Irene Dugan used to cook for her husband, four kids and a granddaughter she raised. But when she began living alone in a Seattle senior apartment community, cooking for one became a challenge.
She needed to watch her salt intake, due to high blood pressure. She had a hard time standing at a stove for long periods. She sometimes didn't feel like cooking for one.
She learned how to make simple dinners high in fiber and low in salt and fat. She got recipes for chili, couscous and some tasty "mix-and-match" casseroles with different blends of veggies and spices.
Run by the Lifelong AIDS Alliance in Seattle, the class is one of 10 programs nationwide funded by the AARP Foundation to combat senior hunger.
Nearly 9 million Americans age 50 and older — one in 11 older adults — were at risk of facing daily hunger in 2009, a report by the foundation showed last year. That rate came after a sharp rise in senior hunger during the economic downturn.
Running out of food
Although the recession is over, eating well is a struggle for many older adults, due to high food prices, fixed incomes and physical limitations that can make shopping and cooking a challenge. Poor diet is often the result, with too little food or too much processed food — salty canned soups or fatty frozen dinners — that can worsen chronic conditions.
"It was not unusual to find seniors eating cereal for dinner," said Jennifer Hinson, the nutrition services manager at Lifelong, a nonprofit group that offers programs to people living with chronic conditions.
"We see seniors who will frequently run out of food by the end of the month," she said.
Part of the problem is reluctance among older, low-income adults to use food stamps, known in Washington as the Basic Food program. Nationally, only a third of people 60 and older who qualify for the assistance program are enrolled, said Maggie Biscarr, hunger-impact program manager at the AARP Foundation.
To improve food security among older people, the AARP Foundation awarded nearly $2 million in Hunger Innovation Grants this year to 10 programs nationwide that go beyond food banks. They include community gardens in California, senior buying clubs in Maine and Lifelong's classes in Seattle.