AARP Pop-Up Demonstration Tool Kit

Project: Pop-Up Streetscape Revitalization

LOCATION: Broad Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee

Painting a green bicycle lane for a pop-up demonstration on Broad Street in Memphis, Tennessee

Volunteers create a Broad Avenue bike lane. — Photo courtesy Livable Memphis

THE GOAL

To demonstrate the potential of Broad Avenue as a destination-worthy arts district

BACKSTORY

Once a bustling commercial center, Broad Avenue had been turned into a divided highway that bisected — and thus disconnected — the Binghampton neighborhood's residential and commercial areas. For decades, the district struggled with crime and blight. In 2006, Broad Avenue began to slowly emerge as an arts district. To truly thrive, however, the area needed the boost of both emotional and financial investments.

THE PROJECT

"A New Face for an Old Broad" was a temporary, three-block streetscape exhibition — populated by protected bike lanes, crosswalks, pedestrian refuge areas, pop-up shops, food vendors, and activities for visitors of all ages — in order to spur interest in the area and show what a new arts district could look like.

TIMING

The event ran for two days in November 2010. (See a video about the streetscape exhibition.)

THE LOGISTICS

Livable Memphis, a nonprofit organization, teamed-up with the Broad Avenue Arts District. Using a borrowed and adapted concept from the Better Block Foundation, the groups gathered volunteers and persuaded business owners to open temporary shops and restaurants.

  • Vacant storefronts were cleaned and painted

  • People who dreamed of opening a business were permitted to occupy some of the vacant storefronts as demonstration businesses

  • Opaque materials were removed from occupied storefronts to provide for friendlier and more inviting floor-to-ceiling windows

  • Cafes were extended onto the sidewalks

In addition, the team redesigned the street-level public spaces to illustrate how better infrastructure can breathe life into a commercial district. By focusing on bicyclists and pedestrians instead of cars, the team: 

  • Re-striped the 60-foot-wide Broad Avenue, adding crosswalks and protected bike lanes

  • Angled and positioned on-street parking as a protective barrier for bike lanes and to increase parking spaces

  • Essentially instituted a "road diet" that required vehicles to slowly ease (rather than speed) through two lanes while people walked and bicycled nearby

  • Turned a vacant parking lot into a skate park

  • Enhanced street infrastructure by positioning street trees along the sidewalks and storefronts

  • Created a "bump-out" to help slow traffic by placing large planters filled with 10-foot cedars next to vehicle traffic lanes

  • Installed antique-style street lamps to provide better lighting ambience and security
Artist and volunteer Tom Clifton helps paint the event’s pop-up bike lane on Broad Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee

Local artist and event volunteer Tom Clifton helped paint the event's pop-up bicycle lane. — Photo courtesy Livable Memphis

THE COSTS and CREW

The project received logistical and financial support from the Hyde Family Foundations, the Binghampton Development Corporation, the Memphis Regional Design Center, the City of Memphis and the Community Development Council of Greater Memphis/Livable Memphis.

OUTCOMES and NEXT STEPS

The event surpassed the organizers' expectations. Original goals targeted a turnout of 5,000 people; estimates are that 13,000 people attended the event.

"At first we were concerned that the bicycling would take away from business, but we quickly saw it was helping business twofold,” said Pat Brown, business manager of T. Clifton Art. "You did have people biking, but it also helped narrow the street and slow people down. All of a sudden, people were noticing businesses they hadn't noticed before because they were speeding by at 45 miles an hour or more."

Added David Wayne Brown, president of Splash Creative, an advertising agency: "We demonstrated that inner-city, old neighborhoods can be revitalized. Everything doesn't have to be suburbanized, where we tear down the trees and build something new."

Since the demonstration project, Broad Avenue and the Binghampton neighborhood has seen more than $25 million in investments, the opening of more than two dozen new businesses and more then 30 property renovations. The temporary streetscape remained after the demonstration project. A more complete and permanent version will replace it when the Hampline path is constructed. 

Through the Mayor's Innovation Delivery Team (now Innovate Memphis), a new program — MEMFix — was begun as a citywide cosponsored version of the "New Face for an Old Broad" Pop-Up Project.

OTHER SOLUTIONS

At least two, whimsically-designed MATA bus stops have opened in Binghampton and several interactive public art displays have been installed.

In addition, developer Eric Goode said the area's "guerrilla-style revitalization" has prompted him to turn a 12,000-square-foot former warehouse on Broad Avenue into a retail and restaurant space.

LEARN MORE

The AARP Pop-Up Demonstration Tool Kit was written by Robert Ping (Executive Director, WALC Institute) and edited by Melissa Stanton (Advisor/Editor, AARP Livable Communities). A PDF version of the entire tool kit will be posted on May 24, 2017.


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