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MIDDLE CLASS SECURITY PROJECT

PPI Research examines the prospects for secure middle-class retirement.  

 

See also personal stories of struggling middle-class Americans.

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Data Center

PPI State Data Center

Data by state on Americans 50-plus: health, financial security, housing, caregiving and more.  Read

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Learn about the policy development process at AARP, and read about AARP's positions on public issues in The Policy Book, AARP Public Policies
2011-2012.
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Faces of Chronic Care, a video produced by AARP’s Public Policy Institute, explores the difficulties faced by many older Americans with chronic health conditions as they (and their caregivers) navigate the health delivery system. Watch

Championing
Nursing

PPI is home to the Center to Champion Nursing in America, an initiative of AARP, the AARP Foundation and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The Center coordinates the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action, a nationwide initiative to transform health care through nursing, engaging a wide range of health care professionals, consumer advocates, policy-makers, and the business, academic, and philanthropic communities. More

PPI Staff

Susan C. Reinhard, RN, Ph.D., FAAN

Senior Vice President and Director, AARP Public Policy Institute, Chief Strategist, Center to Champion Nursing in America

Dr. Susan C. Reinhard is a Senior Vice President at AARP, directing its Public Policy Institute, the focal point for public policy research and analysis at the state, federal and international levels.   She also serves as the Chief Strategist for the Center to Champion Nursing in America, a national resource center created to ensure America has the nurses it needs to provide care in the future.

Dr. Reinhard is a nationally recognized expert in health and long-term care policy, with extensive experience in conducting, directing and translating research to promote policy change. Previously, she served as Professor and Co-Director of Rutgers Center for State Health Policy, directing several national initiatives with states to help people with disabilities of all ages live in their communities.

As Deputy Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, she led the development of policies and nationally recognized programs for family caregiving, consumer choice and community-based care options. She is a former faculty member at the Rutgers College of Nursing, an American Academy of Nursing fellow and a National Academy of Social Insurance member. She holds a master's degree in nursing from the University of Cincinnati and a Ph.D. in Sociology from Rutgers University.

Selected publications

How the Affordable Care Act Can Help Move States Toward a High-Performing System of Long-Term Services and Supports

Weathering the Storm: The Impact of the Great Recession on Long-Term Services and Supports

A Balancing Act: State Long-Term Care Reform

Publications by Dr. Susan Reinhard

Farnham, J., Young, H. M., Reinhard, S., Petlick, N., Reinhard, T. F., Santillan, V. (2011). New Jersey Nurse Delegation Pilot Evaluation Report. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S. C. (2011). Reforming Medicare.  In D.J. Mason, J.K. Leavitt, & M.W. Chaffee, (Eds.), Policy and Politics in Nursing and Health Care (6th ed., 162-186).  

Reinhard, S.C., Kassner, E., Houser, A. (2011). How The Affordable Care Act Can Help Move States Toward A High-Performing System Of Long-Term Services And Supports Health Affairs, Vol.30, No.3, 447-453.

Robinson, K.M., Reinhard, S.C. (2011). Family Caregiving and Social Policy. In D.J. Mason, J.K. Leavitt, & M.W. Chaffee (Eds.) Policy and Politics in Nursing and Health Care (6th ed., 247-251). 

Cleary, B., Reinhard, S.C. (2011). The Center to Champion Nursing in America: Mobilizing Consumers and Other Stakeholders.  In D.J. Mason, J.K. Leavitt, & M.W. Chaffee (Eds.), Policy and Politics in Nursing and Health Care (6th ed., 618-620). 

Reinhard, S.C. (2010). A Case for Nurse Delegation Explores a New Frontier in Consumer-Directed Patient Care, Generations, Journal of the American Society on Aging Vol. 34, No. 4, 75-81.

Mitty, E, Resnick., B, Allen J., Bakerjian, D., Hertz, J, Gardner, Rapp, M.P, Reinhard, S.C, Young, H, Mezey, M. (2010). Nursing Delegation and Medication Administration in Assisted Living, Nursing Administration Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 2, 162 – 171.

