Times are tough, and scammers know it. So some of them are adopting a new business model for an old rip-off, raking in the cash with bogus lotteries and sweepstakes.
As always, the bait in these swindles, which are overwhelmingly targeting older Americans, is the promise of a huge cash windfall or choice merchandise because you have "won" a drawing. But to collect, you're told, you first must pay insurance, taxes or other so-called fees. The money you send is gone forever. The reality is the prize itself never existed.
What has changed is the amount of the upfront fees. Scammers used to ask people for hundreds or thousands of dollars. Fewer than 1 percent actually sent the money.
But in these hard times, scammers realize that not many people have lots of cash lying around. "And they know that more people have gotten wise to scams where you have to pay thousands of dollars," says Roger Nusbaum, a fraud detective at the Tucson, Ariz., Police Department.
So they're lowering the "fees," hoping they will get a bigger response. So far, the new strategy seems to be working.
In one recent phony sweepstakes, letters addressed to older Americans — the scammers had purchased mailing lists that revealed people's ages — claimed that lucky recipients had won a new Toyota Corolla or its cash equivalent of $15,503. The so-called evidence was laughable: a crude black-and-white photocopy of a supposed transfer of title, lacking any appearance of authenticity that you'd find in a real DMV document.