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Types of Coverage

Insurance: Who Needs it? Part II

What type of insurance makes sense for you?

How much is enough? Purchased at age 55, a plan that would pay $150 a day, inflation-adjusted, for up to three years of care might run you $1,100 or so a year in premiums. Purchased at age 65, that same plan might cost $3,000 or so a year. Given these prices, you don’t want to buy more than you need. How much you need, says Pareto, can vary greatly depending on where you live. Use this online calculator to find out what the average cost of care in your area. Factor in other potential sources of income such as Social Security, pension, and investment income in determining your need.

Tips: Look very closely at each policy’s list of “activities of daily living” (ADL)—which determine how bad your condition must be before your policy kicks in—the waiting period, and the time that your benefits will last. It’s best to have inflation adjustment built in, especially if you’re buying the plan at a younger age. If you’re healthy, ask for a good-health discount, which might save you 10 percent off your premiums.

For Hispanics in particular, who often see caring for their elders as a natural part of family life, Pareto suggests paying special attention to the part of the policy that discusses home-care reimbursements. And if you think that you may want to return to your home country some day, look for a policy that will pay you a lump sum that you can take with you. Such a policy would be called a “cash” or “cash-based” policy.

Umbrella Insurance

It’s called umbrella insurance because it covers the kind of litigious rain that may soak you despite the protection afforded by your homeowners and auto policies. We’re talking about comprehensive personal liability insurance. Say you’re sued for slander or defamation of character. Or you accidentally plow your car into a shiny limousine and find that your auto policy just won’t cover the enormous damages.

Umbrella insurance supplements your other policies and kicks in only when their limits are exhausted. It isn’t terribly expensive—perhaps $250 a year for a million dollars of added coverage—and it’s a good idea for anyone with substantial unprotected assets, Pareto says. Generally $1 million is the minimum coverage for an umbrella policy. But if you’re very rich and very nervous, you can get coverage up to many millions. Umbrella insurance will not cover professional liability, only personal.

Cancer & Heart Disease/Stroke Insurance

Yes, you can buy cancer insurance. You can buy heart disease/stroke insurance, too. There’s nothing wrong with such plans, but be aware of their limitations, says Leonor McCall-Rodriguez, president and founder of One Voice Insurance Services in Redondo Beach, California. “These plans generally pay you a certain chunk of cash, up to thousands of dollars, should you be diagnosed with a specific disease and need treatment. They are not health insurance and can’t take the place of comprehensive coverage,” she says.

Such policies never cover pre-existing cancer or heart disease. And some policies will deny coverage if you are later found to have had the disease at the time of purchase— even if you weren’t aware that you had it. Premiums will vary according to your age, state, health history, and whether or not you smoke.

Always consult with a professional to determine what insurance plans and/or investments are appropriate for you.

These links are provided for informational purposes only. AARP does not endorse, and has no control over, or responsibility for, the linked sites or the content, advertisements, materials, products, or services available on or throughout these sites.

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