Women face major challenges as they seek to live with independence and dignity as they age. With longer average life spans and higher rates of disability and chronic health problems than men, most women will need long-term services and supports (LTSS) in their lifetimes. Meanwhile, they often lack sufficient resources to pay for these additional years of greater care. Women are also the primary providers of LTSS, as the vast majority of both paid direct care workers and unpaid family caregivers are women. Women, therefore, are at the center of all aspects of LTSS.