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Chance is one of those dividing lines. Some people – usually atheists – believe everything is a result of chance. Others may attribute certain things to chance and hope this opens the door to them winning at a slot machine or roulette table. If you are someone who believes everything is a result of chance, you may be surprised at the implications of your philosophy of chance.
I start by pointing out the meaning of “chance”. If something is planned or intended, it is not left to chance. Something you didn’t plan or intend may occur anyway, but the meaning of “chance” is something unplanned, accidental, unintended, etc. If you make a plan and something goes wrong, we can ask “why?” But it doesn’t make any sense to ask why something happened if there wasn’t a plan in the first place. Example: Why did it rain on my birthday cake? Well since no one planned a party, and no one intended to cover the cake, and no one cared if the cake was left outside - why wouldn’t it get rained on? Why does it even matter if it did? The example is much worse when it comes to the entire universe. For if everything is by chance (unplanned, unintended, etc.), then there is no meaning (intention, purpose, reason, etc.) to anything. The “everything by chance” scientist should not try to tell us what the meaning of things are, because he has started out by saying that there is no meaning (purpose, intention, reason, etc.).
Certainly there are things that happen by chance. But for chance events to occur, they must have a uniform, predictable environment to occur in. This is the planned or intended environment. To bring the size down some from the universe, let’s consider a roll of the dice. We can calculate how many times 6 will be rolled, doubles will come up, etc. But this means the same dice with the same number of dots on them are thrown on a flat surface each time. These are all part of the planned environment. In a game room where everything is by chance, the dice would have different numbers on them each time they were thrown, sometimes they would be thrown on a wall and sometimes on a table, sometimes they would float and sometimes they bounce, sometimes they would not be thrown at all. In fact, sometimes the dice wouldn’t even be dice but rocks or ice cubes. In such a world you can’t predict anything by chance, can you? You can’t say come into this game room and I will tell what will happen next. You can’t tell us the reason why things are happening as they are because there is no reason – its all just chaos.
So chance can’t explain everything. And there is a dramatic difference between chance explaining some things and chance explaining everything. If you want to do science, you can’t do it in a world of meaningless chaos where chance is everything. You need more order and uniformity than you do chance. And order and uniformity requires a God who intended for things to act as they do on a regular basis, and who is powerful enough to create them with the built-in features to follow this plan. Until you have this, you can’t even talk about chance.