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Voters to Decide on Photo ID Measure

Protection or disenfranchisement? That is the question

State News MN: Proposed Constitutional Amendment Requiring Voter ID

Signs such as this one may become commonplace if voters approve a referendum requiring photo IDs. Supporters say it would reduce fraud; opponents say it would keep thousands of Minnesotans from voting. — Orlin Wagner/AP

Minnesota voters will decide next month on a proposed constitutional amendment that would require people to present government-issued photo identification in order to vote in future elections.

See also: Got your voter photo ID?

The amendment's supporters say requiring a photo ID would help ensure election integrity and prevent voter fraud.

Opponents, including AARP Minnesota, say it would disenfranchise people, particularly older and minority voters who may not have a valid photo ID. Some voters do not have a current driver's license because they no longer drive — or the required paperwork to get one, such as birth certificates or marriage licenses.

Minnesota is one of 20 states plus the District of Columbia that currently require no identification at the polls, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Nearly 64,000 registered voters 55 and older do not have a valid state ID, according to Minnesota Secretary of State Mark Ritchie (D). A survey by the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law found that 11 percent of adult Americans — and 18 percent of Americans over 65 — do not have a valid, government-issued photo ID.

Unlike in other states, the amendment does not have any exemptions, such as for people in nursing homes.

"AARP's concern is with the older voter," said Michele Kimball, AARP Minnesota state director. "That is why we are in this fight."

A sad example

Not everyone can easily obtain a valid state photo ID. When 13 Minneapolis nursing home residents needed photo IDs to go on a cruise, a staff member said it took nine months to help them track down birth and marriage certificates costing $9 to $39 each.

One resident, born on a farm in Mississippi and delivered by a midwife, never had a birth certificate. She was denied a state ID and missed the trip. "My heart was broken," wrote Eveyln Collier, adding that she is a registered and regular voter.

The Republican-controlled legislature passed a bill in 2011 that would have required all voters to present a valid, government-issued photo ID. Democratic Gov. Mark Dayton vetoed it. So lawmakers decided to put the issue directly to voters as a proposed constitutional amendment. If it passes, lawmakers would hash out details for its implementation next year.

A coalition, Our Vote Our Future, opposing the amendment includes former Vice President Walter Mondale, former Republican Gov. Arne Carlson, former Democratic U.S. Rep. Tim Penny and prominent civil rights leader Josie Johnson.

Next: Legal precedent for voter ID. »

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