The purpose of fair housing is to protect buyers/renters from seller/landlord discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, and familial status. Specifically, fair housing is necessary for the aging population or those with disabilities because it requires landlords to allow tenants with disabilities to make reasonable access-related modifications to their private living space, as well as to common use spaces. It also prevents landlords from simple discrimination based on age. This study was conducted to examine the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Fair Housing Initiative Program (FHIP), which was created in 1987 to support fair housing organizations across the country through funding investigations and enforcement of laws that protect people from housing discrimination, as well as provide education and outreach activities.
The goals of this study were to create a history of FHIP, describe its grantees, analyze the types of grants awarded through the program, and analyze the outcomes of cases investigated by grant recipients. The study was conducted by analyzing a combination of qualitative data collected during key informant interviews and on-site interviews, as well as quantitative data collected through a web-based survey, the HUD administrative database, and Title VIII Automated Paperless Office Tracking System (TEAPOTS) data. An overall conclusion of the study was that although other fair housing organizations would most likely be able to secure funding for education and outreach activities without FHIP funding, few other funding sources are available to support testing and other investigative work that fair housing organizations conduct. Additionally, it was found that when FHIP is involved, complaints are more likely to result in a resolution.
How to Use
For community leaders, the study describes the types of awards made by FHIP, as well education and outreach activities that they support. It also provides overall insight on FHIP and ways that local leaders can work with the program and other fair housing nonprofit organizations in their area to better serve its residents who are facing housing discrimination. Lastly, it explains the need to educate residents on their fair housing rights.
View full report: Study of the Fair Housing Initiatives Program – 2011 (PDF – 1.7 MB)