Is it right that we pay fast-food workers more than those who provide care for our elders?
Who will take care of our aging parents and grandparents if we keep cutting nursing homes and community-based long-term care funding?
Seniors and their families around the state have been asking these questions in light of recent budget proposals being bandied about at the Texas Capitol. Under consideration is a 10 percent cut in payments to Medicaid providers – including community-based services and nursing homes – on top of a recent 2 percent rate cut that’s already gone into effect for nursing homes. AARP believes that pulling the rug out from under seniors on both ends of the long-term care service spectrum is penny wise and pound foolish.
Medicaid helps pay for two out of three nursing home stays in Texas. It’s the largest payer of long-term care in our state, with more than 60 percent of its dollars devoted to the care of the elderly and disabled. Plus, Medicaid brings important federal matching dollars to the state, to the tune of $1.47 for every dollar the state puts up.
Texas currently pays the second lowest Medicaid nursing homes reimbursement rates in the country. Further cuts would directly impact the quality of care received by residents, leaving nursing homes with no option but to reduce staffing. There are volumes of research documenting the relationship between staffing levels and the quality of care. Reduced payments to nursing homes will place our most vulnerable seniors in a dangerous situation.
The Legislature is also proposing to reduce oversight of nursing homes by reducing the number of staff responsible for their monitoring.
Cutting Medicaid funding for community-based care would push more people into nursing homes, which cost more for the state. The vast majority of older Texans want to stay in their homes for as long as they are able. On average, nursing home care costs the state more than $3,000 per person per month. Care at home costs the state between $700 and $1,500 per person per month. Community care funds are wisely spent state dollars because they provide coverage while people are still in reasonably good health, preventing the need for more costly treatment later.
Reducing payments for community care programs will make it increasingly difficult for Texans getting help from them to find workers who are willing to care for them. These programs already pay about minimum wage, $7.25 per hour.
Studies have shown that lowering payment rates would put the lives of nursing home residents at risk by reducing the number of facility staff. Reducing oversight of these facilities by state personnel would degrade the quality of care received by patients. At the same time, reducing rates for community-based care would push more people into nursing homes, which are more expensive for the state.
Rather than saving money, the proposed state budget is dangerous for seniors and costly for taxpayers. Both in terms of money and human lives, it’s a plan we just can’t afford.