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Celebrating Financial Independence

4 keys to help you achieve debt-free living

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En español  |  The best steak I've ever eaten was one that we grilled over a small campfire in our backyard on July 4, 2002.

And that wasn't because I splurged on an expensive cut of meat. No, that steak tasted so delicious because of the very special fire it was cooked over: We started the fire by setting a match to a copy of our home mortgage, which we had just finished paying off. A few years into home ownership, we refinanced from a 30- to a 15-year mortgage and doubled-down by enrolling in a no-cost mortgage acceleration program. Then a few years down the road, we made an additional lump sum payment and were able to pay off our 15-year mortgage four years early. In essence, we paid off our home in 16 years and it's the one and only house we've ever called home since 1986.

Without a single penny of debt to our names, that July 4 wasn't just America's Independence Day, it was our Financial Independence Day. From that day forward, we were free from the shackles of debt and free to spend more of our time doing something other than simply earning a living.

Celebrating your own financial independence may seem like a pipe dream. But if you try to integrate the following four basic financial principles into your life, that celebration might not be as far off as you think.

1. Live within your means always, and live below your means whenever you can.

Spend no more than you earn and, preferably, even less than you earn. It sounds so obvious and simple, but it's all too rare. A 2011 survey commissioned by a financial consortium including the Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards showed that nearly one-third of all Americans are living so close to the financial edge that they would be unable to make their mortgage or rent payment beyond a single month if they lost their job. Ten percent of respondents earning $100,000 per year or more said they would immediately miss a payment!

Ideally, you should develop a household budget — and a lifestyle to match it — in which you spend no more than 60 percent of your income on life's true necessities (housing, food, transportation, etc.) and no more than 20 percent on "wants" (entertainment and other discretionary expenses). You should aim to set aside at least 20 percent as savings.

Cheapskate Jeff Yeager gives advice how to achieve financial independence and become debt-free

Pay off your home mortgage as quickly as possible, preferably before you retire. — Photo by Cavan Images/Getty Images

2. Make saving automatic, and make smart spending second nature.

If you establish good financial habits and routines for both saving and spending, you'll avoid the hassles and stress of always having to worry about money. Put your finances on "autopilot" as much as possible.

Have your paychecks deposited directly into your bank accounts (including a portion of each check into savings). Arrange for your recurring monthly bills to be paid automatically out of your checking account so you avoid late fees, penalties and interest.

On the spending side, make the most economical choices the most convenient choices and you'll spend less, day in and day out, without even thinking about it. For example, carry a bag of groceries with you to the office every Monday so you can make your lunches for the week on the spot. You'll find that you'll actually do it since it's even more convenient — and cheaper — than running out for fast food.

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