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Bendera ya Taifa (bayn-DAY-rah YAH tah-EE-fah) The colors of the Kwanzaa flag are black, red and green: black for all African people worldwide; red for their struggle; and green for the future and hope, that comes from their struggle. It was first used by Marcus Garvey.
Habari gani? (ha-BAH-ree GAH-nee) A Swahili greeting that means, "What's the news of the day?". When spoken during Kwanzaa, the appropriate response is the theme of the day (i.e., Umoja.)
Harambee! (hah-rahm-BAY) This is another greeting that means, "We pull together!".
Imani (ee-MAH-nee) The seventh principle of Kwanzaa, which stands for believing and having faith in oneself, our ancestors, and our future. FAITH
Ishara Saba (ee-SHAH-rah SAH-bah) The seven symbols of Kwanzaa.
Karamu (kah-RAH-moo) The special feast of Kwanzaa that is celebrated with family and friends; celebrated on the last day of Kwanzaa.
Kawaida (kah-wah-EE-dah) The African philosophical framework from which Kwanzaa's Nguzo Saba were derived.
Kikombe cha umoja (kee-KOHM-bay cha oo-MOH-jah) The cup of togetherness, used for the libation rituals.
Kinara (kee-NAH-rah) The candleholder that holds the mishumaa saba.
Kujichagulia (koo-JEE-chah-goo-LEE-ah) The second principle of Kwanzaa, which stands for thinking, naming, acting, and speaking for oneself. SELF-DETERMINATION
Kukumbuka (koo-koom-BOO-kah) Remembering our ancestors.
Kuumba (koo-OOM-bah) The sixth principle of Kwanzaa, meaning thinking of new ways to do things. It also means creating something with your own hands or mind. CREATIVITY
Kwanzaa (KWAHN-zah) An African American holiday that celebrates African Americans and their history and culture.
Kwanzaa yenu iwe na heri! (KWAHN-zah YAY-noo EE-way NAH HAY-ree) A greeting that means, "May your Kwanzaa be happy!".
Matunda ya kwanza (mah-TOON-dah YAH KWAHN-zah) The first fruits of the harvest.
Mazao (mah-ZAH-oh) The fruits and vegetables of the harvest.
Mishumaa saba (mee-shoo-MAH SAH-bah) The seven candles that are placed in the kinara and lit during Kwanzaa.
Mkeka (mm-KEE-kah) The mat that is used on a Kwanzaa table.
Muhindi (moo-HEEN-dee) The corn that represents the children in a family. One ear per child is placed on the mkeka.
Nguzo Saba (nn-GOO-zoh SAH-bah) The seven principles of Kwanzaa.
Nia (NEE-ah) The fifth principle of Kwanzaa, which stands for purpose. PURPOSE
Saba (SAH-bah) The numeral seven.
Swahili (swah-HEE-lee) An East African language spoken by many African ethnic groups. It is sometimes called Kiswahili (kee-swah-HEE-lee), particularly by native speakers.
Tambiko (tahm-BEE-koh) The libation ritual of pouring a drink for the ancestors.
Tamshi la Tambiko (TAHM-shee LAH tahm-BEE-koh) The words spoken during the libation ritual Tambiko.
Tamshi la Tutaonana (TAHM-shee LAH tu-TAH-oh-NAH-nah) The words spoken (libation) at the end of the Kwanzaa celebrations.
Ujamaa (oo-jah-MAH) This is the fourth principle of Kwanzaa. It means buying goods and services from each other. COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS
Ujima (oo-JEE-mah) This is the third principle of Kwanzaa and means helping each other. COLLECTIVE WORK & RESPONSIBILITY
Umoja (oo-MOH-jah) This is the first principle of Kwanzaa, meaning unity. UNITY
Zawadi (zah-WAH-dee) The gifts that are given on the last day of Kwanzaa. It is preferable that these gifts come out of kuumba.