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Dognapping Up in a 'Ruff' Economy

Here's how to keep your pet safe

Here's another scam resulting from an economy that's gone to the dogs: dognapping.

According to the American Kennel Club, the number of stolen dogs increased by almost 50 percent to 224 cases during the first seven months of 2011, compared with the same period in 2010.

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Dog-napping cases are becoming more common, tips to evade criminals - reward poster with dog

Photo by The Grosby Group/Newscom; Getty Images; Zoe Campagna/Photolibrary

Beware of dognapping.

"These are specific cases we could document in which a dog was stolen — not lost," says AKC spokesperson Lisa Peterson. "I'm sure the real number is much higher."

In the most sinister (and rare) cases, canines are brazenly held for ransom.

In one instance, an Arizona couple allegedly demanded $5,000 for the safe return of a beagle puppy. At the rendezvous point where ransom was to be paid, the owner grabbed her pup as cops waited nearby. The couple were arrested and charged with extortion and theft.

Prized for reward money

More often, dognappers play a waiting game for reward money, says Peterson. "What happens is that criminals take a dog and then wait to see if a reward is offered," she tells Scam Alert. "And if it is, there's a phone call or the dog miraculously is returned for the money."

Last Christmas, a golden retriever missing from a pickup truck was returned to a Texas resident after he offered a $10,000 reward.

The man who produced the dog wouldn't tell reporters much, other than to say he'd found the pooch on a street corner and the reward would help pay debts from his late father's liver transplant.

In another case, a California woman paid a $10,000 reward — offered on a "no questions asked" basis — for the return of her missing chorkie (a Chihuahua-Yorkshire mix). It had been stolen from her parked Cadillac.

Both owners admitted to having suspicions about the person returning the dog but didn't press charges because they were happy to have the pet back.

Given as gifts

Peterson cites several other reasons for dognapping. Some dogs, she says, are stolen — from homes, cars, parks and even pet stores and animal shelters — to resell via classified ads. "Or criminals just sell them on a street corner for a quick $50 or $100."

Still others are taken for personal use, or to be given as gifts. There's a noticeable uptick in dognapping around Valentine's Day and Mother's Day, she says.

No breed seems immune to theft, but Yorkies and Pomeranians lead the pack, because they're popular and their small size makes them easier to carry off. Puppies (and younger owners) also make for easy pickings, as evidenced by a theft in which an 11-week-old pup was ripped from the arms of a 5-year-old in Idaho.

Next: How to protect your pooch. >>

How to bite back

In addition to the obvious — keeping pets on a leash and never leaving them unattended in backyards or cars — your best defense against dognapping is to:

  • Get under-skin security. "A pet-identifying microchip implanted under the dog's skin can be scanned no matter where the dog turns up and proves that you're the owner," says Peterson. Pilfered pooches with microchips are considered by the legal system as stolen property, making a stronger case for criminal charges.
  • Post fliers and ads, without rewards. Include a recent photo and the "last seen" location. "But do not offer a reward because that only incentivizes criminals to steal and return the pet," Peterson says.
  • Call police. Even if you suspect a pet is lost and not stolen, file a report with the animal control officer. If someone subsequently says your pet has been found and requests a reward, a report will put you on stronger ground if you decide to take legal action.
  • Be mindful of bragging. If strangers approach to admire your dog during walks, don't answer questions about how much the dog cost or give details about where you live.

You may also like: Dogs keep owners on the fitness track.

Sid Kirchheimer is the author of Scam-Proof Your Life, published by AARP Books/Sterling.