En español | The health care law makes providing coverage to your employees a lot easier. As a small business owner you can join with other small businesses statewide to get better pricing for health coverage for your employees. The Health Insurance Marketplace for small businesses (called SHOP) allows you to compare plans, choose the plan you want to be available to your employees and set the dollar amount you can contribute toward your employees’ premiums. Then you simply go online and sign up – reducing your paperwork and administrative costs.
No federal law requires businesses of any size – large or small – to offer insurance. That’s been the law since long before the Affordable Care Act was passed.
What you now need to do about employee health coverage depends on the number of your employees.
If you have under 50 employees
You are not required to offer health insurance and you face no penalties if you don’t. If you do wish to make health coverage available to your employees, you can shop for a plan to offer them in your state’s Health Insurance Marketplace.
If you have 50 or more employees
In 2014 you are not required to offer health insurance and will face no penalties. However, starting in 2015 if you have 50 or more full-time equivalent employees and do not offer them health insurance, you will have to pay a penalty if any of your full-time employees get help paying their premiums through the marketplace.
If you are self-employed
If you are self-employed you are treated as an individual rather than a small business. Just like everyone else, you will be required to have health insurance or pay a penalty. To obtain health insurance, you will shop in the individual Health Insurance Marketplace in your state.
You will not be eligible for the small business tax credit, but you may qualify for financial help with the cost of your coverage.
Small Business Tax Credit
Small businesses can get a tax credit to help make the cost of covering your employees more affordable. If you offer health insurance and your company has fewer than 25 employees with average wages of less than $50,000 you will qualify for a tax credit. In 2013 the tax credit covers up to 35 percent of the cost of providing insurance. By 2014 up to 50 percent of your costs of providing insurance through the marketplace may be covered – making it even more affordable to provide health insurance.
To find out more about the tax credit, and how to count your employees and calculate any penalties, visit www.irs.gov/aca.
Updated August 2013