Alert
Close

Think you know AARP? What you don't know about us may surprise you. Discover all the 'Real Possibilities'

HIGHLIGHTS

Open

REAL POSSIBILITIES

AARP Real Possibilities

DRIVER SAFETY

Piggy bank on the road - AARP Driver Safety

Take the new AARP Smart Driver Course!

Contests and
Sweeps

Dream Vacation Sweepstakes

10 weeks. 10 amazing trips. Seize your chance to win!
See official rules. 

CHECK OUT OUR
NEW IPAD APP!

ATM Mobile App for iPhone and Ipad

Enjoy the best of AARP’s award-winning publications

on the go with the new

AARP ePubs iPad App

KEEP BRAIN ACTIVE!

AARP Games - Play Now!

AARP BOOKS

Planning for Long-Term Care for Dummies

Get expert advice on planning for your own or a relative’s future care needs.

Webinars

Learn From the Experts

Sign up now for an upcoming webinar or find materials from a past session.

Learning centers

Get smart strategies for managing health conditions.

 

Arthritis

Heart Disease

Diabetes

Most Popular

Viewed

Commented

share your thoughts

What does the health care law mean to you? Your story is important. We read and learn from every story and it helps us in our educational efforts. We may even use your comments (with permission) to brief legislators, inspire readers and more. Please share your story with us. Do

New Study Questions Yearly Mammograms

Testing every two years cuts the rate of false positives

More than half of older women who get annual mammograms over the course of 10 years can expect to be called back at least once because of a false alarm, while one in 12 will be referred for a surgical biopsy that will turn out to be negative, a study released today shows.

See also: What screening schedule makes sense for you?

The study, published in the Oct. 18 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, looked at the records of nearly 170,000 women from seven regions around the United States who had their first mammogram between the ages of 40 and 59. They found that a woman who starts getting annual screenings at age 50 has a 61 percent chance over the next 10 years of getting a mammogram that turns out to be a false positive — meaning the radiologist says the mammogram is abnormal when there is no cancer present.

However, when the researchers analyzed the records of roughly 4,500 women who actually had breast cancer, they found that those screened every two years were slightly more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage cancer than those screened every year, suggesting a benefit of annual screenings. But the increase was so small that it was not statistically significant, meaning the increase could be due to chance.

physician examining mammogram results

The purpose of mammography screening is to find breast cancer when it's curable. — ER Productions/Corbis

According to Karla Kerlikowske, M.D., a breast cancer researcher at University of California in San Francisco and one of the study's authors, other research into the rates of false positives were based on mathematical models, which can never be completely precise. But in this study, she says, "We looked at results from real women who have had four or five or six mammograms, so we know the exact false positive rate. We also know the exact rate of false positive results for biopsy, which is fairly high."

The researchers found that women in their 40s and 50s had similar risks of a false positive during 10 years of screening, but over the course of a lifetime women who started regular screening mammograms at age 40 rather than 50 were likely to have more recalls for suspicious results because of the extra decade of testing. Women who had an earlier mammogram available for comparison halved the probability of being recalled for further testing.

Next: What if you have a history of cancer? >>

Topic Alerts

You can get weekly email alerts on the topics below. Just click “Follow.”

Manage Alerts

Processing

Please wait...

progress bar, please wait

Tell Us WhatYou Think

Please leave your comment below.

Health Blog

Discounts & Benefits

bring health To Life-Visual MD

AARP bookstore

AARP Bookstore - woman reaches for book on bookshelf

VISIT THE HEALTH SECTION

Find titles on brain health, drug alternatives, nutrition and losing weight. Do