Welcome to the New Year! Many of us have begun 2009 with the typical resolutions: Eat better, exercise more, get more sleep. But I believe there is one common denominator on everyone's list this year: Be smarter with money and survive this financial crisis.
The downturn has us all worried. We are worried for ourselves; we are worried for our parents and loved ones. Given the scope of the economic collapse, everyone is being challenged on the financial front: Will I keep my job? Can I afford to retire? How will I afford rising health care costs? Is my housing situation at risk?
These questions are causing anxiety in households all across America. But there they are, and we must find a balanced way to address them. The federal government is working hard to improve the economic climate and provide relief for consumers, but significant challenges will remain for some time.
Perhaps you have parents or loved ones who are finding it difficult to keep their heads above water in these choppy seas. I'm here to remind you that there are a host of public benefits available to provide a lifeline for those who qualify for financial help.
First, you need to talk to your parents about their financial situation. While some may be hesitant to talk about their "business" with you, it is important to assess their current circumstances. Think about starting the conversation with those famous "I" statements that I mentioned in an earlier column: "Mom, Dad—I'm worried that today's economy could be giving you serious troubles."
Most older adults receive Social Security, so that is generally a good way to continue the conversation. "How much is your current Social Security benefit check?" is an easily understood topic for people age 65+, because nearly everyone receives this public benefit.
Once you have a clear picture of your parents' financial circumstances, you can match up their needs with existing federal, state, and local programs that help older adults who need assistance. If you know someone who is having a difficult time paying for basic needs, such as health care, food, or utilities, below are the types of questions you might be hearing.
"My health care costs keep going up! Are there any programs to help?"
Medicare is a national health-insurance program that helps people age 65+, and some younger people with disabilities, pay for their health care. In has several parts that cover:
- Hospital care, limited nursing home, and home-health care (Part A)
- Doctors' services and outpatient-hospital care (Part B)
- Health coverage and prescription drugs through a plan (like an HMO)
- Prescription drug benefits, although there are exceptions (Part D)
- For more information, click here.
Medicare Part D "Extra Help" Program assists people with Medicare who have limited incomes and assets to pay for most of their Medicare Part D premiums, copayments, and deductibles. It also provides continuous drug coverage throughout the year. To apply, you can use Social Security's online application.
Medicaid, a federal and state health insurance program, assists people with limited resources. Some who may be eligible for Medicaid include disabled or older individuals, and, in some cases, grandparents taking care of grandchildren. Each state designs and runs its own program, so eligibility criteria and covered services vary. Call your local department of social or human services, or click here.
Medicaid Savings Programs can help your parents or loved ones pay out-of-pocket Medicare costs if they have limited income and assets. Click here to learn more.