Ronald, N, Quinn, W.V, Reinhard, S. C., Cleary, B.L, Rucker, Meredith, Akinwole, .B.S. 

(2010). Uniting States, Sharing Strategies: The Technical Assistance Program of the CCNA, AJN, American Journal of Nursing, Vol.110, No.2, 53 – 56.

Reinhard, S.C., Reinhard. (2010). "Diversion, Transition Programs Target Nursing Homes' Status Quo," Health Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 1, 44-48. It can be found at: http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/29/1/44.full.pdf+html.

Reinhard, S.C. Young, H.M. (2009). The Nursing Workforce in Long-Term Care Nursing Clinics of North America, Vol. 44, No. 2, 161-168.

Reinhard, S., Hassmiller, S.  (2009). Partners in Solutions to the Nurse Faculty Shortage, Journal of Professional Nursing, Vol. 25, No. 6, 335-339.

Reinhard, S., Redfoot, D., Cleary, B. (2009). Health and Long-Term Care: Are Immigrant Workers Indispensable? Generations, Journal of the American Society on Aging, Vol. 32, No. 4

Reinhard, S., Brooks-Danso, A., Kelly, K., & Mason, D. (2009). Editorial: How Are You Doing? Professional Partners Supporting Family Caregivers. American Journal of Nursing. September 2008, Vol. 108, No. 9, Supplement, 4-6.

Young, H.M., Sikma, S.K., Reinhard, S.C., Gray, S.L., Pham, D., McCormick, W, M.S. (2009). Research sheds light on medication errors and their clinical significance in assisted living settings in three states, Long-Term Care Management, Vol. 12, No. 2, 39.

Young, HM., Gray, S.L., McCormick, W.C., Sikma, S.K., Reinhard, S.C., Johnson-Trippett, L.S, Christlieb, C., Allen, TL. (2008). Types, Prevalence, and Clinical Significance of Medication Errors in Assisted Living: Is there a Problem? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(7): 1199-1205.

Lynn, Y.U., Hassmiller, S.U., Reinhard, S.C. (2008). The Importance and Challenge of Paying for Quality Nursing Care, Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, Vol. 9, No. 2, 68-72.

Stone, R.I., Reinhard, S.C. (2007). The place of assisted living in long-term care and related service systems. The Gerontologist, 47(Special Issue III), 23-32.

Reinhard, S. C. (2007). Reforming Medicare. In D. J. Mason, J. K. Leavitt, & M.W. Chafee (Eds.), Policy and politics in nursing and health care (5th edition), 414-421, St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier.

Reinhard, S.C., Given, B., Petlick, N.H., & Bemis, A. (2007).  Supporting family caregivers in providing care. In R. Hughes (Ed.), Patient safety and quality: An evidence-based handbook for nurses. Rockville, Maryland: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality      (in press).

Reinhard, S. C., Young, H.M., Kane, R. A., & Quinn, W. V. (2006). Nurse delegation of medication administration for older adults in assisted living. Nursing Outlook, 54(2), 61-116.

Reinhard, S.C. (2006). Wanted: Nurses who support caregivers. American Journal of Nursing, 106(8), 13.

Reinhard, S. C., & Farnham, J. (2006). Invitational forum: Advancing consumer choice through better understanding of nurse delegation. Community Living Exchange.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S. C., & Farnham, J. (2006). Support for consumer direction gains momentum. ASBN Update, 22, 20-21.

Reinhard, S.C., & Young, H. (2006). Guiding principles for the nurse-consumer relationship: Improved collaboration and support of consumers' community living. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S.C., & Young, H. (2006). Washington's nurse practice policies for home and community living. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S. C. & Reinhard, T.F. (2006). Scanning the field. FutureAge, 5(3), 34-36. 

