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En español | This 900-year-old beauty is still a weekend hangout for Queen Elizabeth II. Inside the world's oldest and largest occupied castle, browse the treasure-filled State Apartments and St. George's Chapel, the resting place of 10 monarchs. And get your camera ready for the Changing of the Guard in the courtyard — pageantry at its precise best.
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Perched dramatically on a rocky hill (an extinct volcano, actually), this is the Scottish capital's most iconic sight. Mary, Queen of Scots, gave birth to James VI here in 1566, and you can see the tiny bed-closet. Be dazzled by the jewel-encrusted crown, part of the Honours of Scotland (Scotland's crown jewels) and the coronation Stone of Destiny.
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Nestled in the forests of Bavaria is the epitome of a turreted fairytale castle — the real-life inspiration for Disneyland's Sleeping Beauty Castle. The mysterious and reclusive King Ludwig II in 1869 built this as a retreat, barring strangers from visiting. But since his death, more than 50 million people have toured the king's state rooms and ornate throne room.
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It's no surprise that this hilltop white-walled castle, resembling a heron in flight, is Japan's most visited castle. About a 90-minute drive west of Osaka, it's a remarkable example of Japanese medieval architecture — a complex of 83 buildings, with three moats and a tangle of spiraling pathways. Look out for the ghost of servant girl Okiku, who allegedly spurned the advances of a wealthy warlord in favor of her true love.
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Once you've acclimated to Lhasa's high altitude, head to the towering 1,300-year-old palace that crowns Tibet's capital. This 7th-century, 1,000-room monolith was previously a monastery, a fortress, the seat of the Tibetan government and a winter residence of the Dalai Lama. Visitors — including religious pilgrims — absorb the beauty of the jewel-laden stupa (a kind of Buddhist shrine), featuring tombs of previous Dalai Lamas, and make offerings at the altars.
On a cliff 400 feet above the Rajasthani city, this imposing fort achieved a burst of fame after it was featured in the 2012 movie The Dark Knight Rises. The writer Rudyard Kipling called it "the work of the giants," and the burnished red-sandstone structure certainly has a haunting, invincible quality. For more than five centuries it's been the headquarters of the Rajput clan. Check out the galleries containing Mughal treasures.
From the chapel where Louis XVI married Marie Antoinette to the 233-foot-long Hall of Mirrors, this immense castle is an opulent dazzler. Built near Paris, it was the kingdom's seat of the royal court from the 17th to 18th centuries, and today's visitors flock to see the Grand Apartments of the king and queen. Don't miss the landscaped statue-studded gardens, where the Grand Canal reflects the setting sun.
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Newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst bought 40,000 acres of coarse California ranchland and commissioned local architect Julia Morgan to "build a little something." His dream home, begun in 1919 and completed in 1947, became a 165-room estate filled with European art and surrounded by gardens with ornamental pools. It's now a National Historical Landmark and one of the world's greatest showpieces.
Michael Howell/Robert Harding/AP Images
Also known as the Portuguese Fort, Bahrain's main archaeological site dates to the 16th century. It's marked by an artificial mound layered with the remains of seven civilizations that have occupied this port city, beginning with the Dilmun Empire some 4,500 years ago. Walk atop its sturdy ramparts while taking in views of the capital city, Manama, and explore the ancient cemeteries.
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You can pay homage to monarchs and ancient civilizations — or just steep yourself in an area's rich history — while touring these royal homes and forts across the globe.
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