What if all new homes could, to the greatest extent possible, be suitable for anyone, regardless of a person’s age, ability or life stage? Richard Duncan thinks about that possibility a lot, and he’s working to make it a reality.
Subscribe Today! AARP Livable Communities Newsletter
As the executive director of the RL Mace Universal Design Institute and cofounder of the Better Living Design Institute™ (of which AARP is a sponsor), Duncan is a specialist in architectural and product accessibility and universal design in residential, public and transportation environments. He has worked at two of the nation’s leading organizations in the field — the Adaptive Environments Center in Boston (now called the Institute for Human Centered Design) and the North Carolina-based Center for Universal Design.
Duncan is also an advisor to the annual “Home for Life” project, a collaboration of AARP and house plans publisher Hanley Wood. (When you’re done reading this interview, visit the 2014 Home for Life slideshow.)
1. What do the terms “universal design” and “Better Living Design” mean — and what don’t they mean?
Universal design and Better Living Design are actually pretty close in meaning. Universal design is quite broad and applied to the entire designed world, including the built environment but also to educational practices and even the digital environment.
Better Living Design is focused exclusively on the residential sector: new home design and construction, home remodeling and the products that go into homes.
Universal design was developed 30 years ago with the imperative that designers and the design to accommodate a wider range of users and understand that peoples’ performance characteristics change throughout their lives. As applied to housing, universal design means accommodating design features that are integrated into the overall design of a home or product. The result is that the home or product works better for a wide range of people and is appealing and marketable to a wide audience.
One reason we created the “Better Living Design” brand was because of challenges that both the home building industry and consumers have had understanding what universal design is. Those challenges have prevented a broader adoption of universal design.
The problem is that for many people, universal design has become a general-purpose term for assistive technology and all things accessible. People associate UD with specialty home features such as ramps and wheelchair lifts and kitchens designed for seated users. While these elements are essential for folks who need them, mainstream households seeking general-purpose homes and remodeling don’t see those features as useful or desirable.
In contrast, research shows that consumers will gravitate toward ease-of-use and convenience features that look quite typical and are well integrated into the design of a home. Better Living Design-constructed homes look like other homes in a neighborhood but have features that are quite handy and have lasting utility. Better Living Design (also referred to as BLD) homes are a terrific long-term value that works well for residents and visitors — today and in the future.
The Better Living Design Institute's job is to make people aware of these good looking, value-added, generic features that can be included in new homes or designed into many remodeling projects.
2. Walk us through a “Better Living Designed” home.
A BLD home isn’t difficult to achieve. The program gives people lots of flexibility in how to integrate these features into a new home or remodeling project. There isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach. For example, one-story homes work well for Better Living Design, but homes with or without basements can also be fine, and even homes with two or three levels can work well. Almost any size home in any style can become a Better Living Design home.
Among the features of a Better Living Design home:
- The house looks like the other houses in the neighborhood, both outside and inside.
- The house has at least one way to get into it that doesn’t require using stairs. This access could be through the front door or the garage, or a back or side door. Having at least one no-step entrance is as helpful to a parent pushing a baby stroller as it is to an older person.
- The house would ideally have an open plan design, at least on the first floor, so it’s easy to get around. Hallways would be at least 42 inches wide with passage doorways of 34 inches wide.
- The key function areas of the home — a bedroom, the kitchen, bathroom, laundry —are on a level that can be reached without using stairs.
- The kitchen has easy-to-reach storage and multiple work surface heights to accommodate tall and short people.
- In an ideal BLD home, outlets and wall switches are easy to reach and the house can easily accommodate home technology for controlling lighting, HVAC, security, communications, entertainment and maybe even home health technologies.
Many additional products and features can enhance a BLD home. However, the main features that make the biggest difference in peoples’ lives are primarily structural and are built-in at the time of new construction or remodeling.
Next page: Builder do's and don'ts. »
Home remodeling projects can be costly and home access modifications (or even renovations that include BLD features) are no exception. Of course, if someone is already living in a BLD home, any necessary alterations will be minimal and not too costly.
However, homeowners or renters can take free and low-cost steps to live safely and independently. The elimination of tripping hazards is an important change that can be achieved by simply removing area rugs, clutter and dangerously placed extension cords.
If someone is living in a two-story residence with upstairs bedrooms, in the short-term a first-floor room can be converted into a bedroom. Adding fold-back hinges that can widen the effective width of a narrow doorway is also a fairly easy fix that many can accomplish with a screwdriver.
While other changes — such as adding ramps, installing bathroom grab bars and staircase handrails, widening hallways and doorways will likely require professional handyman help, local service organizations, religious groups and public agencies often have programs and volunteers that can assist in making such home improvements. (Renters will have to negotiate with their landlord for any of these changes.)
For do-it-yourself home modification tips and overall information about making a home safer and more comfortable, see the AARP Home Fit Guide and the AARP pamphlet No-Cost, Low-Cost Home Improvements for a More Comfortable, Safer and Easy-to-Live-In Home.