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2019 'Dangerous by Design' Report

Too many roadways in too many places are too risky for pedestrians to walk along or cross the streets

The 2019 Dangerous by Design report ranks states and metropolitan areas throughout the United States according to how dangerous the roadways are for pedestrians.

Published by Smart Growth America and the National Complete Streets Coalition, with support from AARP, the American Society of Landscape Architects and the consulting firm of Nelson\Nygaard, the report's Pedestrian Danger Index measures how deadly it is for people to walk based on the number of people struck and killed by drivers while walking.

Visit the National Complete Streets Coalition website to download the 2019 Dangerous by Design report and/or a state fact sheet.

(Click the "State reports" tab. Scroll over the page's interactive map and select a state. A pop-up window will provide statistics about the state and a link to a two-page state-specific report.)

The report is based on traffic deaths that occurred between 2008 and 2017

  • Between 2008 and 2017, 49,340 people in the United States were struck and killed by drivers. That’s more than 13 people per day, or one person every hour and 46 minutes. It's the equivalent of a jumbo jet full of people dying every single month.

  • In the past decade, the number of people struck and killed by drivers while walking increased by 35 percent, with 2016 and 2017 as the two highest years on record since 1990.

  • Traffic deaths impact every community, but older adults, people of color, low-income communities, and cities and regions across the south bear a higher share of this harm.

  • The 20 states with the highest Pedestrian Danger Index ratings are Florida, Alabama, Delaware, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, New Mexico, Texas, Arizona, South Carolina, Nevada, Tennessee, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Arkansas, California, Missouri, Maryland, Michigan and Kentucky.

Why is this happening? We’re not walking more, and we’re barely driving more than we were back in 2008. What we are doing is continuing to design streets that are dangerous for people. 

See some key findings from the report as displayed in the slideshow below. Scroll down for related links, including to the complete report. 

Dangerously Incomplete Streets vs. Safely Complete Streets

Share photos on Facebook or Twitter of dangerous streets near you (use the hashtag #DangerousByDesign and tag @AARPLivable and @CompleteStreets)

Adapted from the executive summary of the Dangerous by Design 2019 report. Read about the 2016 and 2014 reports.
Page published January 2019, updated June 2019

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