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10 Freedom Riders: Then and Now

50 years ago, young civil rights activists boarded buses and trains to beat Jim Crow

Left: Police photo of Frank Holloway in 1961; right: Holloway in 2007

Arrested after riding from Montgomery, Ala., to Jackson, Miss., on May 24, 1961; photographed May 9, 2007, in Atlanta — Mississippi Department of Archives and History; Eric Etheridge

Frank Holloway


In 1961. Holloway, a 22-year-old student at Morehouse College in Atlanta and a leader of the Atlanta Student Movement, had already been arrested several times for his role in sit-ins, picketing and other nonviolent protests.

In his words. "Nonviolence wasn't necessarily a way of life, but it was a tactic. We felt like it was a tactic that worked.

"I know for myself, I felt that this was what I was supposed to do. I didn't feel like I was a hero or anything like that. I just felt like this was what I was supposed to do. And I did it and when I stopped doing it, I didn't feel like anybody needed to reward me or congratulate me or pat me on my back. I did what I felt like I had to do."

Today. Holloway, 71, lives in his hometown of Atlanta. After working as a field secretary for SNCC from 1961 to 1967, he spent his career working for poverty and economic-action agencies.

Next: Future U.S. congressman >>

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