fasting glucose level below 70 mg/dL can mean hypoglycemia, or blood sugar that is too low.

Question 4 of 10

Which of these is a sneaky sign of diabetes?

Although skin tags are generally harmless, studies have found an increased risk of diabetes in people who have skin tags.

Question 5 of 10

If you are diagnosed with diabetes, what’s a step you can take to lower your risk of becoming severely ill?

People with diabetes are at higher risk for illness and death from COVID-19, and the coronavirus may worsen diabetes.

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Question 6 of 10

How much is the Medicare insulin cost cap?

As part of a new law designed to cut prescription drug costs, there’s a $35-a-month cap on out-of-pocket costs for insulin covered by Part D prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage (MA) plans that include drug coverage.

Question 7 of 10

A glycemic index is used to rate foods containing carbohydrates by how quickly they cause blood sugar to rise. It goes from 0 to 100. Which of these foods has a high glycemic index (70 or higher)?

Oatmeal, quinoa and white potato have low glycemic index (55 or less); a bagel has a medium glycemic index (55 to 69), and white bread has a high glycemic index.

Question 8 of 10

Which of these devices can help people with diabetes measure their blood sugar?

A CGM uses a tiny sensor inserted under the skin to measure glucose in the body. The Food and Drug Administration recently warned people with diabetes not to use smartwatches or rings that don’t require skin pricks to measure blood sugar.

Question 9 of 10

Which of these foods is one that would not help people manage diabetes?

Oats can improve insulin action, berries can decrease glucose absorption, nuts can help you feel full while keeping blood sugar low, and dark leafy green vegetables are loaded with nutrients.

Question 10 of 10

Which of these medications is approved for use in type 2 diabetes and also causes weight loss in many people?

Ozempic (semaglutide) gained federal approval in 2017 for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The drug works by helping the pancreas release the right amount of insulin when blood sugar levels are high, while also making people feel full.

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