En español | Q. I hear the new health care law has given us a better deal in the Part D doughnut hole. How does this work?
In the past, the gap in coverage known as the doughnut hole was always the biggest drawback for people enrolled in the Medicare Part D prescription drug program. But now, under a provision of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (“ObamaCare”), the gap is steadily shrinking and saving Part D enrollees a lot of out-of-pocket expenses.
You fall into the gap if the total cost of your drugs since the beginning of the year reaches a certain level: $2,850 in 2014. (The "total cost" in this initial coverage period includes the amount you've spent yourself — your deductible, if your Part D plan has one, and copayments — and the amount your plan has contributed.)
At that point, in the years before 2011, you would have had to pay 100 percent of the cost of your drugs in the gap, unless you had other coverage. And only when you had spent a large amount out of pocket since the beginning of the year ($4,550 in 2014) could you get out of the gap and qualify for low-cost catastrophic coverage until the end of the year.
But between 2011, when this provision of the law kicked in, and 2020, your share of the costs in the doughnut hole is reducing each year. So in 2014:
- You'll receive a 52.5 percent discount on the cost of brand-name and biologic drugs (including insulin and vaccines, contributed by their manufacturers.
- You'll receive a 28 percent discount on generic drugs and Part D-covered supplies used to administer insulin, through a subsidy from the federal government.
Over the next few years these discounts will get larger, so that by 2020 you will pay no more than 25 percent of the cost of any Part D-covered drugs in the doughnut hole.
Who gets the discounts?
Anybody who gets Part D drug coverage and falls into the doughnut hole is entitled to the discounts, including those who are enrolled in:
- A "stand-alone" Part D drug plan — the type mostly used by people in the traditional Medicare program.
- A Medicare Advantage health plan that provides drug coverage.
- A Part D drug plan or a Medicare Advantage plan that is sponsored by a current or former employer or union.
Will people who get Extra Help get the discounts?
No. People with limited incomes who receive low-cost prescription drug coverage under the government-subsidized Extra Help program already have year-round coverage without a doughnut hole.
How do I get the discounts?
You don't need to apply for them or fill out any paperwork. The discounts will be automatically applied at the pharmacy or, if you get your prescriptions through mail order, by your plan's mail-order service.