En español | While it's flattering to get a call from a recruiter, it can be a complicated relationship.
A good rapport can be a win for both of you. You get the inside track on great jobs — ones that may never have hit your radar. If you get the gig, the recruiter earns a fee — paid by the employer — for playing matchmaker.
Yet this seemingly symbiotic relationship can be confusing for a job seeker, especially if you've never worked with one before and are not sure what the recruiter's role is in getting you hired.
Here are seven myths about recruiters that you should know about in case you get a call from one.
1. Recruiters find you from industry colleagues who sing your praises
While that's possible, it's not so much the norm anymore. Recruiters increasingly are using the Web to seek out experienced candidates. That's why you must have a digital profile with an active social media presence on sites such as Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter. You might also have your own personal website to highlight your work and write a blog.
As I wrote in a previous column, "15 Ways to Improve Your LinkedIn Profile," a study by the Society for Human Resource Management found that 77 percent of employers are using social network sites to recruit. Among the recruiters using social tools, 94 percent said they use LinkedIn to find candidates.
Recruiters also search job boards such as Monster, CareerBuilder and Indeed. Still others look at Instagram and Pinterest, where folks with visually oriented jobs (such as graphic design) are posting résumés, says Sandra Jackson, an information technology (IT) industry recruiter for nearly two decades and founder of JobTownResumes.com, a résumé writing service.
2. Recruiters find you, not vice versa
If you want to work with a recruiter as part of your job-hunting strategy, go for it. You can track them down by using the methods they employ to find their candidates: via networking, referrals from colleagues and social media.
"You can shop online for recruiters the same way you can shop for a new car or for a vacation spot or for home repair," says Thomas J. Dixon, a food industry recruiter and president of Dixon Associates.
For example, if you type "Food Manufacturing Recruiter Plano, Texas" into the Google search engine, you will find Dixon's website. There are also trade associations of executive recruiters in most urban areas that provide a website with their members' names and expertise listed.
LinkedIn Groups and Twitter chats (such as #OMCChat and #InternPro) are places to meet active recruiters, too, says Mark Babbitt, CEO and Founder of YouTern, a leading career website.
Look for a recruiter who has expertise in the industry in which you're interested. It's best to choose one or two recruiters that specialize in your field and build a relationship with them, says Jackson. "If you submit your résumé to every recruiter, thinking it will improve your chances, it can cause conflict at the hiring company — something you definitely don't want to happen," she adds. That's because agencies often work with the same clients, and if you have several agencies submitting your résumé for a job, it puts the hiring company in a tricky spot.
Keep in mind that a recruiter you contact may not have time to meet with you or talk to you at length until a job opening that's right up your alley crosses his or her desk. Recruiters typically will do a prescreening over the phone if you contact them and then file your résumé in their database for future jobs.
3. The recruiter works for you
The voice on the other end of the phone is super friendly. Your calls are returned in a nanosecond. The recruiter assures you that you're perfect for the job, and naturally, you get your hopes up.
Be forewarned: Despite the pursuit, chances are that you're not the only candidate a recruiter is presenting to a client. "They will try to find four or five great candidates for the client to choose from," says Jackson. "You're not going to be the only game in town."
Be careful not to fall under the spell of the courtship, or you'll be upset when the recruiter suddenly goes into "radio silence mode" and your calls are no longer returned.
Don't take it personally. It's business. There's probably a good reason — the company filled the position in-house or changed the criteria of what it was looking for. Once the job is off the table, so are you.
The full-court press that recruiters use to get to know you is like speed dating. The recruiter is eager to forward your résumé to a hiring manager at a firm that's hiring and get an interview on the calendar immediately. Recruiters generally work for a finder's fee. "They don't get paid by their client until you've signed a job offer, so they're typically very anxious to talk with you about the positions they're trying to fill," says Babbitt.
The bottom line: Recruiters are salesmen. It's about closing the deal. So time is of the essence.