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AARP's Social Security Q&A Tool

If my government pension is suspended or reduced, will my Social Security benefits increase?

En español | The answer to this question depends on what type of Social Security benefit a person is receiving.  If a person is receiving a retirement benefit, based on their own record, benefits are reduced by the Windfall Elimination Provision(WEP).  Benefit reduction from the WEP does not depend on the amount of the pension but rather on the number of years of covered employment. If the number of years under covered employment has not changed, then reducing/stopping the pension will have no effect.  

If a person is receiving a spousal or survivor benefit, benefits are reduced by the Government Pension Offset(GPO).  The GPO reduces benefits by 2/3 the amount of the government pension they are receiving so if the benefit is reduced, the Social Security benefit can go up.  As always, we recommend you contact the Social Security Administration for specific answers to your questions.

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