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PPI Research examines the prospects for secure middle-class retirement.  


See also personal stories of struggling middle-class Americans.

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PPI Staff

Mikki D. Waid, Ph.D.

Senior Strategic Policy Advisor, PPI Economics Team

Miki Waid, AARP

Mikki D. Waid, Ph.D.

Mikki D. Waid works on the Economics Team as a specialist in Social Security. She has previously worked at the Social Security Administration and the Congressional Research Service where she specialized in microsimulation modeling and writing SAS computer programs to model the calculation of Social Security benefits under current law and policy alternatives. She has written papers on the effect of the Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996, which suspended the Social Security benefits of individuals whose primary disability was related to drug abuse or alcoholism.

In addition, Dr. Waid has studied the retirement income of the Baby Boom generation, the earnings of women after a divorce and the redistribution of Social Security benefits. Most recently, she finished her Ph.D. from the George Washington University where her dissertation analyzed the differences in wealth accumulation between whites and blacks.

Areas of expertise

Social Security, wealth (especially differences in wealth by race), computer programming (SAS, STATA, E-Views)

Selected publications

Options to address Social Security Solvency and Their Impact on Beneficiaries: Results from the Dynasim Microsimulation Model

Disability Benefit Applications, Economic Trends, and Projections (pages 95-114)

Follow-up of Former Drug Addict and Alcoholic Beneficiaries

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