Reinhard, S., & Hendrickson, L. (2006). Money Follows the Person: State approaches to calculating cost effectiveness.  Community Living Exchange Discussion Paper. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Auerbach, R, & Reinhard, S. (2006). Money Follows the Person: Challenges posed by waiting lists. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  ew Brunswick, New Jersey:  Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Ozaki, R.R., Reinhard, S.C., & Bemis, A. (2006). Sustaining systems change in Hawaii:  Real Choices Access website project. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., Young, H., Tiedemann, A.,Farnham, J., & Bemis, A. (2006). Nurse delegation in New Jersey: Pilot design and evaluation  plan. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S.C., & Farnham, J. (2006). Evaluating nursing home transition in Michigan. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S.C., & Farnham, J.  (2006). Indiana's efforts to help Hoosiers prevent unwanted nursing home residence. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S.C., & Farnham, J. (2006). Sustaining nursing home transition. Community Living Exchange Meeting Summary. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., Reinhard, S., & Farnham, J.  (2006). Money Follows the Person Toolbox.Community Living Exchange. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., Reinhard, S., & Farnham, J. (2006). Sustaining nursing home transition in Connecticut. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., & Hendrickson, L. (2006). Money Follows the Person: States' progress in using the Minimum Data Set (MDS) to facilitate nursing home transition. Community LivingExchange Discussion Paper. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S.C. & Reinhard, T.F. (2005). Scanning the field:  Nursing leadership in long-term care. Washington, D.C.: Institute for the Future of Aging Research. 

Reinhard, S.C., & Petlick, N.H. (2005). Sustaining New Jersey's evolving Community Choice Counseling Program.             Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey:  Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Auerbach, R, & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Minnesota's long-term care consultation services. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey:  Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Rebalancing state long-term care systems. Ethics, Law, and Aging Review, 11, 23-41.

Mezey, M., Greene Burger, S., Bloom, H. R., Bonner, A., Bourbonniere, M., Bowers, B., Burl, J.B., Capezuti, E., Carter, D., Dimant, J., Jerro, S.A., Reinhard, S.C., & Maat, M.T. (2005).  Experts recommend strategies for strengthening the use of advanced practice nurses in nursing homes.  American Geriatrics Society, 53(10), 1790 – 1797. 

Reinhard, S.C. (2005).  How will states pay for long term care? Paper commissioned by the Council on Health Care Economics and Policy, The Schneider Institute for Health Policy at Brandeis University,  for the invitational 12th Annual Princeton Conference, Princeton University, New Jersey.

Maslow, K., Levine, C., & Reinhard, S.C. (2005).  Public policy and family caregiver assessment. Paper commissioned by the National Center on Caregiving, Family Caregiver Alliance for the invitational National Consensus Development Conference on "Caregiver Assessment:  Principles, Guidelines and Strategies for Change", San Francisco, California, September 7-9, 2005.

Reinhard, S., & Bemis, A. (2005).  South Carolina's Care Call. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State          Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., Crisp, S., Bemis, A. & Huhtala, N. (2005).  Participant-centered planning and individual budgeting. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., Huhtala, N., & Bemis, A. (2005).  Individualized backup planning and Independence Plus in Louisiana and New Hampshire. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Money Follows the Person site visit: Pennsylvania

Community Choice Initiative.  Community Living Exchange States in Action Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., Booth, M., Reinhard, S., Hendrickson, L. (2005). Home and community based

services in Oklahoma: A systems review. Portland, Oregon:  National Academy for State Health Policy.

Fox, K., Sia, J., Reinhard, S. (2005).  Improving access to health care in a changing 

landscape: Facilitating enrollment in Medicare Savings Programs and Medicare Part D. State Solutions Issue Brief. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., Hendrickson, L., & Bemis, A. (2005).  Using the Minimum Data Set (MDS) to facilitate nursing home transition. Community Living Exchange Issue Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Ohio's search to improve access to long term services Community Living Exchange States in Action Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Connecting the Dots in Massachusetts:  Meeting summary and recommendations.  Community Living Exchange.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., & Mollica, R. (2005).  Connecting the Dots in Indiana:  Meeting summary and recommendations.  Community Living Exchange.  New Brunswick, New Jersey:            Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S.C., Bemis, A., & Huhtula, N. (2005).  Defining respite care.  Community LivingExchange Discussion Paper.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for Health Policy.

