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Do You Need Disability Insurance?

Cost can be high, but it can protect the peak earning years of those 50-plus

En español | Attention, 50- to 55-year-olds (and anyone who cares about a 50- to 55-year-old) — this column is for you. You're probably thinking: Here comes the reminder that it's time to start thinking about long-term care insurance. Close, but wrong. This is the reminder that it's time to start thinking about disability insurance.

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AARP Expert Jean Chatzky:Things You Should Know About Disability Insurance

Protect your peak earning years with disability insurance. — Illustration by Buena Vista Images/Getty Images

You have questions. I have answers. Here we go.

Q. Do I need it?
A. Think for a moment about what would happen if you were injured or ill and couldn't work. Would your savings plus any spousal income plus any payments you were able to get from Social Security Disability Income ($1,111 a month in 2012 on average) be enough to live on until Social Security and any other retirement benefits kick in? If not, you need it.

Q. Why now?
A. We buy insurance to protect something. Homeowners insurance to protect our dwellings. Auto insurance to protect our cars. Disability insurance in your 50s protects what are likely your peak earning years. If you're thinking you need to work the next 10 to 15 years to shore up your retirement, protecting that earnings stream — just in case — is particularly important.

Also, notes Mark Maurer, president of Low Load Insurance Services, your window is closing. Most insurers won't offer individual disability past age 59 or 60. "If you're going to get it," he says, "you have to get it now."

Most policies will carry you through to age 65 or your full retirement age. If at that point you're still working more than 30 hours a week, it may be possible to extend your policy for another year or two.

Q. If I'm not in perfect health, what should I expect?
A. As you age, it becomes more difficult (not to mention more expensive) to obtain disability, but it's underwritten in much the same way as other types of insurance, explains Matthew Herz of Herz Financial. "The severity of your medical issues will impact whether you get a policy at all or whether there are exclusions on your policy." So if, for example, you have a back problem — one that you regularly seek treatment for — your insurer may be willing to cover you, but not for claims involving your back.

Q. What's the best way to buy it?
A. Start at work. If your employer offers a group policy, chances are you can get insured without going through medical underwriting. This is very likely going to be your most cost-effective solution.

It may not provide as much insurance as you want — in general you should aim to cover 60 to 70 percent of your salary — but it's a start. Your employer may offer additional supplementary coverage, typically 15 percent cheaper than if you purchased it on the commercial market.

If you're going there on your own, you should know that unlike the life insurance marketplace, which has literally hundreds of providers, many of them well rated, there are only a handful of disability companies that offer noncancellable (by them), guaranteed renewable (by you) contracts.

This, says Herz, is the most important consideration. You only want a policy in which the terms and cost can't be changed in the years ahead.

To find an agent, try the search tool at the website of the National Association of Health Underwriters.

Next: How much is it likely to cost? »

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