Javascript is not enabled.

Javascript must be enabled to use this site. Please enable Javascript in your browser and try again.

Skip to content
Content starts here
CLOSE ×
Search
Leaving AARP.org Website

You are now leaving AARP.org and going to a website that is not operated by AARP. A different privacy policy and terms of service will apply.

Colorectal Cancer Increasing Among Younger Adults

American Cancer Society notes shortfalls in screening among people ages 50 to 54

spinner image Serious doctor looking at woman while holding digital tablet.
MORSA IMAGES/GETTY IMAGES

Half of all new diagnoses of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the United States are now in people 66 or younger, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).

CRC is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in both men and women in the United States. 

That statistic, according to ACS, illuminates what its researchers found in compiling their 2020 edition of “Colorectal Cancer Statistics” — the burden of CRC has shifted in recent years to younger people who are less vigilant than older adults in keeping up with CRC screenings.

spinner image Image Alt Attribute

AARP Membership— $12 for your first year when you sign up for Automatic Renewal

Get instant access to members-only products and hundreds of discounts, a free second membership, and a subscription to AARP the Magazine. Find out how much you could save in a year with a membership. Learn more.

Join Now

CRC is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in both men and women in the United States. According to the ACS, “Rapid declines in CRC incidence occurred in people 50 and older during the 2000s, largely because of increased screening with colonoscopy, which can prevent cancer by removing premalignant polyps.” In recent years, declining rates have continued for people 65 and older (averaging a drop of 3.3 percent annually from 2011 through 2016), while rates increased for people 50 to 64 (averaging an increase of 1 percent annually from 2011 through 2016). Similarly, rates increased 2.2 percent per year for people under 50 during that time frame.

For expert tips to help feel your best, get AARP’s monthly Health newsletter.

Mortality rates have followed a similar pattern. Between 2008 and 2017, death rates declined by 3 percent per year in people 65 and older, declined 0.6 percent per year in people 50 to 64 and increased 1.3 percent per year in those under 50.

Rebecca Siegel, scientific director of surveillance research at ACS, said a greater focus on screenings is needed. “Unfortunately, tools that are very effective at reducing the burden of this disease are not being fully utilized. One in three people 50 and older is not up to date on screening; many of them have never been screened at all. We could save countless lives by increasing access to screening in rural and other low-income areas, especially in Alaska, and incentivizing primary care clinicians to ensure that all patients 45 and older are screened, as well as facilitating healthier lifestyles in our communities,” she said in a statement.

Two-thirds of individuals 50 and older were current for CRC screening in 2018, but less than half of people ages 50 to 54 years were up to date. The ACS states, “Screening is also low among immigrants in the U.S. less than 10 years (26 percent), people who are uninsured (30 percent) or Medicaid-insured (53 percent) and Asian Americans (55 percent)."

Discover AARP Members Only Access

Join AARP to Continue

Already a Member?

spinner image AARP Membership Card

Join AARP today for $16 per year. Get instant access to members-only products and hundreds of discounts, a free second membership, and a subscription to AARP The Magazine. Find out how much you could save in a year with a membership. Learn more.