1964 Freedom Summer
En español | Fifty years ago this month, the civil rights movement exploded into America’s consciousness. As the U.S. Senate wrestled with historic legislation addressing segregation and discrimination, events in the South, across the nation and around the world grabbed headlines and demanded attention. — Steve Schapiro/Corbis1 of 14
Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison on June 12 for committing sabotage against the South African apartheid government. — Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis2 of 14
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James Farmer (in middle) was national director of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in June 1964.
— Bettmann/Corbis4 of 14
Civil rights leader Julian Bond stands next to a bus full of young people taking part in a CORE training session aimed at registering voters in Mississippi.
— Steve Schapiro/Corbis5 of 14
Malcolm X announces on June 28 the creation of the Organization of Afro-American Unity, to win freedom for blacks “by any means necessary.”
— The Granger Collection6 of 14
Civil Rights Act
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act on July 2 after the U.S. Senate passes the landmark legislation, which prohibits discrimination in public places, education and employment on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin or sex.
— Bettmann/Corbis7 of 14
Three civil rights workers —Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Michael Schwerner — disappear on June 21 after investigating a church burning near Philadelphia, Miss., triggering a massive FBI investigation.
— Bettmann/Corbis8 of 14
In 1960, a black student picketed outside Woolworth’s in Greensboro, N.C., in support of the lunch counter sit-in taking place inside, while a white counter-demonstrator kept in step with him.9 of 14
Civil Rights Education
Freedom Schools were established to address the unequal education received by blacks. Volunteers taught the history of the civil rights movement and leadership development in addition to reading, writing and arithmetic.10 of 14
Barry Goldwater won the 1964 GOP nomination for president. The founder of the conservative movement opposed the Civil Rights Act, saying it was unconstitutional for the federal government to intrude into states’ affairs.11 of 14
Unity Among Protestors
Black and white civil rights demonstrators gather together in Mississippi.12 of 14
The bodies of Schwerner, Goodman and Chaney were found two months later, buried in an earthen dam.
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— Steve Schapiro/Corbis13 of 14
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