Mollica, R., & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Determining level of care:  Must physicians have a role in     the process?  Community Living Exchange Issue Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Mollica, R., & Reinhard, S. (2005).  Establishing "nursing home level of care":  How states vary. Community Living Exchange Issue Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center         for State Health Policy.

Lucas, J.A., Avi-Itzhak, T., Robinson, J.P., Morris, C.A., Koren, M.J., & Reinhard, S.C.(2005).  Continuous quality improvement as an innovation:  Which nursing facilities adopt it?  The Gerontologist, 45(1), 68-77.

Hendrickson, L., & Reinhard, S. (2004).  Global budgeting:  Promoting flexible funding to support long-term care choices. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., & Quinn, W. (2004).  Oregon's nurse practice policies for home and community living.  Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick,     Jersey:  Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S. (2004).  The work of caregiving: What do ADLs and IADLs tell us? In Carol A.Levine (Ed.), Family caregivers on the job:  Moving beyond ADLs and IADLs. 

(pp. 37-65). New York, New York: United Hospital Fund of New York.

Miceli, D., Strumpf, N., Reinhard, S.,Zanna, M., & Fritz, E.  (2004). Current approaches to post fall assessment in nursing homes.  Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 5(6), 1-8.

Stone, R. & Reinhard, S.C. (2004).  Assisted living's place in the long-term care and related service systems.  Paper commissioned by AHRQ/University of Minnesota for the invitational summit on "Developing Research to Shape and Improve Assisted Living" Washington, DC, June 12, 2004.

Scala-Foley, M. A., Caruso, J.T., Archer, D., & Reinhard, S. C. (2004).  Medicare's hospice benefits.  American Journal of Nursing, 104(9), 66-67.

Weiss, J., Caruso, J.T., Scala-Foley, M.A., Archer, D., & Reinhard, S. C., (2004).  Medicare skilled nursing facility benefits. American Journal of Nursing, 104(8), 65-67.

Caruso, J.T., Scala-Foley, M.A., Archer, D., & Reinhard, S.C. (2004).  A Medicare house call. American Journal of Nursing, 104,(7),  71-72.

Reinhard, S.C., Scala-Foley, M.A., Caruso, J.T., & Archer, D.(2004).  Medicare Savings Programs. American Journal of Nursing, 104(6), 62-64.

Scala-Foley, M.A., Caruso, J.T., Bader, E., & Reinhard, S.C. (2004). Medicare's hidden price tag.  American Journal of Nursing, 104(5), 32-34.

Scala-Foley, M. A., Caruso, J.T., Archer, D., & Reinhard, S.C. (2004). Medicare's preventive services.  American Journal of Nursing, 104(4), 73-75.

Levine, C., Reinhard, S.C., Feinburg, L.F., Albert, S., & Hart, A. (2004).  Family caregivers on the job:  Moving beyond ADLs and IADLs.  Generations, 27(4), 17-23.

Bader, E., Scala-Foley, M.A., Weiss, J., Caruso, J.T., & Reinhard, S.C. (2004). Medicare consumer rights: Appealing a denial of coverage. American Journal of Nursing,104(3), 70-72.

Scala-Foley, M.A., Caruso, J.T., Ramos, R., & Reinhard, S.C. (2004). Medicare eligibility, enrollment, and coverage.  American Journal of Nursing, 104(2), 81-83.

Reinhard, S.C., Grossman, J. & Piren, K. (2004).  Advocacy and the advanced practice nurse. In Lucille A. Joel (Ed.), Advanced practice nursing: Essentials for role development (pp. 280-300).  Philadelphia:  F.A. Davis Company.

Scala-Foley, M.A., Caruso, J.T., Ramos, R., & Reinhard, S.C.  (2004).  Making sense of Medicare:  The top 10 myths about Medicare.  American Journal of Nursing, 104(1), 34-37.

