Forty-one percent of older households have total household incomes of less than $20,000, and they typically experience the greatest energy burden. This trend is projected to continue throughout winter 2010-2011. The burden is highest for those using fuel oil for heating. For example, age 65+ households heating with fuel oil with incomes under $20,000 will spend at least 20 percent of household income on heating costs, while all-income households heating with fuel oil will spend around 5 percent of total household income on heating costs.
Although consumption data show that low-income older consumers tend to use less heating fuel than higher-income groups, high winter heating costs are likely to be a greater burden on this group than on higher-income older consumers who have greater financial resources available to meet these.
As average heating expenditures have continued to increase throughout the decade, the average LIHEAP grant amount has remained relatively flat. Consequently, the gap between heating expenditures and LIHEAP assistance received by eligible participants has continued to grow.