Lifestyle Factors | Alcohol & Smoking
For a copy of these publications and others related to the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, visit the National Cancer Institute.
Alcohol and head and neck cancer risk in a prospective study
Drinking more than 3 alcoholic beverages per day is associated with increased risk of head and neck cancer in men and women. However, consumption of up to 1 drink per day may be associated with reduced risk relative to non-drinking, according to data from the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study. Among male and female drinkers, a significant dose-response relationship was found between alcohol consumption and cancer risk. However, non-drinkers showed an increased risk over moderate drinkers who consumed up to 1 alcoholic drink per day.
Alcohol, Smoking and Body Size in Relation to Incident Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Risk
Alcohol consumption, smoking, and body size all play a role in lymphoma etiology. According to the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study, which assessed these lifestyle factors in 285,079 men and 188,905 women ages 50-71:
- Compared with nondrinkers, alcohol consumers had a lower risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma overall and for its main subtypes
- Compared with never smokers, current smokers and recent quitters had higher risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma and lower risk of follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
- Severe obesity and taller height were associated moderately with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Tobacco and alcohol use are associated with increased risk for some types of esophageal and gastric cancers, according to data gathered by the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study on 474,606 U.S. participants. Between 1995/1996 and 2000, 97 participants were diagnosed with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), 205 with esophageal adenocarcinoma, 188 with gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, and 187 with gastric noncardia adenocarcinoma.
- Compared with nonsmokers, current smokers were at increased risk for all 4 cancer subtypes. The proportion of these cancers in participants due to smoking was 77% for ESCC, 58% for esophageal adenocarcinoma, 47% for gastric cardia, and 19% for gastric noncardia.
- Those who consumed more than 3 alcoholic beverages per day, compared with those whose intake was up to 1 drink per day, increased their risk for ESCC but not the other 3 cancer subtypes.
Further information about the study or individual reports may be obtained by contacting Nancy Wood of AARP at firstname.lastname@example.org or 202-434-2583.