Fox, K., Trail, T., Reinhard, S., & Crystal, S. ( 2004).  Managing program costs in state pharmacy assistance programs (Publications No. 691).  New York, NY:  The Commonwealth Fund. 

Reinhard, S., & Quinn, W. (2004).  Consumer-directed care and states' nurse practice policies. Community Living Exchange State Policy in Practice Brief.  New Brunswick, New Jersey Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., & Charles J. Fahey (2003).  Rebalancing long-term care in New Jersey: From institutional toward home and community care.  New York, NY:  Milbank Memorial Fund (www.milbank.org/reports).

Reinhard, S.C., Young, H., Kane, R.A., & Quinn, W.V. (2003).  Nurse delegation of medication administration for elders in assisted living.  Report to the American Nurses Foundation. Washington, D.C. 

Reinhard, S. (2002).  State government: 50 paths to policy. In D. J. Mason, J. K. Leavitt, & M.W. Chafee (Eds.), Policy and politics: A handbook for nurses (4rd edition) (p. 491-497). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.

Mechanic, D., & Reinhard, S. (2002).  Contribution of nurses to health policy: Challenges and opportunities.  Nursing & Health Policy Review, 1(1), 7-15.

Stone, R.I., Reinhard, S.C., Bowers, B., Zimmerman, D., Phillips, C., Hawes, C., Fielding, J., & Jacobsen, N. (2002).  Evaluation of the Wellspring Model for improving nursing home quality.  New York: The Commonwealth Fund.

Reinhard, S., Quinn, W., & Silberberg, M. (2002).  Evaluation of the Balancing Long-term Care Systems Project.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., Barber, P., Mezey, M., Mitty, E., & Peed, J. (2002).  Initiatives to promote the nursing workforce in geriatrics.  Washington, D.C.: AAHSA, Institute for the Future of Aging Services.

Crystal, S., Fox, K., Silberberg, M., Trail, T., Reinhard, S., & Cantor, J. (2002).  Three states' approaches to pharmaceutical assistance: A guide for the perplexed. Washington, D.C.:  AARP Public Policy Institute.

Koller, M., Reinhard, S., & Cantor, J. (2001).  The New Jersey health policy environment and the New Jersey Health Initiatives: Results from discussions with senior state healthcare stakeholders.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S. (2001).  Consumer directed care and nurse practice acts.  Report prepared for the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C.  New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy.

Reinhard, S., & Scala, M. (2001).  Navigating the long-term care maze: New approaches to information and assistance in three states.  Washington, D.C.: AARP Public Policy Institute.

Reinhard, S. (2001).  Nursing's role in family caregiver support.  In K.J. Doka & J.D. Davidson (Eds.), Caregiving and loss:  Family needs, professional responses (pp. 181-190, 322-325). Washington, D.C.: Hospice Foundation of America.

Reinhard, S., & Stone, R. (2001).  Promoting quality in nursing homes: The Wellspring Model. Field Report.  The Commonwealth Fund.  New York: New York.

Futrell, M., Saulnier, C., & Reinhard, S. (2001).  Formal caregiving in home care.  Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 27(1), 7-8.

Reinhard, S., Rosswurm, M.A., & Robinson, K.M. (2000).  Policy recommendations for family caregiver support.  Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 26(1), 47-49.

Reinhard, S.C., Koren, M.J., & Morris, C.G. (2000).  Final Report to The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation:  Nursing Home Quality Partnership Demonstration Project #029680.  Trenton, New Jersey, New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services.

Reinhard, S.C., Morris, C.G., Lucas, J.A., Robinson, J.P., Koren, M.J., & Burger, S.G. (1999).  The nursing home quality partnership:  Setting the stage for quality in nursing homes.  Gerontologist, 39(Special Issue 1), 310-311.

Reinhard, S., Mason, K., Tepper C., Yeske S., and Vaccarro, E. (1998).  Enhancements to the drug utilization review process for the PAAD, Medicaid and other state funded programs, The New Jersey Journal of Pharmacy, 71, (5), 38-40.

Reinhard, S. (1998).  America is aging: Are we ready?  Public Health Nursing, 15 (4), 233-234.

Horwitz, A., Reinhard, S. (1997).  Home care for persons with serious mental illness.  In D.M.

Fox and C. Raphael (Eds.), Home-based care for a new century (pp. 269-292). Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, Inc.

Reinhard, S., Christopher, M.A., Mason, D. J., McConnell, K., Rusca, P., and Toughill, E. (1996).  Promoting healthy communities through neighborhood nursing.  Nursing Outlook, 44, 223-8.

Horwitz, A., Reinhard, S., Howell-White, S. (1996).  Caregiving as reciprocal exchange in families with seriously mentally ill members.  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 37, 149-162.

Reinhard, S., & Horwitz, A. (1995).  Caregiver burden: Differentiating the content and consequences of family caregiving.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 741-750.

Reinhard, S., & Moulton, P. (1995).  Integrating nursing informatics into the community health nursing graduate curriculum.  Public Health Nursing, 12, 151-158.

Horwitz, A., & Reinhard, S. (1995).  Ethnic differences in caregiver duties and burden among parents and siblings of the seriously mentally ill.  Journal of Health and Social Behavior,      36, 138-150.

Horwitz, A., & Reinhard, S. (1995).  Family and social network supports for the seriously mentally ill: Patient perceptions.  Research in Community and Mental Health, 8,  205 - 232.     

Reinhard, S. (1994).  Perspectives on the family's caregiving experience in mental illness.  Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 26, 70-74.

Reinhard, S. (1994).  Living with mental illness: Effects of professional support and personal control on caregiver burden.  Research In Nursing & Health, 17, 79-88.

Reinhard, S., Gubman, G., Horwitz, A., & Minsky, S. (1994).  Burden assessment scale for families of the seriously mentally ill.  Evaluation and Program Planning, 17,(3), 261-269.

Reinhard, S., Moulton, P. & Davis, J. (1994).  Healthy people 2000: Nursing informatics project.  In S.J. Grobe & E.S.P. Pluyter-Wenting (Eds.), Nursing informatics: An international overview for nursing in a technological era (pp. 411-413). New York: Elsevier.

Christopher, M.A., Reinhard, S., McConnell, K. & Mason, D. (1993).  Neighborhood nursing: The community as partner.  Caring, 12(1), 44-49.

Reinhard, S., & Cohen, S. (1993).  Lobbying policy makers: Individual and collective strategies.  In D. Mason, S. Talbott, & J. Leavitt (Eds.), Policy and politics: A handbook for nurses.  Florida:  W. B. Saunders.

Horwitz, A., & Reinhard, S. (1992).  Family management of labeled mental illness in a deinstitutionalized era: An exploratory study.  Perspectives on Social Problems, 4, 111-127.

Reinhard, S. (1992).  Managing and initiating change.  In E. Sullivan & P. Decker (Eds.), Effective management in nursing (3rd ed) (pp. 427-447).  Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.

Reinhard, S. (1984).  The effect of prospective reimbursement on nursing education.  In Franklin Shaffer (Ed.), DRGs: Changes and challenges (pp. 137-147).  New York: National League for Nursing.

Reinhard, S. (1988).  Jurisdiction control: The regulation of nurses' aides.  Nursing & Health Care, 9 (7), 372-375.

Reinhard, S. (1988).  Case managing community - based services for hip fractured elders.  Orthopedic Nursing, 7 (5), 42-49+.

Reinhard, S. (1986).  Financing long term health care of the elderly: Dismantling the medical model.  Public Health Nursing, 3 (1), 3-22.

Reinhard, S. & Aughenbaugh, A. (1985).  Policy for practice: Pronouncement of death. Nursing & Health Care, 6 (9), 488-491.

Reinhard, S. (1980).  Nursing responsibility in infant car safety.  American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 5 (1), 26-27.

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